Wikipedia, Museum and access to Art
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Wikipedia, Museum and access to Art

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Presentation given on April 20, 2010 at Columbia University. Introducing concepts around copyright and licensing in art museum and how they interact with Wikipedia's policies. Introducing the......

Presentation given on April 20, 2010 at Columbia University. Introducing concepts around copyright and licensing in art museum and how they interact with Wikipedia's policies. Introducing the concept of "de-accessioning by copyright"

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  • 1. Wikipedia, Museums and access to Art Liam Wyatt, 20 April 2010 Columbia University, Copyright Advisory Office, New York City
  • 2. By way of personal introduction...
  • 3. The BM & me http://www.wittylama.com/2010/03/ the-british-museum-and-me/ Andrew Dunn - CC-by-SA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ File:British_Museum_Great_Court_roof.jpg
  • 4. And a quick intro to Wikimedia... Charity Software Chapter Website
  • 5. “Free” • the freedom to use the work and enjoy the benefits of using it • the freedom to study the work and to apply knowledge acquired from it • the freedom to make and redistribute copies, in whole or in part, of the information or expression • the freedom to make changes and improvements, and to distribute derivative works http://freedomdefined.org/
  • 6. http://creativecommons.org/
  • 7. “Free x2” not for profit, volunteer created, available to use, and re-use. Imagine never having to work with a licensing agency again! Gratis Libre
  • 8. If you love something, set it free.
  • 9. (even if love isn’t always free) http://www.imamuseum.org/art/ collections/artwork/love-robert-indiana
  • 10. Some local museum missions
  • 11. Common theme... Engaging the community with their culture. Collect, preserve and share that culture. But...
  • 12. Art + Copyright = Nate.erlin - CC-by-NC-ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/nateerlin/520085236/
  • 13. Some potential issues for those images... • Freedom of Panorama • Commercial licenses • Cultural rights • Attribution • Donor restrictions • TPMs/DRMs • Museum photo policy • Fair use / fair dealing • Different national laws • Copyright in scans • Website terms of use • Database rights
  • 14. Tricks and traps for Wikimedia, Museums and access to Art...
  • 15. 1. License conditions (in real life) http:// jumpinginartmuseums.blogspot.com/ 2010/03/sol-lewitt-jumping.html/ Massachusetts museum of contemporary art: “Our policy is to allow photography everywhere” :-)
  • 16. Reasons given for “no photo” • I.P. - this should be nuanced, not blanket to everything • Conservation - Fair enough, accounts for no flash • Revenue streams - most common, if not admitted • Disruption of others - compare with sketching • Security of the building - really?! http://museumtwo.blogspot.com/ Caro Wallis - cc-by-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/carowallis1/3189114504/ 2009/08/museum-photo-policies- should-be-as-open.html
  • 17. Licensing Conditions on 3rd parties? If you take a picture (when you’re not supposed to) Richard Giles - CC-by-SA (??) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/ and give it to File:Usain_Bolt_Olympics_Celebration .jpg me, am I bound by your license conditions? http://ragesoss.com/blog/2009/10/09/wikipedia-and-olympics-committee-heading-for-collision/
  • 18. 2. Licensing Conditions (digital) Text National Library of Australia permissions statement. First page of Captain William Bligh’s log book - on the NLA Website. Image now also available, without permission, at: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nla.ms-ms5393-2-s1.jpg
  • 19. 3. Fair Use Same article in: < Afrikaans Swedish > http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Non-free_content
  • 20. 4. Freedom of Panorama http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zephyr_%28sculpture%29 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WPSPA
  • 21. 5. Copyright in collections and in scans
  • 22. Feist v. Rural Telephone (1991) Bridgeman v. Corel (1999) Originality v. “Sweat of the brow”
  • 23. Some obviously haven’t heard about this law... This is the Frick Collection’s copyright statement. Is it deliberately flouting New York law?
  • 24. To take something that is the public’s* and to make access restrictions on its digital manifestation that would not be countenanced for the original object is effectively... De-accessioning by Copyright ...and just like real-life de-accessioning in museums it’s sometimes necessary. But neither activity should be done just because some money can be made. *in a publicly funded collection and/or in the Public Domain
  • 25. Paying a license fee sometimes feels like a papal indulgence. It’s often not to cover costs, but to make a problem disappear. I don’t mind paying for staff time and materials. I do mind paying for access to already digitised and Public Domain material and having to sign a usage contract in order to receive it.
  • 26. The kind of things some claim copyright over! (examples) http://en.wikisource.org/ wiki/Agamemnon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ File:Berlin_Diplodocus.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ File:Illuminated.bible.closeup.arp.jpg
  • 27. Wikimedia takes a stand, so you don’t have to. :-)
  • 28. Peace, Love & Metadata liamwyatt@gmail.com [[user:witty lama]] @wittylama www.wittylama.com/blog