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And God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it.”
What was God’s original ideal? Mature Person Mind Body God Society Nation World Happy Family Adam God Eve Heaven Person Creation God
What went wrong?
Ideal and Fall God Man Perfect Person God Man Fallen Person God Man Satan
What were the results of the Fall? Sinful Person Mind Body Satan Society Nation World Fallen Family Adam Satan Eve Hell Person Creation Satan
Whose job is it to fix things?
The messiah is the new Adam
For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man’s righteousness many will be made righteous. Romans 5:19
For as by one man came death, so by a man has come the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. I Corinthians 15:22-23
Salvation God Christ Man Satan “ I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me.” John 14:6 The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil. I John 3:8 For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men; the man Jesus Christ. 1 Timothy 2:6
What is the mission of the Messiah?
For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulders and his name will be called, ‘ Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace .’ Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David, and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time and forever more.
The Messianic vision
The Messiah comes to change the lineage God Satan True Father True Mother Eve Adam Sinless children Sinful Children Rebirth “ Unless one is born anew, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” John 3:3
I have given you as a covenant to the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness.
Complete salvation Messiah Spirit Body Spiritual Salvation Physical Salvation Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Matthew 6:10
What were the Jews expecting 2000 years ago? Egyptians Assyrians Greeks Romans Babylonians Persians
What would happen before the Messiah came?
“ Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes. And he will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the land with a curse.” Malachi 4:5-6
What was the mission of John the Baptist?
“ And he [John] will turn the hearts of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God, and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah , . . . to make ready for the Lord a people prepared .” Luke 1:14-17
“ And you child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways .” Luke 1:76
There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came for testimony to bear witness to the light, that all might believe through him . John 1:6-8
To prepare the people for the Messiah by calling them to repentance and baptism
To tell everyone that Jesus was the Messiah so that they would believe in him and follow him
To be Jesus’ chief disciple and supporter
What were the prophecies when Jesus was born?
“ He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there will be no end .”
Did Jesus’ parents support him?
After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to their questions; and all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. Luke 2:46-47
And he said to them, “How is it that you sought me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” And they did not understand the saying which he spoke to them .
What did John the Baptist do?
In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
As the people were in expectation, and all men questioned in their hearts concerning John, whether perhaps he were the Christ, John answered them all, “I baptise you with water; but he who is mightier than I is coming, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie; he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.”
John was highly respected
And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” He confessed, he did not deny, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.”
John denies being the Elijah
John testifies to Jesus
“ Behold the lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world” John 1: 29
“ And I have seen and borne witness that this is the Son of God.”
John 1: 34
What should have happened next?
John should have become Jesus’ chief disciple
The Jewish people and leaders would have accepted Jesus as the Messiah
The prophecies in Isaiah would have been realised
The kingdom of God would have been established
Jesus John the Baptist Religious leaders Jewish people Roman Empire Eastern peoples
What did happen?
John did not follow Jesus
So Jesus took responsibility for John’s failure and restored his mission
Jesus fasted for 40 days to restore the foundation of faith
Jesus restored the three blessings
First temptation – restore 1 st Blessing
Second temptation – restore 2 nd Blessing
Third temptation – restore 3 rd Blessing
And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from him until an opportune time. Luke 4:13
Jesus restores John’s mission
Jesus found his own disciples
He preached the same message as John:
“ Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Matthew 4:17
Jesus and his disciples went into the land of Judea; there he remained with them and baptised. John was also baptising at Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there; and people came and were baptised. John 3:22-23
Rivalry between Jesus and John
Now when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptising more disciples than John . . . he left Judea and departed again to Galilee. John 4:1-3
Why didn’t John follow Jesus?
Own concept of the messiah
“ He who comes after me the thong of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie.” John 1:27
Couldn’t recognise Jesus was the messiah
“ I myself did not know him.” John 1:33
Knew about Jesus’ family background
Didn’t imagine sharing Jesus’ future
“ He must increase but I must decrease.” John 3:30
Didn’t act on the inspiration and it faded
What happened to John?
Herod had seized John and bound him in prison, for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife; because John said to him, “It is not lawful for you to have her.” Matthew 14:3-4
John in prison
And he went about all Galilee teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every infirmity among the people.
And great crowds followed him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan.
Matthew 4: 25
Sermon on the Mount
And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes.
Jesus did miracles
“ That you might know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins ” - he then said to the paralytic – “Rise, take up your bed and go home.”
