Web 2.0 and Media Ownership To Regulate or Not to Regulate
What is Web 2.0?
Consumer as publisher
People are not just consumers of information, but engaged reader/writers. (podcasts, blogs, videos, tagging, etc)
Customizing the “vessel”
Taking the information and displaying as you like wish, not as the creators of the information want you to see it. (RSS feeds, Google homepage, mashups, etc.)
Not isolated people receiving information, but actively communicating and networking with other reader/writers.
“ Network effects from user contributions are the key to market dominance in the Web 2.0 era. ” -- Tim O'Reilly (2005) Please describe Web 2.0 to me in 2 sentences or less: “ You make all the content. They keep all the revenue." -- Bash.org
There should be no regulation on the amount of media outlets one corporation can own because technology provides enough opportunity for everyone to express their point of view
(1) Web 2.0 offers more diversity in media production than any media reform advocate 10 years ago could ever dream of . (2) Regulation impedes creativity and entrepreneur$hip (3) Regulation sows the seeds of totalitarianism
Web 2.0 has ushered in a new era of media democracy
Transmission and dissemination of information has been revolutionized.
Media regulation was for a time in the past, when there were only a few media companies.
Now, with millions of media producers and transmitters, the government no longer needs to regulate the media industry.
Government regulation stifles initiative, creativity and entrepreneurship.
China, Burma, and other authoritarian governments have cracked down on bloggers, blocked YouTube videos, and have stifled free speech. Don’t Let it Happen Here. NO TO GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF THE MEDIA
“ To the extent that the ownership of and control of…broadcast stations falls into fewer and fewer hands, the free dissemination of idea and information, upon which our democracy depends, is threatened.” --James Lawrence Fly, FCC Chairman 1939-1944
People need a broadband connection to take advantage of Web 2.0 technology.
Dialup connections, which millions of Americans still use to access the internet, do not allow Web 2.0 sites to function properly.
So…. Who Is Being Left Behind ?
Demographic Percent without Broadband Overall 45% no Broadband Those over 65 81% no Broadband Annual income under $20,000 75% no Broadband Less than high school education 72% no Broadband Rural Populations 62% no Broadband Black people: 57% no Broadband … Millions of Americans!
It is the government’s responsibility to make sure that people without access to broadband internet have available to them a wide range of viewpoints in traditional media outlets: TV, radio, and newspapers .
In December, 2007 the FCC voted to allow corporations to own both a major newspaper and a broadcast outlet (television or radio) in the same city.
Between 1995 and 2003, ten of the largest TV-station owners went from owning: 104 stations with $5.9 billion in revenue 299 stations with $11.8 billion in revenue. to owning
A strong regulatory regime will ensure that Americans get to hear all sides of the issues and that the broadcast networks and daily newspapers reflect the growing diversity that is the bedrock of our flourishing democracy.