Rigging and derigging a keel boat instruaction assingment
How to Rig and De-Rig a Ballasted YachtBy William, Younis& Beth
Steps to Rig a Beneteau:Minimum recommended number of people to rig a Beneteau - 3.Choose Beneteau yacht to rig.Collect appropriate equipment for rigging including main and foresail sails, ensuring theyhave the same sail numbers as the boat you have chosen, and the daily bag which includes: Winch handles Elastic reefing lines Velcro strip of for tying down the clew of the main sail onto the boom. Fabric straps to tie the main sail to the boom if you have to pull down the main sail.Take the equipment down to the boat you have chosen.Now that you are down by your boat, before you can rig you must first check to see where thewind is coming form.This is important so that when you are rigging your boat, it dose not sailaway, and it also makes raising the sails much easier.You can use several methods to determine which way the wind is coming form. Look on the water to see what directions the ripples are travelling,this is the direction the wind is travelling. Look to see if there are any flags that will be waving in the opposite direction to where the wind is coming. Other wind indicators on top of the masts of your or others boat around you which will be pointing in the direction the wind is coming from.
Now we need to have some one get on to the boat. This is done by holding onto the shroudswith one hand put one foot on the side of the boat, with the other on the dock. Then with thesecond foot, step over the side rail and onto the boat. Then bring the first foot over like thesecond and you have safely stepped aboard the boat.The next thing to do is get the equipment you have brought down to the boat aboard. Havethe two people on the dock pass the equipment to the person on the boat.The sail in the sail bags can be left on the floor of the deck while the dillybag can be put inthe forward hatch. To open the hatch you need to turn the latches on the hatch toward themiddle to unlock it, then pull up the hatch. To lock the hatch, push the latches toward theoutside of the hatch, away from the centre. There should be some netting within the hatch,just place the dillybag in the netting.Next we need to position the boat into the wind, this is done by taking the bow line attachedto the boat and give it to someone in on the dock.The boat will be attached to the dock with bow and stern lines and springers. First take off thespringer lines before taking off the bow and stern lines, then position the boat by pushing theit, using the bow line and allowing the wind to push, position the boat so the bow of the boatis pointing into the wind.Tie the bowline to a near by bollard (horn cleat) by making figure 8’s with the rope beforefinishing off with a loop pulled tight on both sides.The next thing to do is to check the safety equipment on the boat.Some will be in the forward hatch. Open the hatch and feel under the ledge closest to themast, you should feel a clip. Un-clip it from the boat, which will cause the netting to retracttowards the bow of the boat. Then lean in to the hatch looking towards the mast end of thehatch where youshould see a bag. Remove the bag out on to the deck and check the safetyequipment within it. It may vary but there should be: 4 flares, (2 red spark flares and 2 orange smoke flares) A working torch A very sharp knife (be carful when handling so you don’t cut your self, as it may be rusty) A first aid kit.
Once you have established it is all there, (if it’s not then go and see someone about it or tryand find a replacement), repack the bag and return it back to where it was and re-clip thenetting in the hatch. Each time you use the forward hatch, remember to close and lock it.Some of the safety equipment will also be found in the compartment in the deck floor. Toopen it lift up the two handles and turn them 90 degrees sothey are both pointing to the bow and stern of the boat. Thenpull the handle up to open the compartment and check thesafety equipment within it.Againit may vary but there should be: A bucket and lanyard Paddles Anchor and chainOnce you have established it is all there,close the compartment and lock the handles by turning them90 degrees back the way they were and laying them flat on the floor.There should also be alife ring located under the tiller at the stern of the boat, tied down by some elastic bungy cord.Now we need to prepare to raise the sails of the boat.There are three types of ropes on a boat1. Halyard, which is a rope that is attached to the head of a sail and is used to raise the sails up the mast or forestay.2. Sheet, which is used to control a sail by pulling it on to make the boat go faster or point up into the wind, or to let out to depower the sail or point away from the wind.3. Lanyard, which is any rope that is not a halyard or sheet and used on the boat or sails of the boat that has an end in ready access to make an alteration to the boat or the sails of the boat; this can include outhaul, ropes attached to buckets or tying people to the boat in rough seas.There are three sides and three corners to a sail. These include:Sides1. Foot, the base of the sail2. Luff, the edge of the sail that is attached to the forestay or the mast with clips or cars that run up the track in the mast.3. Leech the back edge of the sailCorners1. Head, is the top corner of the sail2. Tack, is the corner of the sail that is attached to the gooseneck (which is the point where the boom is attached to the mast)
3. Clew,is the corner of the sail that is attached to the stern end of the boomNow you need to prepare the boat for raising the sails.To do this you will need to have the rest of the crew climb aboard the boat.When ever a rope is not being used, ensure it is coiled up, tightened or put in a net or under apiece of bungy cord on the mast so that someone does not trip over, or get injured in anyway.Take the spinnaker halyard and toping lift off the bow of the boat and attach them to the ringon the bow end of the mast. Then pull on the associating ropes to tighten them and tuck theends of the ropes into the pieces of bungy cord on the mast to ensure they don’t get inanyone’s way.Next bring the foresail in the sail bag up to the foredeck.Take the foresail out of the bag and place the empty bag into the hatch, keeping the foresailrolled up on deck.Attach the tack of the foresail to the bow furler mechanism (chainplate).Remove the foresail sheets form the bow of the boat and attach them to the clew of theforesail sail, make sure the foresail sheets aren’t twisted when attaching. If you need moreslack on the ropes you may need to un-cleat them and un-wind them form around thewinches.Now un-roll the foresail and flake (fold the foresail in a zig-zag layering system out onto theforedeck to check for folds, twists or damage to the sail).If the sail is fine then attach the clips on the luff edge of the sail to the forestay starting fromthe bottom and working your way up. This way you ensure you are in control of the sail andwill not give it the chance to be caught in the wind and get out control or fly away.
Once this is complete, detach the foresail halyard form the rope attached to the furlingmechanism and attach it to the head of the foresail.Now go to the forward hatch and get the dillybag out. From inside it, get the two winchhandles and put them in their holders located near the winches on the side of the boat.Now release the foresail halyard block located on the mast and take the foresail halyardaround the nearest winch.Wrap the foresail halyard in a clockwise direction to form two wraps around the block, as thisis the only way the winch operates. Two wraps of the foresail halyard around the winch is theminimum in light winds, however more may be required in stronger winds to achieve morepurchase, assisting in raising the foresail.Now get one of the winch handles and put it into the winch and prepare to turn the winchhandle to raise the foresail.There are two ways to turnthe winch, turning with the winch handle clockwise will turn thewinch clockwise and pull the sail up. If you turn with the winch handle counter clockwise itwill still turn the winch clockwise, but it will go up in double the time. The counter clockwisemethod is to be used when the pressure on the winch and on the person turning the winchhandle is too much. Counter clockwise uses a reverse turning method to continue to pull upthe sail and tighten it with half the effort required. However don’t use this to begin with, as itwill take fore ever to raise the sail.Start turning the winch in a clockwise direction. While you are doing this, have someone upwith the fore sail ensuring the clips stay done up and it goes up smoothly, and to check thetensioning of the foresail. Have someone else near you holding the other end of the rope.Their job is to tail the rope to make surethat there is enough tension on the rope, ensuring thatthe winch is able to pull the sails up.
Just before the head of theforesail reaches the top of the forestay, have the person on the foredeck close the foresail halyard block located outward on the base of the mast, so that whenyou finish tightening the fore sail and release the rope, the sail doesn’t fall down.