Jesus wanted people to believe
Then they said to him, “What must we do, to be doing the works of God?” Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him who he has sent .”
John’s question to Jesus
Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to him, “Are you he is to come, or shall we look for another?”
“ Go and tell John what you hear and see; the blind receive their sight and the lame walk . . . and the poor have the good news preached to them. And blessed is he who takes no offence at me .”
John receives Christ ’ s answer
Jesus’ judgement on John
“ Truly I say to you, among those born of women there has risen no one greater than John the Baptist; yet he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he .”
Jesus blames John
“ From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and men of violence take it by force.”
Opposition to Jesus
Some Jewish religious leaders were jealous that Jesus was so popular
Some disagreed with his teaching. E.g. the dispute about washing Mt. 15:1-20
Some disagreed with his actions. E.g. healing on the Sabbath
He didn’t match their idea of what a Messiah should be like. E.g. he was uneducated
Some were outraged about the claims he made about himself
He said he was the manifestation of God John 14:9-10
He said he was greater than the temple
He claimed to be more important than Abraham John 8:58
He claimed to be above the Mosaic Law
He said he was the mediator between people and God John 14:6
The death of John the Baptist
Now when Jesus heard this [the death of John], he withdrew from there to a place apart.
The Elijah problem
And the disciples asked him, “Then why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?” He replied, “ . . . Elijah has already come, and they did not know him, but did to him whatever they pleased.” . . . Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist.
Matthew 17: 10-13
Jesus declares John was Elijah
“ For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John; and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come.”
The problem Jesus John the Baptist Jewish people ? Jesus: John is Elijah John: I’m not Elijah
The significance of John John as Elijah Supports Jesus Denies Jesus Jesus accepted Jesus in difficulty
Jesus John the Baptist Religious leaders Jewish people Jesus unprotected
Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world; he who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” The Pharisees then said to him, “You are bearing witness to yourself; your witness is not true.”
John 8: 12-13
He offended religious leaders
“ But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you shut the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither enter yourselves, nor allow those who would to go in.” Matthew 23: 27
Who are these religious groups?
Ruling aristocratic priestly group, collaborators
Popular, democratic, synagogue, Oral Torah
Break away priestly group, near Dead Sea
Nationalist freedom fighters against Roman rule
Different responses to occupation and religious life
Who is Jesus attacking?
Majority time of Jesus
Connected to Zealots
Strict and extreme
Gentiles can’t be saved
Minority until Yavneh
Connected to Essenes
Liberal and moderate
Gentiles could be saved
Follow Noahic code
Two rival groups amongst the Pharisees 30 BCE-70 CE
What is going on here?
Is the conflict between Jesus and the Jews?
Jesus born, lived and died a practising Jew
All Jesus’ followers were Jews
The early church were Jews who believed in Jesus
Conflicts in the gospels are conflicts between Jews
The Pharisees were liberal reforming Jews who became the leaders of Judaism after 70 AD
Jesus was probably a Pharisee
Why does the New Testament appear to be anti-Jewish?
The gospels were written by Jews who believed in Jesus at a time when there was a lot of conflict between the early church and Judaism
Parting of the Ways – defining identities
Conflicts projected back into Jesus time
Gospel writers blamed the Jews and not the Romans for the crucifixion
“ . . . even though you do not believe me, believe the works that you may know and understand that the Father is in me and I am in the Father.”
Jesus wanted people to believe in him
Why did Jesus do miracles?
And Jesus lifted up his eyes and said, “Father, . . . I knew that thou hearest me always, but I have said this on account of the people standing by, that they might believe that thou didst send me .”
Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead
How did some leaders respond?
But when the Pharisees heard it [the healing of the blind and dumb demoniac] they said, “It is only by Beelzebub, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.”
Change of course
Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. And Peter took him and began to rebuke him saying, “God forbid Lord! This shall never happen to you.”
The two possible courses Jesus Christ Lord of Glory Lord of Suffering Accepted Rejected Isaiah 9 Luke 1 Isaiah 53 God’s Will “ I desire mercy, not sacrifice.” Matthew 9:13
Entry into Jerusalem
"Hosanna!" "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!" "Blessed is the King of Israel!”
“ Look how the whole world has gone after him!”
Yet at the same time many even among the leaders believed in him.
John 12: 13,19,42
What effect did this have?
‘ King of Israel’ and Messiah are political titles
Jesus rejected attempt to make him king
Jesus told disciples not to say he was messiah
Threat to Roman authority and rule
Roman fortress next to the Temple
Cleansing the Temple
And he was teaching daily in the temple. The chief priests and the scribes sought to destroy him; but they did not find anything they could do, for all the people hung upon his words.
