Handel- And the Glory of theLordSTRUCTURE TONALITY TEMPO/RHYTHMBased on 4 motifs A Major Allegrowhich are weaved Modulates to E 3/4 but some use oftogether Major twice and B Hemiola (gives athroughout the Major once feel of 2/4)pieceTEXTURE INSTRUMENTATIONHomophonic. Full Baroque Orchestra: DYNAMICSOne instance of Oboes, bassoons, trumpets, st Terracedmonophonic rings, basso continuo (Cello &(b.108/9) organ) HARMONY RELEASE VOCALS Closes with a plagal D Written for a SATB cadence In 1742 choir
Mozart- Symphony no 40 in G minor TEXTURESTRUCTURE Homophonic. HARMONYSonata form Polyphonic in Simple and clear1) Exposition development (tonic & dominant)2) Development section In development3) Recapitulation chromatic4) Coda DYNAMICS harmonies are Begins piano, which is used unusual for a ClassicalTEMPO symphony TONALITYMolto Allegro Transition is forte all the G minor 1st way through with sfz subject Bb major 2ndRELEASED subjectIn 1788 INSTRUMENTATION – strings & ww & horns No percussion, No trumpets
Chopin- Prelude no 15 in D flat Major TONALITY TEXTURE STRUCTURE SECTION A: D flat Homophonic Ternary form (A B A Major Raindrop motif is coda) SECTION B: C sharp doubled in octaves minor Sustain pedalTEMPO DYNAMICSSlow and held SECTION A: p (piano)back SECTION B: crescendo andRituendo at end diminuendos used. Builds up to ff (fortissimo). HARMONY CODA: f (forte) then diminuendos to Rich harmony used p (piano) Melody harmonised in 6ths RELEASED INSTRUMENTATIO 1838 N Piano
Arnold Schoenberg- Peripetie STRUCTURE TONALITY TEMPO/RHYTHM Atonal (no particular Marked “Sehr Free Rondo form key) rasch” which means Five sections very fast DYNAMICS Rhythm is Wide range of complicated and INSTRUMENTATIONMELODY extreme dynamics fragmented HUGE Orchestra!Klangfarbenmelodie ranging from Instruments play extremes ofThe piece is gelled pianissimo to pitchtogether with melodic fortissimofragments spread HARMONYaround different RELEASE Dissonance (clashinginstruments D notes)Hauptstimme: principal In 1909 Hexachords (group of 6voice (melody) TEXTURE notes)Nebenstimme: contrasting and Compliment (6 notessecondary voice polyphonic not used in the 1st(melody) hexachord)
Steve Reich- Electric Counterpoint TEXTURE Layered HARMONYSTRUCTURE Repetitive Is static and doesGradually develops in Polyphonic not change verycomplexity as layers oftenare added DYNAMICS RELEASED Solo part fades in and TONALITY In 1987 out through out the E minor & piece C minorMELODY Finishes fortissimo (hint: look atShort patterns INSTRUMENTATION the(cells) and One live guitarist title, Electricriffs in Counterpoint) 7 pre-recorded electric guitarsostinato style and 2 bass guitars
Leonard Bernstein- Somethings Coming TEXTURESTRUCTU Thick texture due to the TEMPORE large orchestra AllegroIntro Layered parts 176 bpmSec ASec BSec B1 DYNAMICSSec B2 RELEASEDOutro Begins softly 1958 Forte in bars 21-39TONALITYD major INSTRUMENTATIO MELODY N Uses Jazz “blue” Tenor solo voiceHARMONY notes Big orchestraUses tritones to The melody is Lots of Latincreate a sense of based on the Americanimpending doom opening riff instruments used
Miles Davis- All BluesSTRUCTURE MELODY TEMPO/RHYTHM12 Bar Blues Very lyrical and sparse Marked ModeratoIntro Solos are IMPROVISED 6/4 time signatureHead DYNAMICS TEXTURESolos Mostly mf except simple texture. MainlyHead for some very loud homophonicoutro trumpet sections TONALITY G modal – mixolydian mode RELEASEDTIMBRE Altered chords: D7#9 In 1959Mellow timbre due to Eb7#9 (bars 9 & 10)the use of the trumpetmute and ghost notes INSTRUMENTATION Frontline: Trumpet, Alto Sax, Tenor Sax, Rhythm section: Piano, Double Bass, Drums
Jeff Buckley- GraceSTRUCTURE VOCALS RELEASED3 verses Jeff Buckley sings In 19942 choruses Falsetto for parts of the piece (as high as a girl) INSTRUMENTATIO He also uses vibrato and NTONALITY scoops up to up to notes.Fm intro Full rock bandD link including- DYNAMICS Electric guitarsEm mostly The piece starts quietly Bass guitarsthereafter The dynamics are Drums increased when more instruments join in. TECHNOLOGYMELODY Overdubbing, Flanger, EQShort patterns Delay, Reverb TONALITYand riffs in echoostinato style E minor
Moby- Why Does My Heart Feel SoBad?STRUCTURE DYNAMICS TEMPOVERSE- “why Moderate throughout TONALITY RHYTHMdoes my heart A minor 98 bpmfeel so bad” 4/4 four tosample the floor)CHORUS- HARMONY“these open Verse: Am Em G Ddoors” sample Chorus first time: C C Am Am C C Am RELEASEDDivided into two Am 19998 bar sections Chorus on loop: F F C C F F C C INSTRUMENTATIO MELODY TEXTURE N Samples taken from Builds up as more Synthesised strings 1950’s Gospel music- instruments are added Sub bass The Shining Light with each section Keyboard choir Made on a Cubase
Capercaillie- Skye Waulking SongMELODY STRUCTURE TEMPO/RHYTHM TEXTURESimple and repetitive Strophic Steady and Mainlymelody verses consistent as they homophonic.Sung in Scots Gaelic worked to the beat. Heterophonic 2 sectionsBased on a 12/8 in instrumental No chorus when uilleannPentatonic scaleVocables used pipes play DYNAMICS(nonsense syllables) along with In the first section the fiddle dynamics are piano In the second section the TONALITYTIMBRE dynamics are forte and fade E minor and GAll instruments play in out at the end majortheir middle range so INSTRUMENTATIONthere are no particularly RELEASED Trad-high or low notes. 2000 flute, fiddle, bouzouki, uillea nn pipes Modern- drums, electric piano, guitar
Rag DeshSTRUCTUR INSTRUMENTATION HARMONYE Sitar- lead instrument Harmony is created by theAlap Tambura- backing instrument Tambura playing drone Tabla- pair of drums based on two notesJor Sarod, Sarangi, Bansuri, Sh The sitar part with theJhala enai, Harmonium drone augments theGat harmony(instrumental)/Bandish MELODY RHYTHM(vocal) No melody- lead Rhythm cycle (tala)TONALITY instrument based on a set number ofNon-tonal improvises on the beats called “matras” and notes of the raga these are divided into groups called “vibhags” DYNAMICS The tabla player Improvised improvises on the tala
Koko- Yiri DYNAMICS STRUCTURE Master drummer signals TEMPO Call and changes in rhythm and Unvaried response dynamics to control the build Regular beat Repetition up and release of tension. RELEASED IDENTIFYING 1994 TONALITY CHARACTERISTICS Strong sense Rhythmic cycles, Ostinatos of Gb major Accents, polyrhythms, cross INSTRUMENTATIO tonality rhythms N Oral tradition Drums: Djembe, Dundun, TEXTURE MELODY Donno (talking Monophonic (start) Lots of improvisation drum). Heterophonic (2 Bafalon (xylophone) balaphones) Flute Polyphonic Mbira (Thumb piano)
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