History Of Veterinary Technicians


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History Of Veterinary Technicians

  1. 1. History of Veterinary Technicians
  2. 2. In the Beginning
  3. 3. 1908 <ul><li>The Canine Nurses Institute in England makes an organized effort to train veterinary assistants </li></ul>
  4. 4. Veterinary Nurse
  5. 5. <ul><li>A veterinarian would take anyone off the street and teach them what they wanted them to know. </li></ul><ul><li>These were the first veterinary assistants </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1960 <ul><li>The American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) certifies 3 levels of on- the job- trained animal technicians employed in research institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant laboratory technician (ALAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory animal technician (LAT) </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory animal technologist (LATG) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1961 <ul><li>The first animal technician education program is established at the State University of New York (SUNY) Agricultural and Technical School at Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. Army forms the Veterinary/Animal Care Specialist (91T) course at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in Washington, DC </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1962-68 <ul><li>Ralston Purina developed the first Animal Technician Training Correspondence Course for training laboratory animal technicians in the U.S. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1963 <ul><li>First graduating class of animal technicians from SUNY Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>8 students in the class </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1965 <ul><li>The British Veterinary Nurses Association (BVNA) is established </li></ul><ul><li>Walter Collins, DVM receives federal funding to develop a model curriculum for training veterinary technicians </li></ul><ul><li>He produces several guides over the next 7 years </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1965 <ul><li>The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Executive Board decides officially that the adjective “veterinary” should not be used with the nouns “technician” or “assistant” </li></ul><ul><li>nor should the AVMA approve instructional programs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Father of Veterinary Technology <ul><li>Walter Collins, DVM </li></ul><ul><li>Fall 1964 - Becomes a faculty member in the Animal Science Technology Department at SUNY Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>1967 – Became director of the program </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1965-73 <ul><li>U.S. Army Veterinary/Animal Care Specialists (91T) are assigned to multiple medical and veterinary detachments and are deployed to Vietnam, where they provide paraprofessional veterinary care to hundreds of military animals. </li></ul><ul><li>They also carry out civic action programs to support indigenous livestock </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1967 <ul><li>The AVMA Executive Board charges its council on education with establishing criteria for acceptable animal technician training programs and its judicial council with the responsibility for developing a model practice act </li></ul><ul><li>Ridgetown College in Ontario establishes a provincially approved veterinary technology program </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1968 <ul><li>The AVMA Advisory Committee on Animal Technicians urges all state veterinary medical associations to establish advisory committees on animal technicians. </li></ul><ul><li>23 states comply by 1969 </li></ul>
  16. 16. 1968 <ul><li>4 new veterinary technology programs are established in the US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Michigan State University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colorado Mountain College </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East Central Carolina Community College </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. 1969 <ul><li>The First Symposium on Animal Technician Training Programs is held at Michigan State University </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Science (CALAS) begins national certification plans for laboratory animal technicians </li></ul>
  18. 18. 1970 <ul><li>The New York State Association of Animal Health Technicians (NYSAHT) is formed by the graduating class of SUNY Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>The Canadian Association of Animal Health Technicians (CAAHT) is formed </li></ul>
  19. 19. 1972 <ul><li>The AVMA House of Delegates votes to accredit training programs for animal technicians </li></ul><ul><li>The Committee on Accreditation of Training for Animal Technicians (CATAT) is formed and takes on this responsibility </li></ul>
  20. 20. 1973 <ul><li>The first 2 programs that are accredited by the AVMA are those at Michigan State University and Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>The Association of Animal Technician Educators (AATE) is formed </li></ul>
  21. 21. 1973 <ul><li>The AVMA House of Delegates passes a resolution proposing “registration” but not “licensure” of animal technicians </li></ul><ul><li>The Committee on Accreditation for Training of Animal Technicians changes its name to the Committee on Animal Technician Activities and Training </li></ul>
  22. 22. 1975 <ul><li>The AATE constitution is adopted and the first officers are elected </li></ul>
  23. 23. 1976 <ul><li>CATAT is recognized by the U.S. Office of Education as the accrediting body for animal technician training programs </li></ul><ul><li>New York State passes the first law licensing animal health technicians </li></ul><ul><li>The first professional journal for veterinary technicians is published </li></ul>
  24. 24. 1976 <ul><li>New York State’s licensing exam consisted of 2 parts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A written exam, given in Albany, which had to be passed then, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A hands on practical exam, given at the Veterinary College at Cornell, which consisted of an identification slide show (fill in the blank) and hands on demonstration on live animals </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. 1977 <ul><li>The first written examination for animal health technicians in the state of New York is administered </li></ul>
