World War 1

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World War 1

  1. 1. World War 1 and the United States By Matt Wise Clipart by Microsoft
  2. 2. Europe in the Early 20 th Century <ul><li>Time of Great Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology, Human Rights, Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Growing Populations </li></ul><ul><li>Expansionist Idea </li></ul>
  3. 3. United States During the early 20 th Century <ul><li>Rise of Big Business </li></ul><ul><li>Racial Tensions </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolationism </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of World War 1 <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Competition between Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nationalism <ul><li>Pride in ones own country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unifying factor within a country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Own country is seen as superior </li></ul><ul><li>Causes tension between nations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Competition <ul><li>Countries Competing for Dominance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonization of new lands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Competitive Industry and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Competing to be the Best </li></ul>
  7. 7. Militarism <ul><li>The Buildup of the Armed Forces </li></ul><ul><li>New Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population Increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for Bigger Armies </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Alliances <ul><li>Triple Entente </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UK, France, Russia, and the US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Triple Alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Large Nations against each other </li></ul>
  9. 9. Spark that Started the War <ul><li>Assassination of Austrian Archduke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Franz Ferdinand on June 28, 1914 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbian Terrorists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alliances Declare War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start of WW1 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Major Conflicts <ul><li>Marne: 2 Battles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 6 1914 and again in 1918 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ypres </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct 14, 1914 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feb 3 1915 Picture: PhillipC., “World War 1 Tank, Masterton, New Zealand, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>April 2009”. May 7, 2009. via Flickr on Creative Commons </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. America and WW1 <ul><li>Isolationism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay out of European Conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Neutral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could Trade With Both Sides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British Blockade Stopped German Supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germans use Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. America Enters the War <ul><li>Unrestricted German U-Boat Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Lusitania 1915 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sunk by German Sub in Atlantic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>128 Americans Died </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Telegram-Jan 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>US enters the war on April 6, 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Picture: bobster885., “Recruiting Poster, 1915”., March 17, 2009 via Flickr on Creative Commons </li></ul>
  13. 13. America in the War <ul><li>Draft 4 million men </li></ul><ul><li>Huge Industrial Boom </li></ul><ul><li>Sent Supplies and Men to Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Major Battles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Battle of the Marne 1918 </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. End of the War <ul><li>Germany Surrendered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armistice on Nov 11, 1918 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Casualties: 37 million total </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16 million deaths, 21 million wounded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles-June 28, 1918 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany responsible for war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay reparations </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Wilsons 14 Point Plan <ul><li>Wilson’s plan of peace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty to make all people safe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early United Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Community </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fails to ratify the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will not join League of Nations </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Closing <ul><li>WW1 left Europe torn apart </li></ul><ul><li>US starts to rise as a world power </li></ul><ul><li>European Economic Depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to future rise of dictators </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Sources <ul><li>Boyer, Paul S., Clark, Clifford E., Hawley, Sandra., Kett, Joseph F., Rieser, Andrew., Salisbusy, Neal.,Sitkoff, Harvard., & Woloch, Nancy. (2010). The Enduring Vision: A history of the American People. Boston: Wadsworth </li></ul><ul><li>PBS.(1996-2004). The great war and the shaping of the 20 th century. Retrieved October 3, 2009. from: PBS at: http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/ </li></ul>

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