Rwanda Genocide<br />Done by:<br />Zhu Zheng<br />Chen Chun<br />Adeline Siu<br />Clarissa Wee<br />
Content<br />Introduction<br />Rwanda’s History<br />What was not right with Rwanda in 1991?<br />What about present day S...
Introduction<br />What is Rwanda Genocide ?<br />Lasted for 100 days starting from April 6 to mid-July 1994.<br />Mass kil...
Rwanda’s History<br />Formally a Belgium Colony.<br />People have been classified into 2 classes: Hutus (majority) and Tut...
Rwanda’s History<br /><ul><li>A classification system based on class was established.
Belgians felt that the colony would be better governed by this hierarchy.
Tutsis were given more power and higher authority in governance.
Most Hutus were less wealthy and a majority of them were farmers.</li></li></ul><li>Significant events leading to genocide...
Significant events leading to genocide<br />1994<br />Assassination of President  <br />     (JuvénalHabyarimana) on 6 Apr...
Preparation for Genocide<br />Rwanda Militia was assembled and numbered around 30 000<br />Militia members armed with AK-4...
Media propagation<br /><ul><li>Described Tutsis as cockroaches
Tutsi women are described as sexual weapons used by the Tutsis to weaken Hutu men
Cartoons that depict women as sexual objects were printed in newspaper.
Incited war rapes</li></li></ul><li>Rape War<br /><ul><li>Rape was systematic and was used as a weapon to destroy the Tuts...
Tutsi women were characterized as a threat to the homogeneity of Hutu descent and were used as the prelude to a call for H...
Due to gender-based hate propaganda, </li></ul>      the Hutu uses rape  to show that Tutsi <br />      women are less reg...
The RPF rebels overthrew the Hutu government regime under Jean Kambanda.
Almost every girl who survived the genocide in Rwanda have been raped.
2 million people who participated in the genocide , including Hutus, fled the country.
Many leaders who led the genocide are still at large today.</li></li></ul><li>Analysis Results (Social)<br /><ul><li>Genoc...
It is a form of social discrimination
Genocide will leave a scar on the future generation</li></li></ul><li>Analysis Results (Economical)<br />Evacuation of for...
Analysis Results (Political)<br />Hutus and Tutsis not given equal opportunity<br />The government under President Juvénal...
What about Present Day Singapore?Rwanda Vs Singapore (2009)<br />Social factors<br />Political factors<br />Economic facto...
Social Factors<br />Singapore<br />Low Birth Rate led to foreigners coming from  poorer countries. <br />Many Singaporeans...
Prejudice                   Discrimination<br />Too many foreigners may lead to Singaporeans discriminating against them.<...
Social Factors<br />Singapore<br />Majority of high positions in <br />    companies are occupied by male.<br />Females ar...
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Project Rwanda Genocide Wisp T50

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  • my names are INTWALI GERMAIN and i'm a university student from University of Rwanda. the real reason for The genocide committed against Tutsis is no the assasination of the former president( HABYALIMANA) ; instead they used the crush of the plane ( handled by Hutu power group that these collegues called AKAZU ) as a sign to show the world that this mass killing has a reason.
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  • Firstly, why and how did the Tutsis get removed of their power in 1962 when Rwanda gained independence? Next, what do you think the Belgium Colony should do instead of introducing a classification system which caused social inequality between the Tutsis and Hutus? Lastly, on slide 16, you talk about foreigners in Singapore. How does low birth rate led to more foreigners from poorer countries come to Singapore?
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  • when rwanda gain independence, and resulting the tutsis being remove from their power. why aren't the hutus satisfied? And with both president and prime minister being pro hutus why where they assassinated by their own people(hutus)? aren't the hutus suppose to be happy ,that finally they are in control of their own country? what was the real reason behind the genocide? was it really because of the hate that the hutus have for the tutsis? or is it just a cover up or excuse , for the power fights between the different private armies scattered around rwanda?