  26. 26. 1978 <ul><li>The first “hands on” practical examination for animal health technicians is administered in the state of New York </li></ul><ul><li>The AVMA adds a continuing education section for veterinary technicians at its annual convention </li></ul>
  27. 27. 1980 <ul><li>At the annual AVMA convention, members of an ad hoc committee composed of representatives from the US and Canada discuss the idea of forming a US-Canadian veterinary technicians association. </li></ul>
  28. 28. 1981 <ul><li>The North American Veterinary Technician Association (NAVTA) is formed </li></ul><ul><li>The Association of Zoo Veterinary Technicians is formed </li></ul><ul><li>The Veterinary Hospital Managers Association (VHMA) is formed </li></ul>
  29. 29. 1982 <ul><li>CALAS creates a plan for the voluntary registration of laboratory animal technicians </li></ul><ul><li>NAVTA adopts its first official journal, “The Compendium on Continuing Education for the Animal Health Technician” </li></ul>
  30. 30. 1984 <ul><li>NAVTA adopts a national code of ethics for veterinary technicians </li></ul><ul><li>The “Compendium on Continuing Education for Animal Health Technician” is changed to Veterinary Technician </li></ul>
  31. 31. 1985 <ul><li>The AVMA Executive Board establishes the Animal Technician Testing Committee, which generates the National Technician National Exam (NATE) in conjunction with Professional Education Services (PES) </li></ul><ul><li>The Association of Animal Technician Educators (AATE) changes its name to the Association of Veterinary Technician Educators (AVTE) </li></ul>
  32. 32. 1986 <ul><li>The first Animal Technician National Exam (ATNE) was given in Maine </li></ul>
  33. 33. 1988 <ul><li>CALAS implements a testing and registration plan for laboratory animal technicians </li></ul><ul><li>The AVMA votes no to a resolution that would change terminology from “animal technician” to “veterinary technician” </li></ul>
  34. 34. 1989 <ul><li>The AVMA House of Delegates approves the use of the term “ veterinary technician”, which replaces “ animal technician” </li></ul><ul><li>This results in the following changes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CATAT (the Committee on Animal Technician Activities and Training) is changed to the Committee On Veterinary Technician Education and Activities (CVTEA) </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. 1989 <ul><ul><ul><li>The Animal Technician Testing Committee (ATTC) is changed to the Veterinary Technician Testing Committee (VTTC) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Animal Technician National Exam (ATNE) is renamed the Veterinary Technician National Exam (VTNE) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. 1989 <ul><li>The Canadian Association of Animal Health Technologists and Technicians is formed </li></ul>
  37. 37. 1990 <ul><li>NAVTA adopts its official mission statement and begins a strategic planning process </li></ul><ul><li>NAVTA produces the “World Of the Veterinary Technician” videotape </li></ul>
  38. 38. 1992 <ul><li>In England, Parliament approves a change in the nomenclature from Royal Animal Nursing Auxiliaries to Registered Veterinary Nurse </li></ul><ul><li>The Ontario Association of Veterinary Technicians act is passed, recognizing the title Registered Veterinary Technician (RVT) </li></ul>
  39. 39. 1992 <ul><li>The NAVTA Executive Board declares the third week in October to be National Veterinary Technician week </li></ul>
  40. 40. 1993 <ul><li>NAVTA creates the Committee on Veterinary Technician Specialties (CVTS) to oversee the development of specialty certification </li></ul><ul><li>The first “National Veterinary Technician Week” is celebrated (Oct 16-22) </li></ul><ul><li>The American Society of Veterinary Dental Technicians is formed </li></ul>
  41. 41. 1994 <ul><li>The American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB) replaces the AVMA in the oversight of the VTNE </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian provincial associations agree on complete reciprocity of credentials for its members </li></ul>
  42. 42. 1994 <ul><li>The AVMA accredits the first distance learning program in veterinary technology at St. Petersburg Junior College </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese Veterinary Nurses and Technicians Association is established </li></ul>
  43. 43. 1994 <ul><li>NAVTA grants the first provisional specialty in veterinary technology. The Academy of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Technicians </li></ul>
  44. 44. 1996 <ul><li>NAVTA is named co-sponsor of National Pet Week </li></ul>
  45. 45. 1998 <ul><li>The Northeast Veterinary Technician Educators Association (NVTEA) is formed </li></ul><ul><li>NAVTA holds its first state representative workshop. Attending were representatives from 27 states and Canada </li></ul>
  46. 46. 1999 <ul><li>Eighty programs of veterinary technology are accredited by the AVMA </li></ul><ul><li>The AVMA incorporates language recommended by NAVTA in the AVMA’s model practice act, which delineates the roles of the veterinary technician and veterinary asistant </li></ul>
  47. 47. 1999 <ul><li>The American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS) creates National Laboratory Animal Technician Week </li></ul><ul><li>NAVTA recognizes the Academy of Veterinary Technician Anesthetists </li></ul>
  48. 48. 2000 <ul><li>The International Veterinary Nurses and Technicians Association (IVNTA) holds its annual general meeting in the US </li></ul><ul><li>The bylaws of the Veterinary Technician Cancer Society are approved </li></ul><ul><li>86 programs are accredited by the AVMA including 2 distance learning programs </li></ul>
  49. 49. 2002 <ul><li>NAVTA’s Committee on Veterinary Technician Specialties recognizes the Academy of Veterinary Dental Technicians </li></ul><ul><li>The North American Veterinary Technician Association changes its name to the National Association of Veterinary Technicians in America </li></ul><ul><li>The first issue of the NAVTA Journal is released </li></ul>
  50. 50. 2002 <ul><li>AALAS and the International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS) work together to acknowledge technicians for their role in biomedical research </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Animal Technician week is expanded and renamed International Laboratory Animal Technician Week </li></ul>
  51. 51. 2003 <ul><li>103 veterinary technology programs are accredited by the AVMA </li></ul>
  52. 52. References <ul><li>2003 CD-ROM History Project by Dan Walsh and Roger L. Lukens (AVTE historians) </li></ul><ul><li>AVMA </li></ul><ul><li>NAVTA </li></ul><ul><li>NYSAVT </li></ul>