British Invasions


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The British invations took part in 1806.

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  • The Malvinas (Falkland Islands) referendum was only an advertisement stunt.

    It was only a parody of democracy, as practically today the approximate 3,300 inhabitants are British. All Argentinean inhabitants were taken away in 1833 by the British and 'dropped' in Uruguay. Naturally, most of the actual British descentdent inhabitants might prefer a British government in elections like this.

    The islands are not so small as they equal almost 10% the size of England.

    (They are more than 12,000 Km 2.)

    Luis Vernet was the Argentinean Military and Civil Commander of the islands when the British invaded in 1833, taking advantage of the small number of Argentineans living there at the time, and the military weakness of the country in those days. It was an unlawful and very easy task for the passing by English warships in front of an unarmed island

    The day the islands are returned to Argentina, as they were part of its territory untill 1833, the inhabitants can remain British subjects if they so desire, as in Argentina, as in many other countries, you can maintain your original nationality.

    By the way, the present inhabitants were made citizens by England only after the war.

    Before they were know as 'Kelpers,' as prior to the Malvinas' or Falkland's war they were not British citizens.

    This election was like asking a consortium of squatters voting on whether they're like to continue illegally occupying a building or not.

    It must also be noted that the British invaded Buenos Aires and consequently Argentina in 1806 and 1807, but in both occasions they were expelled.

    (Google it under the 'British invasions of Buenos Aires in 1806 and 1807.

