Teaching speaking

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Teaching speaking

  1. 1. Teaching speaking<br />December 2010<br />
  2. 2. Dilemmas teachers face<br />I’vebeenaskedtoteach a conversationclass, butwhatisconversation? Isitjust free speaking? <br />How can I help my studentsbecome more fluent?<br />
  3. 3. Two simple approaches<br />Awareness-raisingactivities<br />Appropiation<br />activities<br />
  4. 4. Awareness-raising<br />Activitiesaimed at helpinglearnersdiscover and evenfillingtheirknowledge gaps. Awarenessinvolves at leastthreeprocesses: attention, noticing and understanding.<br />
  5. 5. Appropiation<br />Overthe time and through social interaction, theskill, whichisfirst “other-regulated”, becomes “self-regulated”.<br />
  6. 6. The beauty of pair-work<br />“Pairworkimmediatelyincreasestheamount of studenttalking time" (Harmer 1998), itprovidesthestudentswiththeopportunitytocommunicatewitheachotherto share "suggestions, hypothesis, insights, feedback, successes, and failures" (Nielson, 1989).<br />
  7. 7. The advantages of pair-work<br /><ul><li>Giveslearners more speaking time.
  8. 8. Changesthe pace of thelesson.
  9. 9. Takesthespotlight off you and putsiton</li></ul>thelearners.<br /><ul><li>Allowsstudentstomixwitheveryone in the</li></ul>group.<br /><ul><li>Itallowsyouto monitor, movearoundthe</li></ul>class and really listen tothelanguagethey<br /> are producing.<br />
  10. 10. Some activities<br />Talking dice<br />Toss and talk<br />Phototreasurehunt<br />Firstimpressions<br />Neutral statements<br />Scruples<br />Schizophrenic monologue<br />Absurdinterruption<br />Neverhave I ever<br />Grammarreformulation<br />

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