213 History parallels part 1

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An overview of the way God was working to make a preparation to receive the messiah through Jewish history

An overview of the way God was working to make a preparation to receive the messiah through Jewish history

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  • 1. God’s providence of restoration from Abraham until Jesus
  • 2. What causes historical events? Free will Historical event Real situation Purpose
  • 3. Internal and external causes Historical event Internal cause- God’s providence Which is expressed as: External cause- Clash of political and economic interests
  • 4. Pattern of restoration Adam Abraham Isaac Noah Jacob Jacob to Haran Jacob Returns Jacob to Egypt 1600 400 120 40 21 40 120 years building the Ark 40 day flood judgement Sending out dove 3 times
  • 5. Why is there a pattern? • To restore through indemnity a previous failure, a similar situation arises where people have to not repeat earlier mistakes • Repeated attempts to restore foundation for the messiah – Spiritual community – Rule of law, Freedom of speech • More prolonged, heavier the conditions – Horizontal restoration of vertical conditions
  • 6. Jewish History 400 Slavery in Egypt • Abraham’s mistake in the offering • Jacob’s 12 sons and 70 kinsmen go to Egypt • Maintained their identity – Circumcision, Sabbath, offerings • Pyramid building • Moses - Pharaoh humbled – 3 signs, 10 plagues • Exodus • Mount Sinai - Covenant, Torah and Tabernacle • Entered Promised Land Gen. 15:13
  • 7. Jewish History • Judges 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges – Prophet, priest, ‘king’ – Divided land, loose confederation of 12 tribes – Ruled by God and law After that whole generation had been gathered to their fathers, another generation grew up, who knew neither the Lord nor what he had done for Israel. Then the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord and served the Baals. Then the Lord handed them over to raiders who plundered them. Then the Lord raised up judges, who saved them out of the hands of these raiders. Judges 2:10-16
  • 8. “The government of the Israelites was a federation, held together by no political authority, but by the unity of race and faith, and founded, not on physical force, but on a voluntary covenant. The principle of self-government was carried out not only in each tribe, but in every group of at least 120 families; and there was neither privilege of rank, nor inequality before the law. Monarchy was so alien to the primitive spirit of the community that it was resisted by Samuel.” The History of Freedom and Other Essays by John Acton
  • 9. Jewish History 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges • Judges – Prophet, priest, ‘king’ – Divided land, loose confederation of 12 tribes – Ruled by God and law – Gideon told them, "I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over you. The Lord will rule over you.” Judges 8:23 • Struggles with Philistines • Foundation of faith lost – “Went after other gods” – Wanted a king • Foundation of substance lost – Lack of unity between tribes After that whole generation had been gathered to their fathers, another generation grew up, who knew neither the Lord nor what he had done for Israel. Then the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord and served the Baals. Then the Lord handed them over to raiders who plundered them. Then the Lord raised up judges, who saved them out of the hands of these raiders. Judges 2:10-16
  • 10. The people demand a king • People said to Samuel: “We want a king over us. Then we will be like all the other nations, with a king to lead us and to go out before us and fight our battles.” • God replied to Samuel: “Listen to all that the people are saying to you; it is not you they have rejected, but they have rejected me as their king.” Samuel 8
  • 11. What will the king do? • God warned the people that a king would: – Conscript their sons as soldiers – Turn their daughters into servants – Take best fields and vineyards – Take one tenth of harvest – Take one tenth of flocks – “You shall be his slaves”
  • 12. Jewish History 120 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy • Samuel anointed Saul – Lack of unity – Didn’t kill all Amalakites • Samuel anointed David 1040 - 922 BC Saul, David & Solomon, 3 x 40 “And I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in my heart and in my mind. And I will build him a sure house, and he shall go in and out before my anointed forever.” I Samuel 2:35
  • 13. How did David inherit the throne? Saul Filial piety Won love and respect Own sons corrupt Jonathan David Goliath Satan Samuel Providence for the start Offered his position Cain Abel Filial piety Tried to kill Jonathan made a covenant with David, because he loved him as his own soul. And Jonathan gave his robe and armour and sword and bow to David. I Samuel 18:3-4
  • 14. How did David inherit the throne? Saul Filial piety Won love and respect Own sons corrupt Jonathan David Goliath Satan Samuel Providence for the start Offered his position Cain Abel Filial piety Tried to kill Jonathan, Saul’s son visited David at Horesh and encouraged him in God. He said, “Don’t despair. My father, Saul, can’t lay a hand on you. You will be israel’s king and I’ll be right at your side to help. And my father knows it.” I Samuel 23:16-18
  • 15. Jewish History 120 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy • Samuel anointed Saul – Lack of unity – Jonathan and David • Samuel anointed David – Psalms of David – House of God – House of David 1040 - 922 BC Saul, David & Solomon, 3 x 40
  • 16. A Psalm of David The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life, and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD forever. Psalm 23
  • 17. The Lord is my shepherd
  • 18. Lineage is the House of God David offered to build God a house to dwell in - Temple God replied: “I will make for you a great name. I will make you a house. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me; Your throne shall be established forever.” 2 Samuel 7 House = Temple = dynasty = lineage
  • 19. Jewish History 120 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy • Samuel anointed Saul – Lack of unity – Jonathan and David • Samuel anointed David – Psalms of David – House of God – House of David – David’s wives • Michal • Abigail 1040 - 922 BC • Bathsheba Saul, David & Solomon, 3 x 40
  • 20. David and Bathsheba Nathan the prophet: Why have you despised the word of the Lord? David Bathsheba Uriah Eve Lucifer Solomon Abel He called his name Solomon and the Lord loved him.
