Classification part 1 for blog

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Classification part 1 for blog

  1. 1. CLASSIFICATION NOTES
  2. 2. Classification- A groupingof objects or informationbased on similaritiesTaxonomy- the branch ofbiology concerned with thegrouping & naming oforganisms
  3. 3. Aristotle:384-322 BCFirst method of classification2 major groups Plants - size & structureAnimals - where they lived(land or water)
  4. 4. Linnaeus: 1707 - 1778 Still used today Based on physical characteristics,close relationships 7 Levels of classification 1. Kingdom 2. Phylum 3. Class 4. Order 5. Family 6. Genus 7. Species
  5. 5. King Phillip Came OverFrom Great Scotland
  6. 6. Taxon: a group at any level of organization.
  7. 7. Figure 18-5 Classification of Ursus arctos Section 18-1 Polar bear Black bear Giant Red fox Abert Coral Sea star panda squirrel snake KINGDOM Animalia PHYLUM Chordata CLASS Mammalia ORDER Carnivora FAMILY Ursidae GENUS Ursus SPECIES Ursus arctosGo toSection:
  8. 8. Binomial nomenclature: Systemthat gives each organism 2 namesGenus: 1st word, always capitalized.Group of closely related speciesspecies: 2nd word, lowercase.descriptive (latinized)Ex-Eurycea bislineata-2 line salamandercommon name varies from place to place
  9. 9. • http://www.search.com/reference/Wile_E._ Coyote_and_Road_Runner
  10. 10. Domain ArchaeaKingdom ArchaebacteriaProkaryotes - No nucleus or membrane- bound organellesCell walls without peptidoglycanUnicellularAutotroph or heterotrophExamples: Methanogens, Halophiles
  11. 11. Domain BacteriaKingdom EubacteriaProkaryotesCell walls with peptidoglycanNo nucleus or membrane boundOrganellesUnicellularAutotroph or HeterotrophE. Coli and Streptococcus
  12. 12. Domain EukaryaKingdom ProtistaEukaryoticCell walls in SOME (plantlike) withcellulose with chloroplastsMost are Unicellular some MulticellularAutotroph or heterotrophParamecium, Kelp, Euglena
  13. 13. Domain EukaryaKingdom FungiEukaryoteCell wall with chitin, nucleus andmembrane-bound organelles-nochloroplastsMost are multicellularHeterotrophEats by absorbing nutrientsMushrooms, yeasts
  14. 14. Domain EukaryaKingdom PlantaeEukaryotesCell walls with cellulose, havechloroplastsMulticellularAutotrophMosses, ferns, trees, flowering plants
  15. 15. Domain EukaryaKingdom AnimaliaEukaryoteNo cell wall or chloroplastsHave specialized systemsMulticellularHeterotrophsponges, worms, insects, fish
  16. 16. • This kingdom contains all autotrophic organisms.• The term autotrophic refers to…• The opposite of autotrophic is…• These organisms contain the material chitin…• These kingdoms contain prokaryotic cells…
  17. 17. • Which is the most general of Linnaeus’ seven taxa?• If 2 organisms are in the same kingdom, must they belong to the same phylum?• If several organisms contain the same class characteristics, must they belong to the same phylum?• Linnaeus’ 2 name system is called…
  18. 18. • The most specific part of a scientific name is the…• If 2 organisms belong to the same order, must they belong to the same family?• In the scientific name the first letter of the ___ must be capitalized.• The scientific name must be ____ or italicized.

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