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Frame It In The News: Teaching Information Literacy Without a Research Paper
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Frame It In The News: Teaching Information Literacy Without a Research Paper


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Presented at LOEX 2013 in Nashville, TN. …

Presented at LOEX 2013 in Nashville, TN.

Librarians struggle to teach information literacy skills to first-year students in courses without a research component. Without a need to know how to consume information, students can disengage from learning. Using news as the frame for IL instruction is a solution.

News media outlets have significant power in society. As Masterman (1985) wrote in Teaching the Media, “the media tells us what is important and what is trivial by what they take note of and what they ignore, by what is amplified and what is muted or omitted.” As news media are pervasive institutions concretely entwined with everyday life and require critical analysis for responsible engagement, the news makes for a prodigious frame in which to teach information literacy.

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  • IU and Purdue TogetherCommuter Past, Residential FutureStudent enrollmentLibrary Liaison Responsibilities
  • School of InformaticsSchool of Journalism
  • One-shot “Information Literacy” session in FYS coursesNo research paperNo motivation for students
  • Peterson: not only report a fact, but also, indeed, the truth about the factLewin: Press controls what we know about the worldLippman: mass media or news created our mental pictures of the world around usFragmentation: Tech advances and increased number of news organizations enable consumers to choose a news media outlet most aligned with their ideological preferences.
  • Individual ReadingsGroup Readings
  • Journalism DiscussionInformatics Discussion Bias Scale
  • Transcript

    • 1. Frame It In The NewsTeaching Information Literacy Without a Research PaperWillie MillerAssistant LibrarianIndiana University-Purdue University IndianapolisLOEX ConferenceMay 4, 2013 @LibraryWillie
    • 2. Presentation OutlineInstitutional BackgroundProblem & SolutionProfessional StandardsTheoretical BasisLearning OutcomesLesson PlanStudent Work@LibraryWillie
    • 3. Indiana University-PurdueUniversity IndianapolisInstitutional Background
    • 4. First Year SeminarCourse Background
    • 5. The Problem
    • 6. A SolutionNews Coverage of the 2012 U.S. Presidential Election
    • 7. Professional StandardsIUPUI Principles of Undergraduate Learning (PULs)ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for HigherEducationAccrediting Council on Education in Journalism and MassCommunication (ACEJMC)
    • 8. Theoretical BasisSocial Responsibility Theory of the Press (Peterson, 1956)Gatekeeping Theory (Lewin, 1947)Agenda Setting (Lippman, 1922)McCombs and Shaw (1972)Fragmentation (Abramson, Orren, & Arterton, 1990; Katz, 1997;Morris, 2007; West, 2001; Williams & Delli Carpini, 2004)
    • 9. The fragmented news era boasts a heterogeneous newsenvironment wherein accounts of one issue, topic, or event candiffer significantly depending on the source (West, 2001, pp. 93-95).
    • 10. Student LearningOutcomesDescribe bias in news mediaDiscuss methods of decodingbias in the newsIllustrate examples of bias inthe news
    • 11. Lesson PlanLectureClose ReadingClass DiscussionHomework (Optional)
    • 12. Lesson PlanLectureInformation literacyBiasBias in ReportingClose ReadingClass DiscussionHomework (Optional)
    • 13. Bias In ReportingPartialityOne-sidednessUnbalanced selection or presentationTendency or inclination that prevents a fair of balanced approachTemperamental or emotional leaning to one sideFavoritism that distorts realityPersonalized, unreasoned judgmentPredisposition or preference (Sloan & Mckay, 2007 p. 6)
    • 14. Lesson PlanLectureClose ReadingClass DiscussionHomework (Optional)
    • 15. Close Reading
    • 16. Lesson PlanLectureClose ReadingClass DiscussionHomework (Optional)
    • 17. Lesson PlanLectureClose ReadingClass DiscussionHomework (Optional)Watch the next debateFind an example of biased reporting on the debateWrite a one page paper illustrating ways the article is biased withexamplesProvide APA citation(s)
    • 18. Student WorkThe author fails to give the article balance onremarks, responses, and attitudes.Guffaws, snickers, interrupter, aggressive, chuckles, smirks, hammered, gaffes, feisty, are just some of the words used to describe Biden’sbehavior and attitude at the debate. Ryan got remarks suchas, “maintaining a steady and comparatively reserved demeanorthroughout.” You are the judge here, but I call this article biased.In response to : Sparks fly as Biden, Ryan face off in feisty vice presidential debate. (2012).
    • 19. Student WorkQuotes describing Paul Ryan’s statements used words such as said,declared, or pointed out. Biden’s began or followed with words likesharply retorted, argued, and asked bluntly. The debate’s analysisoffered opinion of how the debate resonated with Republicans,describing Biden as annoyed and likened him to Al Gore rolling his eyes inhis debate against President Bush.In response to: Zeleny, J., & Rutenberg, J. (2012, October 11). Biden and Ryan quarrel aggressively in debate, offering contrasts - Retrieved October 12, 2012,from
    • 20. Student WorkIn the Fox News article “Biden accused of being disrespectful in vicepresidential debate with grins, laughs” the bias towards theRomney/Ryan ticket was instantly evident by the title. Any newsarticle deserves a title that informs the readers, in several words, whatthey can expect to read. The journalist who wrote this did just that- byrunning with criticism of the opposing party’s debate etiquette….In response to: Sparks fly as Biden, Ryan face off in feisty vice presidential debate. (2012).
    • 21. ResultsEngaged class participationAchievement of learningoutcomesHappy faculty
    • 22. ConsiderationsStudents knowledge of current eventsConflicting lessons in other classesInterest in topicFaculty buy-in
    • 23. ReferencesAbramson, Jeffrey B, Orren, Gary R, & Arterton, F Christopher. (1990). Electronic Commonwealth: The Impact of New Media Technologies onDemocratic Politics: Basic Books, Inc.Katz, Jon. (1997). Virtuous Reality: How America Surrendered Discussion of Moral Values to Opportu nists: Nitwits, and Blockheads Like WilliamBennett.Lewin, Kurt. (1947). Frontiers in group dynamics II: Channels of group life; social planning and action research. Human Relations, 1(2), 143-153.doi: 10.1177/001872674700100201Lippmann, Walter. (1922). Public opinion. New York: Macmillan.McCombs, Maxwell E., & Shaw, Donald L. (1972). The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media. The Public Opinion Quarterly, 36(2), 176-187. doi:10.2307/2747787Morris, Jonathan S. (2007). Slanted objectivity? Perceived media bias, cable news exposure, and political attitudes. Social Science Quarterly, 88(3),707-728. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2007.00479.xPeterson, Theodore. (1956). The social responsibility theory Four theories of the press (pp. 73-103). Urbana, Il: University of Illinois Press.Sloan, Wm. David, & Mackay, Jenn Burleson. (2007). Media Bias: Finding It, Fixing it. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.West, Darrell M. (2001). The rise and fall of the media establishment: Bedford/St. Martins.Williams, Bruce A., & Delli Carpini, Michael X. (2004). Monica and Bill all the time and everywhere: The Collapse of gatekeeping and agendasetting in the new media environment. The American Behavioral Scientist, 47(9), 1208-1230.
    • 24. Photo CreditsSlide 3: IUPUI campus photo gallery, http://communications.iu.eduSlide 5: 6:!/img/httpImage/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/landscape_635/obama- 9&10: University of Michigan, 24: slides: Indianapolis Recorder, January 6, 1906,
    • 25. Contact:Willie MillerAssistant