Content Introduction Rwanda’s History What was not right with Rwanda in 1991? What about present day Singapore? What can we do to prevent the imagined future of 2061 from becoming a reality? References
Introduction What is Rwanda Genocide ? Lasted for 100 days starting from April 6 to mid-July 1994. Mass killings of thousands of Tutsis conducted by a Hutu power group known as the Akazu. Resulted in death toll of 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis.
Rwanda’s History Formally a Belgium Colony. People have been classified into 2 classes: Hutus (majority) and Tutsis (minority). Tutsis described as having noses similar to Europeans. Hutus are less wealthy and have more prominent African features.
A classification system based on class was established.
Belgians felt that the colony would be better governed by this hierarchy.
Tutsis were given more power and higher authority in governance.
Most Hutus were less wealthy and a majority of them were farmers.
Significant events leading to genocide 1962 Tutsis were removed of their power when Rwanda gained independence. Civil war broke out between the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) and Coalition for the Defense of the Republic led by the president. (Mr. Habyarimana) 1991
Significant events leading to genocide 1994 Assassination of President (JuvénalHabyarimana) on 6 April. Assassination of prime minister, (AgatheUwilingiyimana) on 7 April. Evacuation of foreign personnel by Belgium and France. With no opposition left, the Hutus gained power
Preparation for Genocide Rwanda Militia was assembled and numbered around 30 000 Militia members armed with AK-47 Volunteer groups like the Interahamwe and Impuzamugambi were formed and armed with machetes.
Described Tutsis as cockroaches
Tutsi women are described as sexual weapons used by the Tutsis to weaken Hutu men
Cartoons that depict women as sexual objects were printed in newspaper.
Incited war rapes
Rape was systematic and was used as a weapon to destroy the Tutsi ethnic group.
Tutsi women were characterized as a threat to the homogeneity of Hutu descent and were used as the prelude to a call for Hutu ethnic unity.
Due to gender-based hate propaganda,
the Hutu uses rape to show that Tutsi women are less regarded.
The Hutu wanted to destroy Tutsi women to prevent offsprings
How It Ended
Ended in July 1994.
The RPF rebels overthrew the Hutu government regime under Jean Kambanda.
Almost every girl who survived the genocide in Rwanda have been raped.
2 million people who participated in the genocide , including Hutus, fled the country.
Many leaders who led the genocide are still at large today.
Analysis Results (Social)
Genocide would not have started if the Belgians did not classify the various classes as this gives more privileges to the tutsis.
It is a form of social discrimination
Genocide will leave a scar on the future generation
Analysis Results (Economical) Evacuation of foreign people meant decrease in tourism Rwanda relies on farming and majority of farmers are Hutus, therefore a decrease in agriculture income.
Analysis Results (Political) Hutus and Tutsis not given equal opportunity The government under President JuvénalHabyarimana policies were Pro-Hutu The Assassination of President JuvénalHabyarimana was the catalyst
What about Present Day Singapore?Rwanda Vs Singapore (2009) Social factors Political factors Economic factors
Social Factors Singapore Low Birth Rate led to foreigners coming from poorer countries. Many Singaporeans look down on the foreigners and judge them for their lack of social etiquette. Rwanda Similar to Rwanda stereotyping of Hutus and Tutsis.
Prejudice Discrimination Too many foreigners may lead to Singaporeans discriminating against them. Foreigners might be unhappy and may lead to internal conflicts such as riots or war.
Social Factors Singapore Majority of high positions in companies are occupied by male. Females are seen as incapable as compared to males and are more family oriented. Rwanda Discrimination of Tutsi women Use of Tutsi women as part of anti Tutsi propaganda.
Prejudice Discrimination Discrimination of women may lead to low birth rate in Singapore. Women will be more determined and concentrated to achieve high post. Less concentrated on family.
Political Factors Singapore Singapore government is predominantly Chinese. Other races are given less opportunity to occupy a high post. Rwanda Similar to the current predominant Tutsi government.
Prejudice Discrimination Other races may feel that there is inequality Race riots may happen
Economic Factors Singapore Singapore depend on the tourism industry. Riots will affect our economy. Rwanda Rwanda economy relies on farming. During the war, there was a shortage of food.
What can we do to prevent the imagined future of 2061 from becoming a reality?
Solutions To Prevent Low Birth Rate
Government subsidize more on education and upbringing of child.
Less discrimination to women by giving them higher posts and more flexibility to work from home during maternity
Companies may not be willing to give female employees more benefits such as maternity leave as it will waste company resources.
Solutions To Even Out Gender Ratio
Implement a law that states that after giving birth to 2 children, genetic engineering can be used for their 3rd child
This also increases birth rate
People will be tempted to go overseas for genetic engineering.
Solutions To Prevent Racism
Give other races more high posts in the government
Find a better solution to educate Singaporeans that racism is a crime