Introduction to grammar.ppt

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Introduction to grammar.ppt

  1. 1. There are so many ways ofcommunication .
  2. 2. LANGUAGE is the easiest way
  3. 3. LANGUAGEcan be SPOKEN or WRITTEN COMMUNICATION
  4. 4. LANGUAGE SPOKEN WRITTENLISTEN ---- SPEAK READ ---- WRITE
  5. 5.  Words (Vocabulary) tell us What to say. Grammar tells us How to say.
  6. 6. GRAMMAR consistsof--PARTS Of SPEECH
  7. 7. PARTS OFSPEECH CONSTRUCT LANGUAGE GIVE SURITY OF CORRECT USAGE
  8. 8. PARTS OF SPEECHNOUNSPRONOUNSVERBSADJECTIVESADVERBSCONJUNCTIONSPREPOSITIONSINTERJECTIONSARTICLES
  9. 9. (1) Noun → A naming word.EXAMPLES-- boy books
  10. 10. (2) Pronoun → A word used in the place of a noun.EXAMPLES-I, You, He, Each, Every, Either, She Neither, anyone, It, They
  11. 11. (3) Verb → A word used to express an action or state. EXAMPLES -Run walk read go eat
  12. 12. (4) Adjective → A word used to describe a noun. EXAMPLES-- - Beautiful, pretty,swift, obedient, tall
  13. 13. (5) Adverb →used to qualify a verb,an adjective or another adverb.EXAMPLES--Quickly, briskly, fast, so, very, little, much
  14. 14. (6) Preposition→ A word which shows the relationship between two words in a sentence.EXAMPLES- -In on at from over under beside
  15. 15. (7) Conjunction → A wordused to join words or sentences.EXAMPLES- For and nor but or yet
  16. 16. (8) Interjection → A word which expresses some sudden feeling. Wow! Alas! Sigh!
  17. 17. (9) Articles – small words used before nounsExamples-- A An
  18. 18. How words arecombined and used toform legible andcoherent sentences--
  19. 19. noun and verb structure We need at least a noun and a verb to make a sentence— Ram runs. Sohan plays. The baby sleeps. Mother walks.
  20. 20. noun verb noun structure Ram runs on the ground. Sohan plays tennis. The baby sleeps on the bed. Mother walks in the garden.
  21. 21. Pronoun and verb structure I run. You sleep. He shouts She cries. It sinks. They talk.
  22. 22. Adjective and noun structure Big table. Small girl. Naughty boy. Pink frock. Funny joke.
  23. 23. Adjective plural noun structure Big tables. Small girls. Naughty boys. Pink frocks. Funny jokes.
  24. 24. adverb and adjective structure She is a very beautiful girl. Your gift is really nice. Her son is so intelligent. Her house is pretty big. The class is really noisy.
  25. 25. Verb and adverb structure He runs fast. She sings sweetly. I write neatly. Boys eat quickly. Rohan speaks fluently.
  26. 26. Conjunction Ram and Shyam are friends. Hema or Seema will get the first prize. He is foolish but honest.
  27. 27. Preposition The dog is in the basket. The dog is on the chair. The dog is beside the table.
  28. 28.  Knowledge of Grammar makes you sure of “How to say” Complex made Simple

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