Massive Open Online
Learning together in digital modes
What is a mooc?
MOOCs are topic based and support network learning in which Internet
plays a vital role in daily activities.
Participants all over the world
Discussions are held in the online media and Outcome determined by
involvement and participation
This means you learn in your own space, time and how ever you want,
therefore learning what interests you.
It Provides experiences that prepare future teachers for education in
the digital age and for work in the knowledge of the economy.
Connectivism is the combined effect of three components: chaos
theory, networks, and the interplay of complexity and self-organization
What is a mooc?
The term MOOC was coined by Dave
Cormier or Bryan Alexander (Alexander,
2008; Cormier, 2008; Daniel, 2012; Masters
& Qaboos, 2011; G. Siemens, 2012a) to
describe a course on Connectivism (CCK08)
organized by George Siemens and Stephen
Downers in 2008, which attracted 2,200
participants (Downes, 2010).
A brief history of moocs
2004: George Siemens & Stephen Downes develop
theory of Connectivism, “the thesis that knowledge
is distributed across a network of connections, and
therefore that learning consists of the ability to
construct and traverse those networks (Downes,
Massive Open Online courses were created to help
students learn and stay connected, The first course -
“Connectivism and Connective Knowledge.
SO ………..WHY MOOC?
MOOCs can profile
an institution as a
accessible to the
a range of MOO
Institutions have a
range of subject
areas that are
specific to their
region e.g. HK SAR /
China context and
HKU can showcase
The MOOC LANGUAGE’
Massive, focus and
Self passed, role
of the instructor
Courses available online
Advantages and disadvantages of mooc
Free unless college credit is
Learning is informal and at
student’s own pace
Computer and internet access are
only resources needed
Students can share work, critique
others and receive feedback
Great instructors without high
tuition of host school
moocs involve costs, sometimes
Limited real-world engagement
Academic dishonesty possible
Students must learn to be
responsible for their own learning
4 types of MOOC activities
Aggregate – read, watch and play with various resources
Remix – keep track of it all, using various (web) technologies of one’s choice
Repurpose – constructing personal accounts, composing own thoughts,
creating new understandings of the course subject
Feed Forward – share the learning with others, when and where each person
chooses to do so
Higher Education - Broader audience, Better informed students
Tertiary institutions will have to follow
Challenge in Africa
Types of moocs
Multiple technologies – 12 in this first MOOC – are used to
connect people participating in the course.
Based on a Connectivist Learning Theory
On the fringes but cutting edge in terms of pedagogy and
Students working collaboratively both in classroom
Founded in the fall of 2011 by Daphne Koller (Stanford) and Andrew Ng (Stanford)
and was launched in April 2012 after significant venture capital funding was
secured (MarketWire, 2012).
Grounded in behaviorist learning theory with some cognitive components and
some constructivist components.
This means transmission style teaching with drill and practice, problem sets and
e.g. discussion forums.
Uses a limited range of technologies and could be thought of in terms of LMS as
Very much in the mainstream with monetization a key component.
There is a lack of pedagogical focus which may have to do with the fact that
Coursera institutions consider MOOCs to be a side line activity rather than a way
to explore new / better teaching and learning models (Armstrong, 2012; Daniel,
the X signifying excellence, external outreach, exploration, experimentation
and expansion (Rodrick & Sun, 2012) – holds for edX which has grown out of a
tradition of exploring online teaching and learning (Daniel, 2012).
At the time of writing edX has 33 courses (edX, 2013a) offered by HarvardX,
MITx and BerkeleyX.
Beginning in fall 2013, edX will offer courses from another 11 universities. In
2014, edX will expand further through offering courses from an additional 9
Much more selective than Coursera and will cap when they have recruited
the best universities in the world.
EdX is making statements about courses designed specifically for the web
Underlying pedagogies / technologies may not be that different at the
moment but there seems to be an ongoing commitment to quality content
creation / exploring technologies for effective teaching.
My fields of interest
I would like to get to know the c Moose course because it
is interesting to be able to connect to other people
As I will so like to pursue this field I will be able to get
answer on these following questions.
What are the pedagogies that underpin the MOOC?
What use is being made of technologies in the MOOC?
What is the underlying philosophy / ethos of the MOOC?
All these are what a moose is all about and what it is all
Wiley, David. "The MOOC Misnomer". July 2012
Jump up ^ Cheverie, Joan. "MOOCs an Intellectual Property: Ownership and
Use Rights". Retrieved 18 April 2013.
Jump up ^ David F Carr (20 August 2013). "Udacity hedges on open licensing
for MOOCs". Information Week. Retrieved 21 August 2013
Saettler, L. Paul (1968). A History of Instructional Technology. New York:
McGraw Hill. ISBN 0070544107.
Jump up ^ J.J. Clark, "The Correspondence School—Its Relation to Technical
Education and Some of Its Results," Science (1906) 24#611 pp. 327–334 in
Jump up ^ Joseph F. Kett, Pursuit of Knowledge Under Difficulties: From Self-
Improvement to Adult Education in America (1996) pp 236–8
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