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  • What would actually happen to Singapore in the near future if such discrimination is not prevented in Singapore. What are the consequences if we do not prevent this from occuring. Furthermore, was there other contributing factors other than the stripping of power of the Tutis that lead to the civil war.
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  • -Rwanda was formally a Belgium colony
  • Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF)
  • Catalysis = boiling point or time bomb that triggered the genocide
  • Burdened to give birth
  • Increase birth rate by giving family welfare such as free education until university level, government subsidize to lighten the family burden; solve the importing foreign bride from poorer countries.To avoid the genetic engineering, we suggest to set a law
  • Project Rwanda Genocide Wisp T50

    1. 1. Rwanda Genocide<br />Done by:<br />Zhu Zheng<br />Chen Chun<br />Adeline Siu<br />Clarissa Wee<br />
    2. 2. Content<br />Introduction<br />Rwanda’s History<br />What was not right with Rwanda in 1991?<br />What about present day Singapore?<br />What can we do to prevent the imagined future of 2061 from becoming a reality?<br />References<br />
    3. 3. Introduction<br />What is Rwanda Genocide ?<br />Lasted for 100 days starting from April 6 to mid-July 1994.<br />Mass killings of thousands of Tutsis conducted by a Hutu power group known as the Akazu.<br />Resulted in death toll of 800,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis.<br />
    4. 4. Rwanda’s History<br />Formally a Belgium Colony.<br />People have been classified into 2 classes: Hutus (majority) and Tutsis (minority).<br />Tutsis described as having noses similar to Europeans.<br />Hutus are less wealthy and have more prominent African features.<br />
    5. 5. Rwanda’s History<br /><ul><li>A classification system based on class was established.
    6. 6. Belgians felt that the colony would be better governed by this hierarchy.
    7. 7. Tutsis were given more power and higher authority in governance.
    8. 8. Most Hutus were less wealthy and a majority of them were farmers.</li></li></ul><li>Significant events leading to genocide<br />1962<br />Tutsis were removed of their power when Rwanda gained independence.<br />Civil war broke out between the Rwanda Patriotic <br /> Front (RPF) and Coalition for the Defense of the Republic led by the president. (Mr. Habyarimana)<br />1991<br />
    9. 9. Significant events leading to genocide<br />1994<br />Assassination of President <br /> (JuvénalHabyarimana) on 6 April.<br />Assassination of prime minister,<br /> (AgatheUwilingiyimana) on 7 April.<br />Evacuation of foreign personnel by Belgium and France.<br />With no opposition left, the Hutus gained power<br />
    10. 10. Preparation for Genocide<br />Rwanda Militia was assembled and numbered around 30 000<br />Militia members armed with AK-47<br />Volunteer groups like the Interahamwe<br /> and Impuzamugambi were formed and <br /> armed with machetes.<br />
    11. 11. Media propagation<br /><ul><li>Described Tutsis as cockroaches
    12. 12. Tutsi women are described as sexual weapons used by the Tutsis to weaken Hutu men
    13. 13. Cartoons that depict women as sexual objects were printed in newspaper.
    14. 14. Incited war rapes</li></li></ul><li>Rape War<br /><ul><li>Rape was systematic and was used as a weapon to destroy the Tutsi ethnic group.
    15. 15. Tutsi women were characterized as a threat to the homogeneity of Hutu descent and were used as the prelude to a call for Hutu ethnic unity.
    16. 16. Due to gender-based hate propaganda, </li></ul> the Hutu uses rape to show that Tutsi <br /> women are less regarded.<br /><ul><li>The Hutu wanted to destroy Tutsi women to prevent offsprings</li></li></ul><li>How It Ended<br /><ul><li>Ended in July 1994.
    17. 17. The RPF rebels overthrew the Hutu government regime under Jean Kambanda.
    18. 18. Almost every girl who survived the genocide in Rwanda have been raped.
    19. 19. 2 million people who participated in the genocide , including Hutus, fled the country.
