A present history of critical GIS
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A present history of critical GIS

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Prepared for Geographic Representation Now...

Prepared for Geographic Representation Now
Harvard Graduate School of Design
11.11.11

Abstract: Critical geographic information systems is an area of research positioned at the intersection of critical geography and geographic information science, drawing together technical capabilities for geographic representation and analysis with the critical capacities of social theory, more-than-human geographies, and the digital humanities. Critical GIS scholarship is particularly influenced by the work of participatory action researchers, the histories of cartography and geographic information technologies, and the inclusion of alternative (radical, local, everyday) knowledges. It inherits a focused attention to the social implications of geospatial technologies from the GIS and Society tradition while being cognizant of the technical debates and intricacies of GIScience. In this presentation, I sketch the present history of critical GIS. That is, I reflect upon specific engagements in Geography that currently situate critical GIS, and outline the more pressing aspects of its research agenda. I then introduce critical mapping efforts at the University of Kentucky, including work around public engagement, the mapping of user-generated content, and open data advocacy in local government.

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    A present history of critical GIS A present history of critical GIS Presentation Transcript

    • A present history of critical GIS Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Assistant Professor of Geography New Mappings Collaboratory University of Kentucky [email_address] 11 . 11 . 11 Harvard Graduate School of Design
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD (88/365) life road map by nanny snowflake, 2011, flickr
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD map territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD mapping map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD mapping cybernetics cartography analytical cartography map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS mapping cybernetics cartography spatial analysis analytical cartography map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS mapping cybernetics historical cartography spatial analysis analytical cartography critical cartography cultural cartography map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS mapping cybernetics participatory public participation GIS & Society spatial decision support historical counter cartography spatial analysis analytical cartography critical cartography cultural cartography map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS mapping GIScience cybernetics participatory collaborative public participation critical GIS GIS & Society spatial decision support historical counter cartography spatial analysis analytical cartography critical cartography cultural cartography community-based map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS mapping GIScience cybernetics participatory collaborative public participation critical GIS GIS & Society qualitative feminist ethnocartography spatial decision support historical counter cartography spatial analysis analytical cartography critical cartography web GIS cultural cartography community-based queer map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS cyberinfrastructure mapping GIScience cybernetics participatory collaborative public participation critical GIS GIS & Society qualitative geo-narrative feminist ethnocartography geoweb maps 2.0 spatial decision support historical counter cartography spatial analysis analytical cartography critical cartography web GIS map mashups map API cultural cartography community-based queer map art map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS cyberinfrastructure geodesign nonrepresentational mapping GIScience cybernetics participatory collaborative public participation critical GIS GIS & Society qualitative geo-narrative feminist ethnocartography geoweb maps 2.0 spatial decision support spatial humanities historical counter cartography geointelligence spatial analysis volunteered geographic information neogeography analytical cartography critical cartography location-based services web GIS map mashups map API cultural cartography community-based queer map art map reader territory
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS cyberinfrastructure geodesign nonrepresentational GIScience cybernetics participatory collaborative public participation critical GIS GIS & Society qualitative geo-narrative feminist ethnocartography geoweb maps 2.0 spatial decision support spatial humanities historical counter cartography geointelligence spatial analysis volunteered geographic information neogeography analytical cartography critical cartography location-based services web GIS map mashups map API cultural cartography community-based queer map art mapping map reader territory
    • 1987 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Chrisman, N.R., 1987. Design of geographic information systems based on social and cultural goals. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 53 (10), 1367-1370.
    • 1989 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Harley, J.B., 1989. Deconstructing the map. Cartographica 26, 1-20.
    • critical cartography Matthew W. Wilson, PhD 2000ish
    • 1990 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Taylor, P.J., 1990. GKS. Political Geography Quarterly 9, 211-212.
