Using IPL in Learning Needs Assessment


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A brief overview of the IPL (Impact, Performance, and Learning) model that can be applied to learning needs analysis.

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Using IPL in Learning Needs Assessment

  1. 1. Using IPL in Learning Needs Assessment Shawn Simpson
  2. 2. Overview Needs Assessment Overview <ul><li>Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Variables </li></ul><ul><li>Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Information Required </li></ul><ul><li>Needs </li></ul><ul><li>Felt </li></ul><ul><li>Ascribed </li></ul><ul><li>Real </li></ul><ul><li>Non-learning </li></ul><ul><li>Gap </li></ul><ul><li>PSA </li></ul><ul><li>FSA </li></ul>
  3. 3. Importance of Learning Needs Analysis Learning Needs Analysis IPL* Needs Defines Gap Indicates ITL* Requirements Depth of Needs = Scope of Design Identifies Learners’ Preferences Suggests Real-world Benchmarks Learning Objectives Evaluation Strategy Learning Design Delivery Methods Follow-up Evaluation *IPL = Impact, Performance, Learning *ITL = Impact, Transfer, Learning
  4. 4. Why Assess Needs? <ul><li>To develop short and long range training plans </li></ul><ul><li>To define training opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>To help decision makers set training priorities </li></ul><ul><li>To substantiate decision maker’s choices </li></ul><ul><li>To develop support for training initiatives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Needs <ul><li>Felt Needs: needs perceived by the targeted learners </li></ul><ul><li>Ascribed Needs: needs perceived by others (not the targeted learners) </li></ul><ul><li>Real Needs: a “match” of ascribed and felt needs </li></ul><ul><li>Felt and ascribed needs that don’t “match up” are non-training needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be resource issues (equipment, etc.) or personnel administration issues (discipline situations, etc.) </li></ul></ul>Felt Needs + Ascribed Needs = Real Needs
  6. 6. Preliminary Scans <ul><li>A brief statement of either the presumed problem or the presumed resolution to the problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presumed problem: presentation at the current situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also called the “present state of affairs” or PSA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presumed resolution: presentation of the desired outcome </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also called the “future state of affairs” or FSA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. IPL Defined <ul><li>Impact: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The level in which the current vs. desired results are investigated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiries deal with topics such as profit/loss, image, or overall efficiency and productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Performance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The level in which the current vs. desired behaviours are investigated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquires deal with learner’s on-the-job performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The level in which the current vs. desired knowledge , skills , and/or attitudes (KSAs) are investigated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiries deal with job requirements or current training programs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How IPL Helps <ul><li>Defines the need (or gap) from three perspectives: </li></ul>I P L Non-training Needs Non-training Needs Non-training Needs Secondary Needs Secondary Needs Secondary Needs Real Needs: The Gap What Is (PSA) What Must/Should Be (FSA)
  9. 9. Variables in Learning Needs Assessment <ul><li>Three primary variables when conducting the needs assessment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any individual, group, or document in possession of relevant information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The needs assessment’s topics of investigation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection methods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Within the three natural divisions of data collection – asking questions, observation, and document review – the options are numerous </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Needs Assessment Strategy <ul><li>“ Plan of attack” for conducting a needs assessment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlines the IPL scans from the client (identified as either “present state of affairs” (PSA) or “future stated of affairs” (FSA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defines the detailed data about each level that needs to be collected, as well as the source(s) and method(s) to collect this data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note: in a pure form, the source column will include at least 1 non-human (documentation) source </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can also details the relative time (T), cost (C), and respondent involvement (RI) for each data item </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Thank you! <ul><li>For more information on how I can help with your organization’s learning needs, or to see other presentations, visit my website: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>