Location-based services, conspicuous mobility, and the location-aware future

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This presentation was given as part of the Technologies of Mobility series of sessions at the AAG meetings in Seattle, 15 April 2011. These sessions were organized by Matt Zook and Rein Ahas.

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Location-based services, conspicuous mobility, and the location-aware future

  1. 1. Location-based services, conspicuous mobility, and the location-aware future Matthew W. Wilson Assistant Professor of Geography Ball State University [email_address] 15 April 2011
  2. 2. Where is business …
  3. 6. What are the discursive and material conditions that produce LBS?
  4. 7. Overview <ul><li>Technology, mobility, space </li></ul><ul><li>Situating location-based services </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilities of conspicuousness </li></ul><ul><li>The location-aware future? </li></ul>
  5. 9. “ Government is slow. Here, change happens all the time!”
  6. 10. movement + representation + practice Movements 5 by Ereine, Flickr
  7. 11. movement + representation + practice Movements 5 by Ereine, Flickr
  8. 12. movement + representation + practice Movements 5 by Ereine, Flickr
  9. 13. movement + representation + practice Movements 5 by Ereine, Flickr
  10. 14. movement + representation + practice Movements 5 by Ereine, Flickr plurality + engagement
  11. 15. movement + representation + practice Movements 5 by Ereine, Flickr plurality + engagement potentiality < > inert fixity
  12. 16. physical < > digital Buried Technology by Andreas Solberg, Flickr
  13. 17. physical < > digital Buried Technology by Andreas Solberg, Flickr code < > space
  14. 18. physical < > digital Buried Technology by Andreas Solberg, Flickr code < > space documenting technology + enrolling technology
  15. 19. “ Headphones connected to the iPhone, iPhone connected to the Internet, connected to the Google, connected to the government.” (M.I.A., The Message , 2010)
  16. 20. “ Headphones connected to the iPhone, iPhone connected to the Internet, connected to the Google, connected to the government.” (M.I.A., The Message , 2010) <ul><li>DoD  GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Representations of global space </li></ul><ul><ul><li> US military hegemony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> global capitalism </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. “ Headphones connected to the iPhone, iPhone connected to the Internet, connected to the Google, connected to the government.” (M.I.A., The Message , 2010) <ul><li>DoD  GPS </li></ul><ul><li>Representations of global space </li></ul><ul><ul><li> US military hegemony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> global capitalism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FCC  Enhanced 911  LBS </li></ul>
  18. 22. 2001 ish European LBS:  bars, food, taxis  SMS FriendFinder US LBS:  AT&T Find Friends
  19. 23. 2001 ish European LBS:  bars, food, taxis  SMS FriendFinder US LBS:  AT&T Find Friends 2005… Google Earth Google Maps API Dopplr.com Qype.com Loopt.com Brightkite.com
  20. 24. 2001 ish European LBS:  bars, food, taxis  SMS FriendFinder US LBS:  AT&T Find Friends 2005… Google Earth Google Maps API Dopplr.com Qype.com Loopt.com Brightkite.com 10 applications that make the most of location (from Biba 2009) 1 Drive fast, avoid the cops (locations of known speed traps): Trapster 2 Sleep easy, we ’ll wake you (missing your stop on public transit): iNap 3 Play tag, with strangers: JOYity 4 Call a cab, the easy way (location-aware cab services): Cab4Me 5 Scan a barcode, find a deal (local deals): ShopSavy 6 See the world, through Google ’s eyes: Google Earth 7 Train your phone to know its place (location-aware phone ringer settings): Locale 8 Look Up! Be a stellar student (what stars are above): GoSkyWatch 9 Dark Alley? Call for help (location-aware alarm system): SafetyNet 10 Go here when you gotta go (location-aware facility finding): SitOrSquat
  21. 25. March 2009  SXSW  foursquare Launch
  22. 26. March 2009  SXSW  foursquare Launch
  23. 27. March 2009  SXSW  foursquare Launch
  24. 28. March 2009  SXSW  foursquare Launch
  25. 29. conspicuous mobility check ins  conspicuous consumption check ins  6 million users (end of 2010) check ins  380 million check-ins
  26. 30. “ use software to change behavior ” Dennis Crowley 2009 by Dave Pinter, Flickr
  27. 31. “ use software to change behavior” Dennis Crowley 2009 by Dave Pinter, Flickr “ by using game mechanics, people feel that they are more interesting, that they are leading more interesting lives ”
  28. 32. “ use software to change behavior” Dennis Crowley 2009 by Dave Pinter, Flickr “ by using game mechanics, people feel that they are more interesting, that they are leading more interesting lives ” “ kind of crazy, but crazy in a good and interesting way .”
  29. 33. the location-aware future?
  30. 34. the location-aware future? LBS  narrowing of spatial interaction
  31. 35. the location-aware future? LBS  narrowing of spatial interaction LBS  allow/enable/demand/reward consumptive mobilities
  32. 36. the location-aware future? LBS  narrowing of spatial interaction LBS  allow/enable/demand/reward consumptive mobilities LBS  incursion into everyday life (for some)
  33. 37. the location-aware future? LBS  narrowing of spatial interaction LBS  allow/enable/demand/reward consumptive mobilities LBS  incursion into everyday life (for some) LBS  privatization of mobility
  34. 38. the location-aware future? LBS  narrowing of spatial interaction LBS  allow/enable/demand/reward consumptive mobilities LBS  incursion into everyday life (for some) LBS  privatization of mobility LBS  refiguring of urban interaction
  35. 39. “ Mobile is local. ... The entire context for everything that I do is me, my person, my location .” (Agüera y Arcas 2010) Movement 2010 by Gwen Vanhee, Flickr
  36. 40. “ Mobile is local. ... The entire context for everything that I do is me, my person, my location.” (Agüera y Arcas 2010) Movement 2010 by Gwen Vanhee, Flickr transactional imagination <> relational spatiality
  37. 41. “ Mobile is local. ... The entire context for everything that I do is me, my person, my location.” (Agüera y Arcas 2010) Movement 2010 by Gwen Vanhee, Flickr transactional imagination <> relational spatiality “ You can ’ t hold places still. … We do not feel the disruptions of space, the coming upon difference. On the road map you won ’ t drive off the edge of your known world. In space as I want to imagine it, you just might . ” (Massey 2005, pages 225, 111)
  38. 42. Persistent tensions/questions TENSION: Document the entanglements of technology in everyday life while enrolling technologies of mobility to better understand the everyday.
  39. 43. Persistent tensions/questions <ul><li>What are the limitations to drawing upon these data about mobility? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the possibilities for intervention in these practices, representations, and movements? </li></ul>TENSION: Document the entanglements of technology in everyday life while enrolling technologies of mobility to better understand the everyday.
  40. 44. Google Map Marker 2010 by [ Mooi ], Flickr

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