    Oliver W. Caminos MD


    PA, USA
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British Invasions

  1. 1. GuillermoTorres The British invasions of the Río de la Plata
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>The invasions took place between 1806 and 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>Britain attempts to seize control of the Spanish colonies located around the La Plata Basin </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>The invasions were in two phases </li></ul><ul><li>The British Army occupied Buenos Aires for 46 days in 1806 </li></ul>2. A second force occupied Montevideo, following the Battle of Montevideo in 1807
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>The resistance of the local people and their active participation in the defence of the city </li></ul>Consequences <ul><li>No support from the Spanish Kingdom </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>The May Revolution in 1810 </li></ul>Consequences <ul><li>The Argentine Declaration of Independence in 1816. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Background <ul><li>The South Sea Company was granted trading concessions in South America in the time of Queen Anne, under the Treaty of Utrecht. </li></ul><ul><li>The British had long harboured ambitions in South America, considering the estuary of the Río de la Plata as the most favourable location for a British colony </li></ul>
  7. 7. Background The La Plata Basin, scene of the British invasions in 1806 and 1807 .
  8. 8. Background <ul><li>In May 1804 William Pitt was in charge of the British Government </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon was the Emperor of the French Empire </li></ul><ul><li>William Pitt claimed that Napoleon and his Empire should be destroyed to restore the balance in Europe </li></ul>William Pitt
  9. 9. Background <ul><li>Napoleon decided to invade Britain, but his plan failed </li></ul><ul><li>The French and Spanish were defeated in the Battle of Trafalgar </li></ul><ul><li>England would have absolute control of the seas </li></ul>
  10. 10. Background <ul><li>A British force commanded by Lieutenant-General David Baird and Admiral Sir Home Popham took the Dutch colony of the Cape of Good Hope in 1805 </li></ul>Admiral Sir Home Popham
  11. 11. Background <ul><li>The following year, a smaller British force of 1,500 men under Colonel William Carr Beresford was sent across the South Atlantic to invade the Plata region, departing on 14 April 1806 . </li></ul>Colonel William Carr Beresford
  12. 12. Background <ul><li>The Spanish Viceroy, Marquis Rafael de Sobremonte, had asked the Spanish Crown for reinforcements many times, but no new men arrived </li></ul><ul><li>It was suggested that he should arm the city residents of Buenos Aires to form a militia, but he was reluctant to give weapons to the population. </li></ul>Sobremonte
  13. 13. First Invasion 1806 <ul><li>The British landed on Quilmes, near Buenos Aires, on June 25, 1806 </li></ul><ul><li>They reached and occupied Buenos Aires on the 27 June. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>The Viceroy fled to Córdoba Province with the city's treasure </li></ul><ul><li>The British forces took it away from him during his escape. </li></ul>First Invasion 1806
  15. 15. <ul><li>Buenos Aires was held under British domain during 46 days </li></ul>First Invasion 1806 <ul><li>The residents of the city feared becoming a British colony </li></ul><ul><li>Beresford decided to decree free commerce and reduction of port taxes </li></ul><ul><li>This measure displeased the merchants </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>French marine officer Santiago de Liniers y Bremond, in service to the Spanish Crown, organised the re-conquest of Buenos Aires from Montevideo, with help of the city governor Ruiz Huidobro. Also of importance was the participation of Juan Martín de Pueyrredón, chief of the urban militias. </li></ul>the re-conquest of Buenos Aires Santiago de Liniers
  17. 17. <ul><li>On August 4, 1806 , Liniers landed at Las Conchas, north of Buenos Aires </li></ul>the re-conquest of Buenos Aires <ul><li>He advanced with a mixed force of Buenos Aires line troops and Montevideo Militia toward the city </li></ul><ul><li>After two days of fighting, Beresford surrendered </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Two days later, the government at the Buenos Aires Cabildo named Liniers military and political chief of the city. </li></ul>the re-conquest of Buenos Aires Liniers
  19. 19. <ul><li>Militias were formed by the Spanish and criollos </li></ul>the re-conquest of Buenos Aires <ul><li>The creation of such local forces created concern within the Spanish elite, fearful of an attempt of secession from the Spanish Crown. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result </li></ul><ul><li>The Patricios </li></ul><ul><li>Compañía de Granaderos de Infantería o Provinciales </li></ul><ul><li>Húsares </li></ul><ul><li>The Arribeños </li></ul><ul><li>Pardos and Morenos </li></ul>
  20. 20. the re-conquest of Buenos Aires Militia porteña Señora porteña Indio on horse
  21. 21. Second Invasion 1807 On February 3, 1807, Montevideo was captured in a joint military and naval operation using British reinforcements of 8,000 men under General Sir Samuel Auchmuty and a naval squadron under Admiral Sir Charles Stirling.
  22. 22. Second Invasion 1807 <ul><li>On 10 May, Lieutenant-General John Whitelocke arrived in Montevideo to take overall command of the British forces on the Río de la Plata. </li></ul><ul><li>He landed on June 27. </li></ul>John Whitelocke
  23. 23. Second Invasion 1807 <ul><li>On July 1, Liniers was defeated in the environs of the city </li></ul><ul><li>Whitelocke did not attempt to enter the city, but twice demanded the city's surrender. </li></ul><ul><li>Buenos Aires' mayor Martín de Álzaga organised the defence of the city by digging trenches, fortifying buildings and erecting fences with great popular support </li></ul>
  24. 24. Second Invasion 1807 <ul><li>Whitelocke resolved to attack Buenos Aires </li></ul><ul><li>He divided his army into 12 columns and advanced without the protection of the artillery </li></ul><ul><li>His army was met on the streets by a determined militia, and fighting continued on the streets of Buenos Aires on 4 July and 5 July. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Second Invasion 1807 <ul><li>Whitelocke underestimated the importance of urban combat, in which the inhabitants of the city overwhelmed the British troops. </li></ul><ul><li>the British controlled Retiro but the city's centre was still in the hands of the defenders, and the invaders were demoralized. </li></ul><ul><li>At this point, a Spanish counter-attack defeated many important British commanders </li></ul>
  26. 26. Second Invasion 1807 <ul><li>Whitelocke proposed a 24-hour truce, which was rejected by Liniers, who ordered an artillery attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Whitelocke signed a ceasefire with Liniers on 12 August. </li></ul><ul><li>He left the Río de la Plata basin taking with him the British forces in Buenos Aires, Montevideo, and Colonia. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Second Invasion 1807 <ul><li>he was court-martialed and cashiered, mainly for surrendering Montevideo </li></ul><ul><li>Liniers was later named Viceroy of the Río de la Plata by the Spanish Crown </li></ul><ul><li>He left the Río de la Plata basin taking with him the British forces in Buenos Aires, Montevideo, and Colonia. </li></ul>
  28. 28. In conclusion <ul><li>The people of Buenos Aires became concious that they had to fight the British invasions by themselves, with little help from the Spanish Crown, and given the Spanish King was captured by Napoleón, the idea of independence from Spain grew stronger. Less than 3 years after the second invasion, the May Revolution took place in 1810, as a prelude to the Declaration of Independence of Argentina of 1816. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Images Treasures of war
  30. 30. Images <ul><li>Re-conquest of “La Virgen del Rosario” </li></ul>
  31. 31. Images 2006: Two hundred years later
  32. 32. Images
  33. 33. Images Map of Buenos Aires
  34. 34. Images William Pitt and Napoleon Beresford
  35. 35. Images Flags And Ships
  36. 36. Images Soldado Patricio British soldier
  37. 37. Images Spanish Ship
  38. 38. Bibliography <ul><li>www. </li></ul><ul><li>Sebastian´s Pride – Wilkinson, Susan </li></ul><ul><li>Cronista Mayor de Buenos Aires – Núm 54 Año 8 Buenos Aires julio 2006 </li></ul>
  39. 39. The end!!!!! Now let´s check the activities