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Using IPL in Learning Needs Assessment

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A brief overview of the IPL (Impact, Performance, and Learning) model that can be applied to learning needs analysis.

A brief overview of the IPL (Impact, Performance, and Learning) model that can be applied to learning needs analysis.

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  • 1. Using IPL in Learning Needs Assessment Shawn Simpson
  • 2. Overview Needs Assessment Overview
    • Levels
    • Impact
    • Performance
    • Learning
    • Variables
    • Sources
    • Methods
    • Information Required
    • Needs
    • Felt
    • Ascribed
    • Real
    • Non-learning
    • Gap
    • PSA
    • FSA
  • 3. Importance of Learning Needs Analysis Learning Needs Analysis IPL* Needs Defines Gap Indicates ITL* Requirements Depth of Needs = Scope of Design Identifies Learners’ Preferences Suggests Real-world Benchmarks Learning Objectives Evaluation Strategy Learning Design Delivery Methods Follow-up Evaluation *IPL = Impact, Performance, Learning *ITL = Impact, Transfer, Learning
  • 4. Why Assess Needs?
    • To develop short and long range training plans
    • To define training opportunities
    • To help decision makers set training priorities
    • To substantiate decision maker’s choices
    • To develop support for training initiatives
  • 5. Types of Needs
    • Felt Needs: needs perceived by the targeted learners
    • Ascribed Needs: needs perceived by others (not the targeted learners)
    • Real Needs: a “match” of ascribed and felt needs
    • Felt and ascribed needs that don’t “match up” are non-training needs
      • Could be resource issues (equipment, etc.) or personnel administration issues (discipline situations, etc.)
    Felt Needs + Ascribed Needs = Real Needs
  • 6. Preliminary Scans
    • A brief statement of either the presumed problem or the presumed resolution to the problem
      • Presumed problem: presentation at the current situation
        • Also called the “present state of affairs” or PSA
      • Presumed resolution: presentation of the desired outcome
        • Also called the “future state of affairs” or FSA
  • 7. IPL Defined
    • Impact:
      • The level in which the current vs. desired results are investigated
      • Inquiries deal with topics such as profit/loss, image, or overall efficiency and productivity
    • Performance:
      • The level in which the current vs. desired behaviours are investigated
      • Inquires deal with learner’s on-the-job performance
    • Learning:
      • The level in which the current vs. desired knowledge , skills , and/or attitudes (KSAs) are investigated
      • Inquiries deal with job requirements or current training programs
  • 8. How IPL Helps
    • Defines the need (or gap) from three perspectives:
    I P L Non-training Needs Non-training Needs Non-training Needs Secondary Needs Secondary Needs Secondary Needs Real Needs: The Gap What Is (PSA) What Must/Should Be (FSA)
  • 9. Variables in Learning Needs Assessment
    • Three primary variables when conducting the needs assessment:
      • Sources
        • Any individual, group, or document in possession of relevant information
      • Information Required
        • The needs assessment’s topics of investigation
      • Methods
        • Data collection methods
          • Within the three natural divisions of data collection – asking questions, observation, and document review – the options are numerous
  • 10. Needs Assessment Strategy
    • “ Plan of attack” for conducting a needs assessment
      • Outlines the IPL scans from the client (identified as either “present state of affairs” (PSA) or “future stated of affairs” (FSA)
      • Defines the detailed data about each level that needs to be collected, as well as the source(s) and method(s) to collect this data
        • Note: in a pure form, the source column will include at least 1 non-human (documentation) source
      • Can also details the relative time (T), cost (C), and respondent involvement (RI) for each data item
  • 11. Thank you!
    • For more information on how I can help with your organization’s learning needs, or to see other presentations, visit my website:
    • http://www.shawnsimpson.net