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3.6 Skills ChecklistCandidates will need to develop a variety of basic, investigative, cartographic, graphical, appliedICT and statistical skills. They will need to develop a critical awareness of the appropriateness andlimitations of different skills and resources. The level of accuracy, sophistication and detail are allexpected to be greater at AS than at GCSE, and similarly between AS and A2.Basic Skills Investigative SkillsTo include: To include:• annotation of illustrative material, base maps, • identification of geographical questions andsketch maps, OS maps, diagrams, graphs, issues, and effective approaches to enquirysketches, photographs etc • use of overlays • identification, selection and collection of• literacy skills. quantitative and qualitative evidence from primary sources (including fieldwork) and secondary sources • processing, presentation, analysis and interpretation of evidence • drawing conclusions and showing an awareness of the validity of conclusions • evaluation • risk assessment and identification of strategies for minimising health and safety risks in undertaking fieldwork.Cartographic Skills Graphical SkillsTo include use of: To include use of:• atlas maps • line graphs – simple, comparative, compound• base maps and divergent• sketch maps • bar graphs – simple, comparative, compound• Ordnance Survey maps at a variety of scales and divergent• maps with located proportional symbols – • scatter graphs – and use of best fit linesquares, circles, semi-circles, bars • pie charts and proportional divided circles• maps showing movement – flow lines, desire • triangular graphslines and trip lines • kite and radial diagrams• detailed town centre plans • logarithmic scales• choropleth, isoline and dot maps. • dispersion diagrams.In addition, to include at A2:• weather maps – including synoptic charts.ICT Skills Statistical SkillsTo include: To include at AS:• use of remotely sensed data – photographs, • measures of central tendency – mean, mode,digital images including those captured by mediansatellite • measures of dispersion – interquartile range• use of databases, eg census data, and standard deviationEnvironment Agency data; meteorological office • Spearman’s rank correlation testdata • application of significance level in inferential• use of geographical information systems (GIS) statistical results.• presentation of text and graphical and In addition, to include at A2:cartographic images using ICT • comparative tests – Chi-squared, Mann Whitney U Test..