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Project Rwanda Genocide Wisp T50
 

Project Rwanda Genocide Wisp T50

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  • Firstly, why and how did the Tutsis get removed of their power in 1962 when Rwanda gained independence? Next, what do you think the Belgium Colony should do instead of introducing a classification system which caused social inequality between the Tutsis and Hutus? Lastly, on slide 16, you talk about foreigners in Singapore. How does low birth rate led to more foreigners from poorer countries come to Singapore?
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  • when rwanda gain independence, and resulting the tutsis being remove from their power. why aren't the hutus satisfied? And with both president and prime minister being pro hutus why where they assassinated by their own people(hutus)? aren't the hutus suppose to be happy ,that finally they are in control of their own country? what was the real reason behind the genocide? was it really because of the hate that the hutus have for the tutsis? or is it just a cover up or excuse , for the power fights between the different private armies scattered around rwanda?
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  • What would actually happen to Singapore in the near future if such discrimination is not prevented in Singapore. What are the consequences if we do not prevent this from occuring. Furthermore, was there other contributing factors other than the stripping of power of the Tutis that lead to the civil war.
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  • -Rwanda was formally a Belgium colony
  • Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF)
  • Catalysis = boiling point or time bomb that triggered the genocide
  • Burdened to give birth
  • Increase birth rate by giving family welfare such as free education until university level, government subsidize to lighten the family burden; solve the importing foreign bride from poorer countries.To avoid the genetic engineering, we suggest to set a law

Project Rwanda Genocide Wisp T50 Project Rwanda Genocide Wisp T50 Presentation Transcript

  • Rwanda Genocide
    Done by:
    Zhu Zheng
    Chen Chun
    Adeline Siu
    Clarissa Wee
  • Content
    Introduction
    Rwanda’s History
    What was not right with Rwanda in 1991?
    What about present day Singapore?
    What can we do to prevent the imagined future of 2061 from becoming a reality?
    References
  • Introduction
    What is Rwanda Genocide ?
    Lasted for 100 days starting from April 6 to mid-July 1994.
    Mass killings of thousands of Tutsis conducted by a Hutu power group known as the Akazu.
    Resulted in death toll of 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis.
  • Rwanda’s History
    Formally a Belgium Colony.
    People have been classified into 2 classes: Hutus (majority) and Tutsis (minority).
    Tutsis described as having noses similar to Europeans.
    Hutus are less wealthy and have more prominent African features.
  • Rwanda’s History
    • A classification system based on class was established.
    • Belgians felt that the colony would be better governed by this hierarchy.
    • Tutsis were given more power and higher authority in governance.
    • Most Hutus were less wealthy and a majority of them were farmers.
  • Significant events leading to genocide
    1962
    Tutsis were removed of their power when Rwanda gained independence.
    Civil war broke out between the Rwanda Patriotic
    Front (RPF) and Coalition for the Defense of the Republic led by the president. (Mr. Habyarimana)
    1991
  • Significant events leading to genocide
    1994
    Assassination of President
    (JuvénalHabyarimana) on 6 April.
    Assassination of prime minister,
    (AgatheUwilingiyimana) on 7 April.
    Evacuation of foreign personnel by Belgium and France.
    With no opposition left, the Hutus gained power
  • Preparation for Genocide
    Rwanda Militia was assembled and numbered around 30 000
    Militia members armed with AK-47
    Volunteer groups like the Interahamwe
    and Impuzamugambi were formed and
    armed with machetes.
  • Media propagation
    • Described Tutsis as cockroaches
    • Tutsi women are described as sexual weapons used by the Tutsis to weaken Hutu men
    • Cartoons that depict women as sexual objects were printed in newspaper.
    • Incited war rapes
  • Rape War
    • Rape was systematic and was used as a weapon to destroy the Tutsi ethnic group.
    • Tutsi women were characterized as a threat to the homogeneity of Hutu descent and were used as the prelude to a call for Hutu ethnic unity.
    • Due to gender-based hate propaganda,
    the Hutu uses rape to show that Tutsi
    women are less regarded.
    • The Hutu wanted to destroy Tutsi women to prevent offsprings
  • How It Ended
    • Ended in July 1994.
    • The RPF rebels overthrew the Hutu government regime under Jean Kambanda.
    • Almost every girl who survived the genocide in Rwanda have been raped.
    • 2 million people who participated in the genocide , including Hutus, fled the country.
    • Many leaders who led the genocide are still at large today.
  • Analysis Results (Social)
    • Genocide would not have started if the Belgians did not classify the various classes as this gives more privileges to the tutsis.
    • It is a form of social discrimination
    • Genocide will leave a scar on the future generation
  • Analysis Results (Economical)
    Evacuation of foreign people meant decrease in tourism
    Rwanda relies on farming and majority of farmers are Hutus, therefore a decrease in agriculture income.
  • Analysis Results (Political)
    Hutus and Tutsis not given equal opportunity
    The government under President JuvénalHabyarimana policies were Pro-Hutu
    The Assassination of President JuvénalHabyarimana was the catalyst
  • What about Present Day Singapore?Rwanda Vs Singapore (2009)
    Social factors
    Political factors
    Economic factors
  • Social Factors
    Singapore
    Low Birth Rate led to foreigners coming from poorer countries.
    Many Singaporeans look down on the foreigners and judge them for their lack of social etiquette.
    Rwanda
    Similar to Rwanda stereotyping of Hutus and Tutsis.
  • Prejudice Discrimination
    Too many foreigners may lead to Singaporeans discriminating against them.
    Foreigners might be unhappy and
    may lead to internal conflicts such as
    riots or war.
  • Social Factors
    Singapore
    Majority of high positions in
    companies are occupied by male.
    Females are seen as incapable as compared to males and are more family oriented.
    Rwanda
    Discrimination of Tutsi women
    Use of Tutsi women as part of anti Tutsi propaganda.
  • Prejudice Discrimination
    Discrimination of women may lead to low birth rate in Singapore.
    Women will be more determined and concentrated to achieve high post.
    Less concentrated on family.
  • Political Factors
    Singapore
    Singapore government is predominantly Chinese.
    Other races are given less opportunity to occupy a high post.
    Rwanda
    Similar to the current predominant Tutsi government.
  • Prejudice Discrimination
    Other races may feel that there is inequality
    Race riots may happen
  • Economic Factors
    Singapore
    Singapore depend on the tourism industry.
    Riots will affect our economy.
    Rwanda
    Rwanda economy relies on farming.
    During the war, there was a shortage of food.
  • What can we do to prevent the imagined future of 2061 from becoming a reality?
  • Solutions
    To Prevent Low Birth Rate
    • Government subsidize more on education and upbringing of child.
    • Less discrimination to women by giving them higher posts and more flexibility to work from home during maternity
    Challenge
    • Companies may not be willing to give female employees more benefits such as maternity leave as it will waste company resources.
  • Solutions
    To Even Out Gender Ratio
    • Implement a law that states that after giving birth to 2 children, genetic engineering can be used for their 3rd child
    • This also increases birth rate
    Challenge
    • People will be tempted to go overseas for genetic engineering.
  • Solutions
    To Prevent Racism
    • Give other races more high posts in the government
    • Find a better solution to educate Singaporeans that racism is a crime
    Challenge
    • Minority races will favour their own race
  • References
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Rwanda
    http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0860865.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Rwanda
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Genocide
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230.stm
    http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB53/index.html
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_of_Tutsi_and_Hutu
    http://theonlinecitizen.com/2006/12/singapores-declining-birth-rate/
    http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/singapor/natur.htm