Information• Location – South America• Capitol – Brasilia• Biggest City – Sao Paulo• Official Language – Portuguese• Population – 190,000,000• Multicultural
Colonial Brazil• Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese. Navigator Pedro Cabral landed on Brazil in the 15th century. The Portuguese soon started extracted resources from Brazil. Slaves from Africa were brought over. Brazil was declared independent on 1825.
Independence• When John VI, his father returned to Portugal, Brazilian nationalism grew. His son Pedro I sided with the nationalists. He wanted an independent Brazil. He declared himself monarch of Brazil in 1822. There was war between Brazilians and the Portuguese for 22 months until the Portuguese eventually gave up.
Modern Brazil• In 1988, Brazil changed to its current constitution, the New Republic. Prior to this, Brazil was a military dictatorship because of a coup détat in 1964. Brazil’s current president is Dilma Rousseff.
Economy• Brazil has the largest economy in Latin America and seventh largest economy in the world. They own Embraer, the third world largest aircraft company. They have a large labor pool
Multicultural• Brazil has a lot of ethnicities. Many people in Brazil are of mixed heritage. 48% are white. 43 % are multiracial or brown. 8% are black. 1% are Asian. The rest are Amerindian.
Racial Issues• Despite being multicultural and multiethnic, Brazil still has racial issues. Darker skinned people had a higher rate of lower income compared to those who are lighter skinned.
Indigenous people• These are people who inhabited Brazil before the Europeans came. They comprises of only .4% of Brazil. The Brazilian government recognize the peoples’ indigenous rights. The current exploitation of the Amazon forest is putting these people under threat.
Culture• Brazil is known to have an excellent soccer team• 73.8% of Brazilians are Roman Catholic• Samba and Bossa Nova are some examples of Brazilian Music• Their culture is influenced by its immigrants and diversity
Culture (cont.)• The song Lambada, by French group Kaoma and Brazilian vocalist Loalwa Braz, became a worldwide hit.