28. isdr ono

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28. isdr ono

  1. 1. Progress at Global and Regional Levels for the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework and Development with Strengthened ISDR system6 November 2006, First World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Natural Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Coordination Meeting Yuichi Ono International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)1 www.unisdr.org
  2. 2. Disaster trends – rising and changing Great "Natural" Disasters 1950-2005 © 2006 NatCatSERVICE, Geo Risks Research, Munich Re Over last decade: 900,000 dead, US$ 570B Economic and insured losses with trends 200 losses, 2,600 million people affected, poor 180 160 people and countries most affected, most 140 disasters are weather or climate related 120 100 80 60 Number of People Killed(Income Class/Disaster Type) (1975-2000) World Summary 40 20 Low Income Low income 0 1,347,504(67.98%) 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 I n c o m e C las sLower-middle income Lower Middle Income 520,418(26.25%) Growth over period;Upper-middle income Upper Middle Income 87,414(4.41%) 1990s versus 1960s High income High Income 27,010(1.36%) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 Number of events 2.3 Number of People Killed(000s) Dro ught Earthquak e Epide mic Flo o d Slide Vo lcano Wind sto rm Othe rs Economic losses 7.0 Insured losses 15.7 2
  3. 3. Climate Change and Extremes“Costs of extreme weather alone could reach0.5 - 1% of world GDP per annum by themiddle of the century, and will keep rising if theworld continues to warm.”“Climate change is happening and measuresto help people adapt to it are essential. And theless mitigation we do now, the greater thedifficulty of continuing to adapt in future.”STERN REVIEW: The Economics of Climate Change, Peter Webster et al.2006 3
  4. 4. Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015:Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters Agreed by 168 Governments at the second World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18 – 22 January, 2005 Strategic goals  Disaster reduction is essential for sustainable development  Strengthen institutions (especially in communities) to build resilience  Build risk reduction into emergency management and recovery 4
  5. 5. Disaster reduction – Hyogo Framework for ActionFive priorities for actions: 1.- Ensure that disaster risk reduction in a national & local priority- strong institutional basis 2.- Identify, assess & monitor risk- enhance early warning 3.- Use knowledge, innovation & education to build culture of safety 4.- Reduce underlying risk factors 5.- Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response 5
  6. 6. National levelAs reported to ISDR secretariatAt least 90 national Hyogo Framework focal pointsdesignated More than 35 countries have developed andestablished a National PlatformMeetings among national platforms in Africa, andamong regions (in Pretoria, October 2006) 6
  7. 7. Regional levelRegional strategies -Asia (Beijing Plan of Action), Ministerial meetings (China 2005; India 2007) -Africa (AU/NEPAD), Ministerial meetings (2006, 2007), -Europe (Council of Europe), -Pacific (Madang Framework) with Ministerial commitments, regional consultations planned in other regions -LAC (OAS, CEPREDENAC, CAPRADE)Regional cooperation (inter-governmental organizations),Asia ISDR partnership, collaborative centres (China, Iran,Ecuador) 7
  8. 8. International level (para. 32, HFA)Integration of DRR into development assistance andhumanitarian frameworks:•Financing- Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, WB:global and regional level coordination in support of ISDR system; track2 for countries (implementation of Hyogo Framework)•Mainstreaming in development – guidelines for disaster risk reductionfor UN planning frameworks (in CCA/UNDAF); and focusing oncountries targeted by the World Bank (mainly through PRSPs).• Humanitarian policy support for building disaster risk resilience EC/ECHO policy dialogue to support mainstreaming efforts IFRC has adopted HFA as guiding principle Humanitarian Flash Appeals and ISDR system: • Tsunami Early Warning System and follow up, Indian Ocean8 • Pakistan
  9. 9. International Level (continued)Strengthened capacity of environmental and other technical areasof UN System to assist disaster-prone developing countries inmainstreaming DRR:• DRR in environmental policies and management (lead by UNEP)• DRR and climate change adaptation: how to use NAPAs to reducedisaster risk and other ongoing discussions with the UNFCCC andIPCC• DRR in other sectors gradually being developed:•health (WHO, PAHO), water (UN Water), desertification (UNCCD),space applications (UN/OOSA, GEO) ….9
  10. 10. International Level (continued)Other policy-related• “Getting Started” guide to implementing risk reduction at nationallevel under the HFA (to be issued for wide consultation shortly)• Matrix of commitments and initiatives in support of HFA beingupdated, available on the ISDR website <www.unisdr.org>• Development of indicators for disaster risk reduction, via on-linedialogue, expert consultations, etc.10
  11. 11. International Level (continued)Thematic platforms, clusters, partnerships• International Recovery Platform (ISDR/UNDP/ILO/ADRC/OCHA, Kobe)knowledge sharing, capacity building, post-assessment methodology• Early warning: ISDR Platform for Promotion of Early Warning (Bonn); EWC-III,Bonn March 2006, Checklist, Project portfolio, Global Survey of EWS (SG report),and International Early Warning Programme; •Indian Ocean regional tsunami early warning system (UNESCO-IOC led);• Education: HFA Education “cluster”, UNESCO led with Action Aid, ADRC,UNICEF, ISDR etc – include DRR in school curricula and safer schools; recentinventory of experience•Global Risk Indexing Program: UNDP led, ProVention, WB, ISDR etc•Drought network (China, Africa….); Seismic risk collaborative centre (Iran);El Niño (CIIFEN, Ecuador); Wildland Fire Network (Freiburg and FAO) 11