  • 21. "King David was a great sage. When he saw Uriah the Hittite, he knew that he was the Serpent who had seduced Eve, and when he saw Bathsheba he knew that she was Eve, and he knew that he himself was Adam. Thus, he wished to take Bathsheba from Uriah, because she was destined to be David’s mate. And the reason Nathan the prophet chastised him was because he hurried, and did not wait. For his haste caused him to go to her without performing tikkun (restoration). Sefer Peli’ah (Judaism)
  • 22. David and Bathsheba Nathan the prophet: Why have you despised the word of the Lord? David Bathsheba Uriah Adam Eve Lucifer Solomon Maachah Absalom Cain Abel He called his name Solomon and the Lord loved him. Amnon Killed Raped Tamar Absalom’s sister Rebellion
  • 23. Solomon becomes King David Bathsheba Adam Eve Solomon Haggith Adonijah Cain Abel Adonijah, the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will be king”. I Kings 1:5 Nathan King
  • 24. Jewish History 120 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy • Samuel anointed Saul – Lack of unity – Jonathan and David • Samuel anointed David – Psalms of David – House of God – House of David – Bathsheba & Uriah affair – Decline • Nathan anointed Solomon – Song of Solomon – Proverbs of Solomon – Built Temple – Temple completion of Exodus 1040 - 922 BC Saul, David & Solomon, 3 x 40
  • 25. Proverbs of Solomon • A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother. 2 Treasures gained by wickedness do not profit, but righteousness deliver • 3 The LORD does not let the righteous go hungry but he thwarts the craving of the wickeds from death. 4 A slack hand causes poverty, but the hand of the diligent makes rich. 5 He who gathers in summer is a prudent son, but he who sleeps in harvest is a son who brings shame.
  • 26. How did Solomon build the temple? King Solomon conscripted labourers from all Israel—30,000 men. He sent them off to Lebanon in shifts of 10,000 a month, so that they spent one month in Lebanon and two months at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labour. Solomon had 70,000 carriers and 80,000 stonecutters in the hills, as well as 3,300 foremen who supervised the project and directed the work. I Kings 5:27-30
  • 27. How was the tabernacle built? God spoke to Moses saying: “Speak to the Israelites and have them bring Me an offering. Take My offering from everyone whose heart impels him to give . . . They shall make a Sanctuary for Me and I will dwell in them.” Exodus 25:2,8
  • 28. Jewish History • Samuel anointed Saul 120 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy – Lack of unity – Jonathan and David • Samuel anointed David – Psalms of David – House of God – House of David – Bathsheba & Uriah affair – Decline • Nathan anointed Solomon – Song of Solomon – Proverbs of Solomon – Built Temple • Foundation of faith invaded – Married foreign women – Went after other gods • No foundation of substance – Rehaboam and Jeroboam 1040 - 922 BC Saul, David & Solomon, 3 x 40
  • 29. Why did the kingdom split? • Jeroboam chosen by God to rule 10 tribes – Ahijah the prophet (I Kings 11:27-40) – ‘If you walk in my ways . . . I will be with you.’ • Rehaboam inherits kingship from Solomon • Jeroboam and tribal leaders – “Your father made our yoke heavy. Lighten the yoke upon us and we will serve you faithfully.” • Rehaboam replied: – “I will add to your yoke; my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.” Division
  • 30. How was the kingdom divided?