    • 1991 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Openshaw, S., 1991. A view on the GIS crisis in geography, or, using GIS to put Humpty-Dumpty back together again. Environment and Planning A 23 (5), 621-628.
    • 1991 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Taylor, P.J., Overton, M., 1991. Further thoughts on geography and GIS. Environment and Planning A 23 (8), 1087-1090.
    • 1992 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Openshaw, S., 1992. Further thoughts on geography and GIS: a reply. Environment and Planning A 24 (4), 463-466.
    • 1992 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Smith, N., 1992. History and philosophy of geography: real wars, theory wars. Progress in Human Geography 16, 257-271.
    • 1993 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Sheppard, E., 1993. Automated Geography: What Kind of Geography for What Kind of Society? The Professional Geographer 45 (4), 457-460.
    • community-based GIS participatory GIS and public participation GIS GIS & Society critical cartography Matthew W. Wilson, PhD 2000ish Pickles, John, ed. 1995. Ground Truth: The social implications of geographic information systems. New York: Guilford. Sheppard, Eric. 1995. GIS and Society: Towards a Research Agenda. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems 22 (1):5-16.
    • 1999 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Schuurman, N., 1999. Critical GIS: Theorizing an Emerging Science. Cartographica 36 (4).
    • 1999 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Schuurman, N., 1999. Critical GIS: Theorizing an Emerging Science. Cartographica 36 (4).
    • 1999 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Schuurman, N., 1999. Critical GIS: Theorizing an Emerging Science. Cartographica 36 (4).
    • 1999 Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Schuurman, N., 1999. Critical GIS: Theorizing an Emerging Science. Cartographica 36 (4).
    • community-based GIS participatory GIS and public participation GIS GIS & Society critical cartography Matthew W. Wilson, PhD critical GIS 2000ish
    • feminist GIS community-based GIS participatory GIS and public participation GIS GIS & Society critical cartography Matthew W. Wilson, PhD critical GIS 2000ish qualitative GIS Kwan, Mei-Po. 2002. Introduction: Feminist Geography and GIS. Gender, Place and Culture 9 (3):261-262. Kwan, Mei-Po, and LaDona Knigge. 2006. Doing qualitative research using GIS: an oxymoronic endeavor? Environment and Planning A 38:1999-2002. Harvey, Francis, Mei-Po Kwan, and Marianna Pavlovskaya. 2005. Introduction: Critical GIS. Cartographica 40 (4):1-3.
    • feminist GIS community-based GIS participatory GIS and public participation GIS GIS & Society critical cartography Matthew W. Wilson, PhD critical GIS 2000ish qualitative GIS volunteered geographic info. neogeography and the geoweb spatial humanities Turner, Andrew J. 2006. Introduction to Neogeography, O'Reilly. Elwood, Sarah A. 2008. Volunteered geographic information: key questions, concepts and methods to guide emerging research and practice. GeoJournal 72:133-135. Bodenhamer, David J., John Corrigan, and Trevor M. Harris, eds. 2010. The spatial humanities : GIS and the future of humanities scholarship. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    • an evolving research agenda Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Sheppard, E., 2005. Knowledge Production through Critical GIS: Genealogy and Prospects. Cartographica 40 (4), 5-21.
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Sheppard, E., 2005. Knowledge Production through Critical GIS: Genealogy and Prospects. Cartographica 40 (4), 5-21. GIS society
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Sheppard, E., 2005. Knowledge Production through Critical GIS: Genealogy and Prospects. Cartographica 40 (4), 5-21. GIS society method epistemology
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD Sheppard, E., 2005. Knowledge Production through Critical GIS: Genealogy and Prospects. Cartographica 40 (4), 5-21. GIS society method epistemology
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD GIS cyberinfrastructure geodesign nonrepresentational GIScience cybernetics participatory collaborative public participation critical GIS GIS & Society qualitative geo-narrative feminist ethnocartography geoweb maps 2.0 spatial decision support spatial humanities historical counter cartography geointelligence spatial analysis volunteered geographic information neogeography analytical cartography critical cartography location-based services web GIS map mashups map API cultural cartography community-based queer map art mapping
    • critical GIS redux Matthew W. Wilson, PhD using GIS in radical ways situating GIS practices
    • critical GIS research areas
      • critical geographic inquiry with GIS
      • university-community partnerships with GIS
      • studies of geospatial technology development and use
      • histories of mapping technologies
      • geospatial intelligence, human terrain systems
      • inclusion of unconventional ‘data’ in GIS
      • historical GIS
      • affective GIS, GIS as art
      • geographies of user-generated content and the geoweb
      • ethics, privacy, surveillance
      • geodemographics and ‘volunteered’ geographic information
      Matthew W. Wilson, PhD
    • the new mappings collaboratory
      • http://newmaps.uky.edu
      • themes:
        • public engagement
        • ‘ big data’ and user-generated Internet content
        • place-based thinking, analysis, and representation
      • projects:
        • community-based, participatory GIS
        • exploring user-generated geodata
        • Open Data Lexington
        • DIY GIS / citizen science
      Matthew W. Wilson, PhD
    • Matthew W. Wilson, PhD