<ul><li>Twelve to twenty-five musicians playing brass and woodwind instruments together to create one musical piece. </li></ul><ul><li>Big bands often include two altos, two tenors, one baritone, four trumpets, four trombones (often one bass trombone), and a four-piece rhythm section. </li></ul>WHAT IS BIG BAND MUSIC?
<ul><li>In the 1920’s big bands came to dominate popular music. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 20’s this form of jazz required very little improvisation. </li></ul><ul><li>It used a section of violins, but it was dropped in 1935 when swing music was introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>Towards the end of the 20’s a new form Big Band gave way to more improvised solos. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Bands played a major role in World War II. Many Big Band members served in the military. </li></ul><ul><li>Big Bands also appeared in movies during the 30’s to 60’s. </li></ul>HISTORY
<ul><li>Big Bands played in almost every major city with a large African-American population. </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation, the military draft, and the union strike created problems for Big Bands and their fans. </li></ul><ul><li>They shared their music by traveling the country in cars and buses. From 1942 to 1945 the rationing of gas cut down their traveling. </li></ul><ul><li>Some musicians chose to perform for the military instead of cities. </li></ul><ul><li>The American Federation of Musicians Union in 1942 prevented recordings from being sold until the next year. </li></ul>HISTORY
<ul><li>Instrumentalists were held back because of the union strike. </li></ul><ul><li>Songs made during the Big Band era were smooth and also sentimental. </li></ul><ul><li>Tommy Dorsey’s band employed Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers. Their hit “I’ll Never Smile Again” was recorded in 1940. When they recorded their other hit, “Marie”, it sold over a million copies. </li></ul><ul><li>Another challenge Big Band members faced was the cabaret tax in 1941. Clubs that allowed dancing were heavily taxed. To stay open clubs could not afford Big Bands with more members. </li></ul>HISTORY
<ul><li>After World War II, the Big Band era began reaching it’s end. </li></ul><ul><li>People who still enjoyed the music of Big Bands could see their performances on television without having to leave home. This helped musicians become less and less profitable with record sales. </li></ul><ul><li>The people who started this era were becoming to old to travel the country. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1946 alone eight major bands broke up. </li></ul><ul><li>Bebop, rhythm, and blues replaced Big Band music. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Big Bands enjoyed a number of comebacks in the 50’s. </li></ul>HISTORY
<ul><li>Paul Whiteman, Ted Lewis, Harry Reser, Leo Reisman, Abe Lyman, Nat Shilkret, George Olsen, Ben Bernie, Bob Haring, Ben Selvin, Earl Burnett, Gus Arnheim, Henry Halstead, Rudy Vallee, Jean Goldkette, Glen Gray, Isham Jones, Roger Wolf Kahn, Sam Lanin, James Last, Vincent Lopez, Ben Pollack, Shep Fields, and Fred Waring </li></ul>POPULAR PEOPLE
<ul><li>Today’s Big Bands can be found playing all styles of jazz music. </li></ul><ul><li>New instruments have been added to Big Bands since it’s creation. </li></ul><ul><li>These instruments include: electric bass, synthesizers, and electronic keyboards (often replacing the piano). </li></ul>BIG BANDS TODAY
<ul><li>Aberjhani, and Sandra L. West. Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance . New York: Facts On File, 2003. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>"Big Band." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia . Web. 08 Feb. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_band>. </li></ul>BIBLIOGRAPHY
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.