  • 31. Jewish History 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms • Northern Kingdom Israel – Jeroboam (exiled leader) – 19 kings in 260 years – Prophets - Elijah, Elisha, Amos – No repentance – 721 BC Assyrians invaded – “Lost tribes of Israel” 922 - 597 BC Kingdom divided into Israel (North) and Judah (South)
  • 32. Assyrian empire
  • 33. Jewish History 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms • Southern Kingdom Judah – Rehaboam – 20 kings in 394 years – Idolatry and corruption – Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah – 597 BC Babylonians invaded • Collapse of autocratic society 922 - 597 BC Kingdom divided into Israel (North) and Judah (South)
  • 34. Babylonian empire
  • 35. Jewish History 210 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return • Babylonian Exile – King Nebuchadnezzar – King Jehoiachin + 10,000 Jews into captivity – 597 - 527 BC – Purification • Persians conquer Babylon Captivity 70 years: 597- 527 BC Return 140 years: 527- 400 BC
  • 36. Persian empire
  • 37. Jewish History 210 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return • Return to Jerusalem – Edict of King Cyrus 538 BC – Return in 3 waves – Reformation of nation – Rebuilding Temple – Ezra the Scribe 458 BC – Nehemiah 445 BC Captivity 70 years: 597- 527 BC Return 140 years: 527- 400 BC
  • 38. Jewish History 400 BC – Birth of Christ 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return Prep. for the Messiah • Preparation for messiah – Temple rebuilt – Study scripture – Malachi 430 BC – Prophesied that Elijah would come before the Messiah
  • 39. Worldwide reformation Socrates (470 - 389 BC) Buddha (565 - 485 BC) Confucius (552 - 479 BC) Mahavir (599-527 BC) Zarathustra 600 BC
  • 40. Jewish History • Malachi 400 BC – Birth of Christ 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return Prep. for the Messiah • Other religious leaders – Buddha (565 - 485 BC) – Confucius (552 - 479 BC) – Socrates (470 - 389 BC) • Empire of Alexander the Great (356 - 323 BC)
  • 41. Empire of Alexander the Great (356 - 323 BC) Hellenisation: Spread of Greek culture: Philosophy Democracy Science Games Theatre Art Government Language Population Synthesis of Hebraism and Hellenism Seleucid Empire Hellenisation Loss of faith Corruption Antiochus IV Epiphanes Intense suffering Macaabean revolt 164 BC Roman Empire 63 BC
  • 42. Original nature of human being Internal aspect External aspect Hebraism Hellenism Movements to restore original human nature Both are good and necessary Both need to be integrated with Hebraism in subject position Only by Cain-type Hellenism submitting to Abel-type Hebraism could Satan be separated from the prevailing spirit of the age. Then the foundation of substance necessary for receiving Christ at the Second Advent could be established worldwide. EDP, 350
  • 43. Hebraism and Hellenism • Israel • Spiritual culture, Abel • Listening • Free will • Theist • Divine laws • Revelation, faith • Worshipping community • Modest dress • Sexually conservative • Greece • Material culture, Cain • Seeing • Fate • Humanist • Human laws • Reason, science • Political community • Exercise in nude • Sexually liberal
  • 44. Different responses • Hellenisation – Abandonment of Jewish traditions – Adoption of Hellenist culture and identity • Religious fundamentalism – Rejection of everything Greek or Roman • Synthesis response – Philo of Alexandria
  • 45. How did the Romans come to occupy Israel? • 63 BC Syria made a Roman province • Israel’s monarch Queen Salome died – Hyrcanus and Aristobulus -> civil war • Pompey invited to intervene • After Hyrcanus’ death Antipater became 1st Roman Procurator • 44 BC Herod the Great – King of the Jews
  • 46. An alternative future Parthian Empire Defeated Seleucids Culturally heterogenous Religious pluralistic Defeated Romans 53BC Later invaded by Rome Would have been better for Israel to be part of Parthian than Roman Empire
  • 47. Roman Empire Buildings Roads Law Peace Trade Currency Religious toleration
  • 48. Jewish History 400 BC – Birth of Christ 400 Slavery in Egypt Judges United Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return Prep. for the Messiah • Malachi • Other religious leaders – Buddha (565 - 485 BC) – Confucius (552 - 479 BC) – Socrates (470 - 389 BC) • Empire of Alexander the Great (356 - 323 BC) – Spread Hellenism • Synthesis Hebraism and Hellenism – Philo of Alexandria • Roman Empire – Roads, Buildings – Pax Romana
  • 49. Jewish History Slavery in Egypt Judges Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return 400 400 120 400 210 Prep. for the Messiah 400 Jesus
  • 50. Jewish History Slavery in Egypt Judges Israelite Monarchy Divided Kingdoms Exile and Return 400 400 120 400 210 Prep. for the Messiah 400 Killed Jesus