    20. 20. Many leaders who led the genocide are still at large today.</li></li></ul><li>Analysis Results (Social)<br /><ul><li>Genocide would not have started if the Belgians did not classify the various classes as this gives more privileges to the tutsis.
    21. 21. It is a form of social discrimination
    22. 22. Genocide will leave a scar on the future generation</li></li></ul><li>Analysis Results (Economical)<br />Evacuation of foreign people meant decrease in tourism<br />Rwanda relies on farming and majority of farmers are Hutus, therefore a decrease in agriculture income.<br />
    23. 23. Analysis Results (Political)<br />Hutus and Tutsis not given equal opportunity<br />The government under President JuvénalHabyarimana policies were Pro-Hutu<br />The Assassination of President JuvénalHabyarimana was the catalyst<br />
    24. 24. What about Present Day Singapore?Rwanda Vs Singapore (2009)<br />Social factors<br />Political factors<br />Economic factors<br />
    25. 25. Social Factors<br />Singapore<br />Low Birth Rate led to foreigners coming from poorer countries. <br />Many Singaporeans look down on the foreigners and judge them for their lack of social etiquette.<br />Rwanda<br />Similar to Rwanda stereotyping of Hutus and Tutsis.<br />
    26. 26. Prejudice Discrimination<br />Too many foreigners may lead to Singaporeans discriminating against them.<br />Foreigners might be unhappy and <br /> may lead to internal conflicts such as <br /> riots or war.<br />
    27. 27. Social Factors<br />Singapore<br />Majority of high positions in <br /> companies are occupied by male.<br />Females are seen as incapable as compared to males and are more family oriented.<br />Rwanda<br />Discrimination of Tutsi women<br />Use of Tutsi women as part of anti Tutsi propaganda.<br />
    28. 28. Prejudice Discrimination<br />Discrimination of women may lead to low birth rate in Singapore.<br />Women will be more determined and concentrated to achieve high post.<br />Less concentrated on family.<br />
    29. 29. Political Factors<br />Singapore<br />Singapore government is predominantly Chinese.<br />Other races are given less opportunity to occupy a high post.<br />Rwanda<br />Similar to the current predominant Tutsi government.<br />
    30. 30. Prejudice Discrimination<br />Other races may feel that there is inequality<br />Race riots may happen<br />
    31. 31. Economic Factors<br />Singapore<br />Singapore depend on the tourism industry.<br />Riots will affect our economy.<br />Rwanda<br />Rwanda economy relies on farming.<br />During the war, there was a shortage of food.<br />
    32. 32. What can we do to prevent the imagined future of 2061 from becoming a reality?<br />
    33. 33. Solutions<br />To Prevent Low Birth Rate<br /><ul><li>Government subsidize more on education and upbringing of child.
    34. 34. Less discrimination to women by giving them higher posts and more flexibility to work from home during maternity</li></ul>Challenge<br /><ul><li>Companies may not be willing to give female employees more benefits such as maternity leave as it will waste company resources.</li></li></ul><li>Solutions<br />To Even Out Gender Ratio<br /><ul><li>Implement a law that states that after giving birth to 2 children, genetic engineering can be used for their 3rd child
    35. 35. This also increases birth rate</li></ul>Challenge<br /><ul><li>People will be tempted to go overseas for genetic engineering.</li></li></ul><li>Solutions<br />To Prevent Racism<br /><ul><li>Give other races more high posts in the government
    36. 36. Find a better solution to educate Singaporeans that racism is a crime</li></ul>Challenge<br /><ul><li> Minority races will favour their own race</li></li></ul><li>References <br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Rwanda<br />http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0860865.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Rwanda<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwandan_Genocide<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1288230.stm<br />http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB53/index.html<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origins_of_Tutsi_and_Hutu<br />http://theonlinecitizen.com/2006/12/singapores-declining-birth-rate/<br />http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/singapor/natur.htm<br />
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