  12. 12. Role of WMO in ISDR system and for the implementation of HFA Governance structures Thematic (technical) responsibilities National platforms and action plans Scientific panel ...12
  13. 13. NMHSs engagement to reduce vulnerabilities tonatural hazards Improve early warning, preparedness and response Develop culture of prevention and resilience Build institutions (policies, legislation, plans...) to activelycontribute to these goals Identify risks (hazard & vulnerability assessments, mapping...)and avoid high risk zones Build hazard-resistant structures (schools, hospitals, houses...) Protect and develop hazard buffers (forests, reefs,mangroves..) 13
  14. 14. Collaboration WMO-ISDR in region (examples)  A regional meeting on Climate Change in the Latin America and Caribbean Region held in Panama, 19 to 23 November 2006 (- a regional meeting and training, co- organized by UNISDR-LAC, IAI (Inter-American Institute Global Change Research), CATHALAC (Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean), the Regional Disaster Information Center (CRID), the National Authority of Panama for the Environment (ANAM), and the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO ).  The International Workshop on Flash Flood Forecasting, held in Costa Rica, 13 to 17 March 2006.  ISDR-LAC attended the ‘technical seminar on disaster prevention and mitigation’ that was organized by WMO together with the Peruvian government, in Lima from 4 to 6 September 2006  ISDR supports Tropical Cyclone Programme activities – Typhoon Committee, Tropical Cyclone Panel, Hurricane Committee, etc.  Tornado warning system in Bangladesh (ADRC to lead)14
  15. 15. Collaboration WMO-ISDR in theme (examples)  EWCs, International Early Warning Programme  UN-Water, International Flood Initiative, World Water Development Report15
  16. 16. Why strengthen the ISDR system1. Respond to current disaster trends and increased demand for support2. Increase political space for disaster risk reduction (finance, development sectors, MDGs…) at all levels 16
  17. 17. Why strengthen the ISDR system (continued)3. Increase capacity to support national and local level implementation4. Build coherence and coordination (global and regional) - joint system planning and prioritized deliverables5. Promote disaster risk reduction as part of sustainable development and prerequisite for Millennium Development Goals 17
  18. 18. Build a disaster risk reduction movement – ISDR system Our objective: To reduce disaster risk, worldwide, focusing on nations and communities The instrument: Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 The vehicle: ISDR system - „movement ‟ 18
  19. 19. Main elements of the strengthened ISDR System in support of the Hyogo Framework for Action Responsible for Nations and national strategies communities and programmes, National Platforms for DRR, baselines studies, Government agencies, local authorities, reporting… NGOs, CBOs, technical organisations, private sector , media… Governance UN General Assembly, Supporting Global coordination ECOSOC mechanisms Global Platform for DRR and Advice from ISDR Support ISDR regional and thematic platforms working bodies (PAC…) Grp International and regional org. USG Humanitarian Affairs UN Country Teams, Red Cross/ Red management oversight board Crescent societies ISDR secretariat 19Management, programme guidance, support, joint Support and technical advice to agencies,work programming, global reporting authorities, institutions and organizations
  20. 20. ISDR system levels of action (“platforms”) National National frameworks will determine composition and functions Support from UN country team – when appropriate Regional coordinated international and regional Based on existing regional and sub-regional strategies and mechanisms efforts to support national andISDR programme local capacities Global Annual sessions Programme Advisory Committee 20 Thematic Building on existing networks, clusters, programmes and other mechanisms
  21. 21. Ongoing strengthening of the ISDR system• Involvement of Governments in the Global Platform for Disaster RiskReduction (first session 5-7 June 2007, in Geneva);• The Global Platform meets once a year; nominates a ProgrammeAdvisory Committee for expert advice on coordinated and jointplanning in support of national implementation of HFA;• The USG for Humanitarian Affairs designated an inter-agencymanagement oversight board to assist in his/hers functions: to overseethe ISDR secretariat, provide high-level advocacy functions andstrategic support to the ISDR system from humanitarian, development,environment and scientific angles;• A transitional inter-agency Reference Group is contributing topreparations of the joint planning framework for the Global Platform 21
  22. 22. " More effective prevention strategies would save not only tens ofbillions of dollars, but save tens of thousands of lives. Fundscurrently spent on intervention and relief could be devoted toenhancing equitable and sustainable development instead, whichwould further reduce the risk for war and disaster. Building aculture of prevention is not easy. While the costs of prevention haveto be paid in the present, its benefits lie in a distant future.Moreover, the benefits are not tangible; they are the disasters thatdid NOT happen. " Kofi Annan, “Facing the Humanitarian Challenge: Towards a Culture of Prevention”, UNGA, A/54/1 22

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