Chapter 16, Section 3: Mining Regulations &                           Mine Reclamation                        Standards: S...
1.   Noise & Air     pollution2.   Water     contamination3.   Displacement of     wildlife4.   Soil Degradation5.   Subsi...
   Noise pollution from    blasting & machinery.    ◦ Blasting can cause      physical damage to      houses   Air pollu...
   Water seeps thru piles    of excess mining rock    & picks up toxic    materials   Toxins seep into body    of water ...
   Removing vegetation    affects animals in    area.   Animals die or move    out.   Dredging in water    destroys aqu...
   Soil must be removed    in layers and kept    separate.   Must return soil to    original layers so that    most fert...
   Subsidence- sinking    of the ground due to    lack of support below    ground.   Can result when    mining pillars, ...
   Coal mines are prone    to catch on fire    underground   Will burn for decades    and cannot be put out.   Centrali...
   Federal Regulations    ◦ Clean Water Act & Safe      Drinking Water Act      protect water from      mining activities...
   State Regulations    ◦ Mining companies      must get permit.    ◦ Must submit plan for      mine design and      recl...
   Process of returning    mined land back to its    original condition   Surface Mining Control    & Reclamation Act of...
   Reduce energy    consumption!    ◦ Turn off      lights, computers, etc.    ◦ Decrease your      dependence on coal! ...
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Unit 4 ch 16 s3 mining regulations & mine reclamation

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Unit 4 ch 16 s3 mining regulations & mine reclamation

  1. 1. Chapter 16, Section 3: Mining Regulations & Mine Reclamation Standards: SEV4a, c
  2. 2. 1. Noise & Air pollution2. Water contamination3. Displacement of wildlife4. Soil Degradation5. Subsidence6. Underground Mine Fires
  3. 3.  Noise pollution from blasting & machinery. ◦ Blasting can cause physical damage to houses Air pollution from dust produced by mining ◦ Dust may contain harmful materials such as mercury & asbestos Black lung disease on the far right.
  4. 4.  Water seeps thru piles of excess mining rock & picks up toxic materials Toxins seep into body of water & kill wildlife Ex: Coal contains sulfur, sulfur reacts with rainwater & makes sulfuric acid, sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Ohio acid leaches into body of water and causes Acid Mine Drainage Acid Mine (AMD) Drainage in Pennsylvania
  5. 5.  Removing vegetation affects animals in area. Animals die or move out. Dredging in water destroys aquatic ecosystems ◦ Sediment in water blocks sunlight affecting algae & These fish died due to clogging gills of fish & aluminum mining- aluminum shellfish. makes their gills produce too much mucus and they suffocate b/c gills don’t work properly.
  6. 6.  Soil must be removed in layers and kept separate. Must return soil to original layers so that most fertile is on top of repaired mining land. If lower layers containing sulfur are placed on top of repaired land, acid will form and plants won’t grow.
  7. 7.  Subsidence- sinking of the ground due to lack of support below ground. Can result when mining pillars, roofs or floors collapse. Houses, roads, buildi ngs can be damaged/destroyed
  8. 8.  Coal mines are prone to catch on fire underground Will burn for decades and cannot be put out. Centralia, PA ◦ Miners started burning trash near coal seam ◦ Coal seam caught fire ◦ Enough coal to burn for 100-1,000 years ◦ Inspiration for the fictional movie “Silent Hill”
  9. 9.  Federal Regulations ◦ Clean Water Act & Safe Drinking Water Act protect water from mining activities ◦ Comprehensive Response Compensation & Liability Act protect soil, air & water from hazardous substance release from mines ◦ Endangered Species Act must also be observed.
  10. 10.  State Regulations ◦ Mining companies must get permit. ◦ Must submit plan for mine design and reclamation before they start mining ◦ May be forced to participate in bond forfeiture program  Must deposit funds into this program.  If mine is not reclaimed properly, the funds are used by the state for the reclamation process
  11. 11.  Process of returning mined land back to its original condition Surface Mining Control & Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) ◦ Sets standards for surface clean up of mines ◦ Establishes funds for clean up of old coal mines & the environments they’ve destroyed. ◦ Must replace soil, reseed, replant, & irrigate.
  12. 12.  Reduce energy consumption! ◦ Turn off lights, computers, etc. ◦ Decrease your dependence on coal! Reduce, Reuse, Recyc le! ◦ If we recycled every aluminum can on the planet we would never need to mine for aluminum again! ◦ Recycling conserves water & energy

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