What are verbs

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What are verbs

  1. 1. What are Verbs?<br />The verb is king in English. The shortest sentence contains a verb. <br />You can make a one-word sentence with a verb, for example: "Stop!" You cannot make a one-word sentence with any other type of word.<br />
  2. 2. Verbs<br />Verbs are sometimes described as "action words".<br />This is partly true. Many verbs give the idea of action, of "doing" something. For example, words like run, fight, do and work all convey action.<br />
  3. 3. But some verbs do not give the idea of action; they give the idea of existence, of state, of "being". For example, verbs like be, exist, seem and belong all convey state.<br />
  4. 4. Verbs<br />A verb always has a subject. In simple terms, therefore, we can say that verbs are words that tell us what a subject does or is; they describe:<br />action (Ram plays football.) <br />state (Anthony seems kind.) <br />
  5. 5. Verbs<br />Most other words (adjectives, adverbs, prepositions etc) do not change in form (although nouns can have singular and plural forms). But almost all verbs change in form. <br />The verb to work has five forms:<br />to work, work, works, worked, working<br />
  6. 6. VerbClassification<br />We divide verbs into two broad classifications:<br />1. Helping Verbs<br />2. Main Verbs<br /><br />
  7. 7. Helping verbs<br />Imagine that a stranger walks into your room and says:<br />I can. <br />People must. <br />The Earth will. <br />Do you understand anything?<br />They "help" the main verb. <br />
  8. 8. 2. Main Verbs<br />I teach. <br />People eat. <br />The Earth rotates. <br />Do you understand something? Probably yes! Not a lot, but something. have meaning on their own. They tell us something. <br /> <br />
  9. 9. Helping Verbs<br />Primary helping verbs (3 verbs)<br />Weuse them in thefollowing cases:<br />be<br />to make continuous tenses (He is watching TV.) <br />to make the passive (Small fish are eaten by big fish.) <br />
  10. 10. Helping Verbs<br />Have<br />to make perfect tenses (I have finished my homework.) <br />do<br />to make negatives (I do not like you.) <br />to ask questions (Do you want some coffee?)<br />to show emphasis (I do want you to pass your exam.) <br />
  11. 11. Modal helping verbs (10 verbs)<br />“Modify" main verb. It expresses necessity or possibility.<br />can, could <br />may, might <br />will, would, <br />shall, should <br />must <br />ought to <br />
  12. 12. Semi-modal verbs (3 verbs)<br />The following verbs are often called "semi-modals" because they are partly like modal helping verbs and partly like main verbs: <br />need <br />dare <br />used to<br />

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