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Assistive Technology by J.Mitchell

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  • 1. Overview0 Over 50 million Americans reported having a disability at the beginning of the 21st century0 According to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, students with disabilities cannot be denied access to education at any institution receiving federal funds At the K-12 level, students with special How can needs may be eligible for an individualized education program (IEP) institutions of At the postsecondary level, students learning with special needs can work with their institution’s office of disability services address this? to secure resources that support them academically
  • 2. UnderstandingStudents’ Needs
  • 3. 0 According to kidshealth.org, an IEP sets academic goals for students (Barach, 2011)0 One or more special services are provided to address the student’s need(s) as it relates to reaching the outlined goals in the IEP0 Many students who have an IEP work with a team of professionals who work to evaluate the student’s progress
  • 4. 0 At the postsecondary level, students have the option of whether or not to formally declare their disability0 According to SciTrainU, many students have difficulty transitioning from secondary to postsecondary schools because the level of assistance is much less personalized0 Most postsecondary institutions have an office of disability services that provide accommodations such as notetaking assistance, interpreter services, preferential seating in class, and alternative testing environments
  • 5. Needs You May Encounter When Working with a Diverse Student Population
  • 6. 0 Attention-Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD): Student may be impulsive, hyperactive, unable to focus for long periods of time and their work may lack attention to detail0 Vision Impairments: Student has some level of vision loss; according to CDC, vision loss indicates that eyesight is not corrected to a normal level (www.cdc.gov)0 Hearing Impairments: According to kidshealth.org, “a mild or partial hearing loss can affect a child’s ability to speak and understand language” (Morlet, 2012)0 Mild Learning Disabilities: Neurological disorder that may lead to difficulty reading, writing, spelling, reasoning or recalling information (http://www.ldonline.org/ldbasics/whatisld)
  • 7. Universal Design “Universal design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design." –Ron Mace, Founder, Center for Universal Design
  • 8. 0 A good approach to working with students with various abilities is to adopt Universal Design for Learning (UDL), which allows for adaptability in the ways learning goals are achieved0 Utilize a variety of media and tools to present concepts and topics0 Provide students options to demonstrate their understanding and learned skills0 Assorted instructional strategies implemented to allow for classroom engagement through diverse means0 Assistive technology utilized to make general education classrooms inclusive for students with special needs
  • 9. Assistive Technology Leveling the Learning Field “Assistive Technology promotes greater independence by enabling people to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing, by providing enhancements to, or changing methods of interacting with, the technology needed to accomplish such tasks.” -Wikipedia
  • 10. Need Assistive Technologies graphic organizers, PDA, digital pen, word prediction software, word dictation software, ADHD one-to-one communicator hearing aids, FM systems, induction loop system, one-to-one communicatorHearing Impairment digital pen, word prediction software, word dictation software, touchscreen Mild Learning computers/tablets, Disabilities talking dictionaries, large print textbooks, large print & talking calculators, screen readingVision Impairment and text enlargement programs, provide audio recordings of lectures, OCR software, text- to-speech softwareReview the online resources on the next slide to find out more about how theseassistive technologies work for students.
  • 11. Online Resources Be Informed!http://www.additudemag.com/http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/treatment/assist_tech.htmhttp://www.catea.gatech.edu/scitrainU/modules/module1_1.phphttp://www.clayton.edu/disability/accommodationshttp://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/pdf/parents_pdfs/VisionLossFactSheet.pdfhttp://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.htmlhttp://kidshealth.org/parent/general/eyes/hear.htmlhttp://www.ldonline.org/article/8088http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technologyhttp://www.udlcenter.org/
  • 12. ReferencesAccessible stem teaching 101. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.catea.gatech.edu/scitrainU/modules/module1_1.phpAssistive technology. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technologyAttention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (adhd). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/Bachrach, S. (2011, May). Individualized education programs. Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.htmlBehrmann, M., & Kinas, M. (2002, February 01). Assistive technology for students with mild disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.ericdigests.org/2003-1/assistive.htmFrancis, N.J., Salzman, A., Polomsky, D., & Huffman, E. (2007). Accomodations for a student with a physical disability in a professional physical therapist education program. Journal of Physical Therapy Education, 21(2), 60-65.Hearing assistive technology. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/treatment/assist_tech.htmHelp for young learners: How to choose at?. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/8088Kottak, C.P., & Kozaitis, K.A. (Eds.). (2012). On being different: Diversity & multiculturalism in the North American mainstream (4th edition). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.Morlet, T. (2012, May). Hearing evaluation in children. Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/parent/general/eyes/hear.htmlVision loss fact sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/actearly/pdf/parents_pdfs/VisionLossFactSheet.pdf