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Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
Arid landforms
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Arid landforms

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Overview of arid landforms as an intro to the subject area

Overview of arid landforms as an intro to the subject area

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  • 1. Arid Landforms<br />
  • 2. Basic Concepts<br />I. Most deserts exhibit highly angular landscapes.<br /><ul><li> mechanical weathering dominates
  • 3. angular particles of weathered rock; bedrock outcrops
  • 4. little soil or vegetation to soften landscape</li></ul> II. Softer, more rounded landscapes appear where deposition is predominant.<br /><ul><li> dunes</li></ul>III. Desert rainfall is infrequent, intense, and unreliable.<br /><ul><li> intense flash flooding, intense erosion
  • 5. ephemeral streams</li></li></ul><li>
  • 6.
  • 7. Death Valley, July 15, 1999<br />
  • 8. Las Vegas Flash Flood<br />
  • 9. Types of Deserts<br />Erg - sea of sand<br /><ul><li> largest are in Sahara and Arabian Deserts, sand covers about 20% of world’s deserts
  • 10. vegetation rare
  • 11. sand probably formed during more humid climate</li></li></ul><li>Death Valley, California<br />
  • 12. Types of Deserts<br />Reg - desert “pavement” of pebbles and stones<br /><ul><li> all small materials and sand removed by wind
  • 13. may be very thin coating of stones</li></li></ul><li>A gibber plain in Australia<br />Desert pavement<br />
  • 14. Hamada - bedrock predominates<br />
  • 15. Desert varnish - oxidation of iron and manganese, useful for dating desert surfaces<br />
  • 16. DESERT FLUVIAL PROCESSES/LANDFORMS <br />Fluvial Erosion - rare, intense flash floods.<br /><ul><li>steep slopes; steep-walled canyons; washes, wadis, arroyos, canyons.
  • 17. fluvial systems decrease in discharge downstream</li></ul>Fluvial Transportation - large amounts of rock and sand moved short distances.<br />Fluvial Deposition – where water slows on flat playas material is deposited and sorted by size.<br /><ul><li> alluvial fans
  • 18. rock debris in piedmont region</li></li></ul><li>Arroyo<br />
  • 19. Virga<br />
  • 20. Joshua Tree N.P.<br />
  • 21. Slot Canyon<br />
  • 22. The Narrows, Zion N.P., Utah<br />
  • 23. AEOLIAN (WIND) PROCESSES/LANDFORMS <br />Aeolian Erosion - much less effective than fluvial<br /><ul><li> deflation - the movement of small particles
  • 24. abrasion - polishes and etches exposed surfaces</li></ul>Aeolian Transportation - moves nothing bigger than sand<br /><ul><li> dust storms - can extend thousands of feet up
  • 25. sand storms - only very near the surface</li></ul>Aeolian Deposition - dunes form and shift where winds and terrain combine to slow the winds or block the movement of dunes.<br />
  • 26.
  • 27. Dust Storm, Senegal<br />Sand Storm<br />
  • 28. AEOLIAN (WIND) PROCESSES/LANDFORMS <br />
  • 29. Types of Dunes <br />BARCHAN<br />TRANSVERSE DUNES<br />SEIFS<br />
  • 30. Types of Dunes <br />Barchans- migrating crescent dune with horns pointing downwind; form where strong winds blow in a consistent direction. Move fast. Common in central Asia and Sahara. Can reach hundreds of feet in height. <br />
  • 31. Transverse Dunes - parallel waves of crescent dunes perpendicular to wind direction; migrate downwind. Found in areas with large supply of sand.<br />
  • 32. Seifs - multiple very long narrow, parallel dunes. May be caused in areas with at least two dominant wind directions. Can be tens of miles long. Common outside of U.S.<br />
  • 33. Namib Desert<br />Star Dunes<br />
  • 34. BASIN AND RANGE TOPOGRAPHY <br />
  • 35. Piedmont - gently sloping land that extends out from base of mountains.<br />Pediment - sloping bedrock at base that develops.<br />
  • 36. Badwater, Death Valley, CA<br />
  • 37.
  • 38. Playas<br />
  • 39. Mesa and Scarp Topography<br />
  • 40. Differential Erosion<br />
  • 41.
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44. Uluru (Ayer’s Rock), Australia<br />
  • 45. Inselberg - “island mountains” rise abruptly out of desert landscapes<br />Bornhardt - highly resistant rock landform; a type of inselberg.<br />Kata Tjuta (The Olgas), Australia<br />
  • 46. Bornhardt, Arches National Park, Utah<br />
  • 47. Delicate Arch, Arches National Park, Utah<br />

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