Christ driving the money changers from the Temple
Chief priests plot against Jesus
Then the chief priests and elders gathered and took counsel to arrest Jesus by stealth and kill him. But they said, “Not during the feast, lest there be a tumult among the people.”
Why did they do this?
“ If we let him go on like this, every one will believe in him, and the Romans will come and destroy our holy place and our nation.” Caiaphas said, “It is expedient that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation should not perish.”
Ossuary of the high priest Joseph Caiaphas
The Last Supper
Washes the disciples feet
Predicts betrayal by Judas and denial by Peter
And being in great agony he prayed more earnestly and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down onto the ground.
Prayer in Gethsemane
“ My Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me, nevertheless, not as I will but as thou wilt.”
Why didn’t Jesus want to die?
He understood God’s providence and didn’t want God’s heart to be broken again
He wanted to bring complete salvation to his followers
He knew his followers would suffer
He knew that the chosen people of Israel who had suffered so much already would go through untold suffering
Jesus sacrificed himself
“ For this reason the Father loves me, because I lay down my life, that I may take it again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord . I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it up again; this charge I have received from my Father.”
Betrayal by Judas
Then Satan entered into Judas . . .
“ . . . woe to that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had never been born.”
The betrayal of Jesus
The disciples ran away
Peter denied him
Unfair trial by Sanhedrin
Pilate failed to protect him
He was despised and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief.
A perfect sacrifice
He offered himself without blemish to God, a spiritual and eternal sacrifice; and his blood will cleanse our conscience from the deadness of our former ways and fit us for service of the living God.
Scourging of Jesus
He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that made us whole, and with his stripes we are healed.
The crucifixion of Christ
And those who passed by derided him, wagging their heads and saying, “You would destroy the temple and build it up in three days, save yourself.”
The last words
“ My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”
“ Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit.”
“ Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do.”
If Christ had not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.
I Corinthians 15:17
Establishes the Church Foundation of Faith Foundation of Substance Foundation for the Messiah Offering – Word Central person - Jesus Time period – 40 days Restored disciples Pentecost and rebirth
Salvation through the cross Jesus Spirit Body Spiritual Salvation Physical Salvation “ . . . we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the spirit, groan inwardly as we wait for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.” Romans 8:23 Romans 7:21-25
Spiritual salvation But to all who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God; who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. John 1:12-13 Believers Jesus God Holy Spirit
For I delight in the law of God, in my inmost self, but I see in my members another law at war with the law of my mind making me captive to the law of sin which dwells in my members. Wretched man that I am!
The human situation
Complete salvation Messiah Spirit Body Spiritual Salvation Physical Salvation Thy kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Matthew 6:10
Second Advent Marriage Supper of the Lamb New Heaven And New Earth Society Nation World True Children . True Father God True Mother
Why do Christians traditionally believe that Jesus was supposed to be crucified?
The road to Emmaus
“ But we hoped that he was the one to redeem Israel.”
“ Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?”
What were the consequences of the rejection of Jesus?
The destruction of the Temple and Jewish nation for 2000 years
The separation of Judaism and Christianity
The corruption of Christianity by Rome
The breakdown of the Roman Empire
The sending of Muhammad and rise of Islam
“ For mine eyes have seen thy salvation which thou hast prepared in the presence of all peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles.”
Wrong guests at the wedding
“ The wedding is ready, but those invited are not worthy. Go therefore, to the thorough-fare, and invite as many people as you find.” And those servants went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both bad and good.
“ The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.”
Love not sacrifice
For I desire steadfast love and not sacrifice, the knowledge of God, rather than burnt offerings.
Luke 9:1-6 sending out of the 12
Luke 10:1 – appointment of 70
John 6:66 – disciples draw back after hard sayings
John 7:5 – brothers didn’t believe
“ . . . we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the spirit, groan inwardly as we wait for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.”
“ The world hates me . . . because I testify to it that its works are evil.”
The writer of the Gospel of John after reporting John the Baptist’s words,
“ He must increase but I must decrease.”
He who believes in the Son has eternal life; he who does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God rests upon him .
“ The men of Nineveh will arise at the judgement with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold something greater than Jonah is here.”
“ For the days shall come upon you, when your enemies will . . . Dash you to the ground, you and your children within you, and they will not leave one stone upon another in you; because you did not know the time of your visitation .”