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The Life of Jesus
What was the original will of God? <ul><li>So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male a...
How were we to become like God?
The three Great Blessings <ul><li>And God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the eart...
What was God’s original ideal? Mature Person Mind Body God Society Nation World Happy   Family Adam God Eve Heaven Person ...
What went wrong?
Ideal and Fall God Man God Man God Man Satan
What were the results of the Fall? Sinful Person Mind Body Satan Society Nation World Fallen   Family Adam Satan Eve Hell ...
Whose job is it to fix things?
The messiah is the new Adam <ul><li>For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man’s righteousness...
Salvation God Christ Man Satan “ I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me.” John 1...
What is the mission of the Messiah?
<ul><li>For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulders and his name will b...
The Messiah comes to change the lineage God Satan True Father True Mother Eve Adam Sinless children Sinful Children Rebirt...
World salvation <ul><li>I have given you as a covenant to the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the p...
Complete salvation Messiah Spirit Body Spiritual Salvation Physical Salvation Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, on earth...
What were the Jewish people expecting 2000 years ago?  Egyptians Assyrians Greeks Romans Babylonians Persians
What would happen before the Messiah came? <ul><li>“ Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and terrib...
What was the mission of  John the Baptist? <ul><li>“ And he [John] will turn the hearts of the sons of Israel to the Lord ...
<ul><li>“ And you child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord  to prepare his ways...
John’s mission <ul><li>To prepare the people for the Messiah by calling them to repentance and baptism </li></ul><ul><li>T...
What were the prophecies when Jesus was born?
The annunciation <ul><li>“ He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give him t...
Who was Jesus’ father? <ul><li>Anne said: 'O my Lord, I have vowed to you what is in my womb to be dedicated to your servi...
Zechariah’s family Elizabeth Zechariah Mary John Baptist Jesus Joseph Abraham Jacob Hagar Rachel Sarah Leah Archangel Cain...
Did Jesus’ parents support him? <ul><li>After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listeni...
<ul><li>And he said to them, “How is it that you sought me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” And  th...
What did John the Baptist do?
Foundation to receive the Messiah Jewish  people John  Baptist God (Abel) (Cain) Foundation of faith Central figure: John ...
<ul><li>In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at...
<ul><li>As the people were in expectation, and  all men questioned in their hearts concerning John, whether perhaps he wer...
<ul><li>And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?...
John testifies to Jesus <ul><li>“ Behold the lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world.”  John 1: 29 </li></ul><ul...
What should have happened next? <ul><li>John should have become Jesus’ chief disciple </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish people ...
Jesus John the Baptist Religious leaders Jewish people Other Semitic People Roman  Empire
What did happen? <ul><li>John did not follow Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>So Jesus took responsibility for John’s failure and r...
Why didn’t John follow Jesus? <ul><li>Own concept of the messiah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ He who comes after me the thong o...
Second foundation for messiah  Jewish  people Jesus God (Abel) (Cain) Foundation of faith Central figure: Jesus in place o...
Jesus is tempted by Satan <ul><li>First temptation  </li></ul><ul><li>The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the So...
Jesus is tempted by Satan <ul><li>Second temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him...
Jesus is tempted by Satan <ul><li>Third Temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and...
Jesus restores John’s mission <ul><li>Jesus found his own disciples </li></ul><ul><li>He preached the same message as John...
Jesus baptises Jesus and his disciples went into the land  of Judea; there he remained with them  and baptised. John was a...
Rivalry between Jesus and John <ul><li>Now when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and bapti...
What happened to John? <ul><li>Herod had seized John and bound him in prison, for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip...
Galilean Spring <ul><li>And he went about all Galilee teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel of the kingdom...
The people accept Jesus <ul><li>And great crowds followed him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and f...
Wanted to make Jesus ‘king’ <ul><li>When the people saw the sign which he had done, they said, “This is indeed the prophet...
Sermon on the Mount <ul><li>And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he taug...
Jesus did miracles <ul><li>“ That you might know that  the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins ” – he then s...
Jesus wanted people to believe <ul><li>Then they said to him, “What must we do, to be doing the works of God?” Jesus answe...
Messianic secret <ul><li>Jesus asked his disciples, &quot;Who do you say I am?&quot; Peter answered, &quot;You are the Mes...
What was the messianic mission? <ul><li>God’s ‘annointed one’ </li></ul><ul><li>Called God’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Bring b...
John’s question to Jesus <ul><li>Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciple...
Jesus’ response <ul><li>“ Go and tell John what you hear and see; the blind receive their sight and the lame walk . . . an...
Jesus’ judgement on John <ul><li>“ Truly I say to you, among those born of women there has risen no one greater than John ...
Jesus blames John <ul><li>“ From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and m...
The death of John the Baptist <ul><li>Now when Jesus heard this [the death of John], he withdrew from there to a place apa...
The Elijah problem <ul><li>And the disciples asked him, “Then why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?” He repl...
Jesus declares John was Elijah <ul><li>“ For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John; and if you are willing to...
The problem Jesus John  the Baptist Jewish  people ? Jesus:  “ John is Elijah” John: “ I’m not Elijah”
Who to believe? <ul><li>Jesus of Nazareth </li></ul><ul><li>Questionable birth </li></ul><ul><li>Nazareth </li></ul><ul><l...
The significance of John John as  Elijah Supports Jesus Denies Jesus Jesus  accepted Jesus in difficulty John’s ignorance ...
Jesus John the Baptist Religious leaders Jewish people
<ul><li>Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world; he who follows me will not walk in darkness, but ...
 
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210 The Life of Jesus part 1 WH

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  • Before we examine the life of Jesus we need to remind ourselves of God’ original will, his purpose of creation. The original will is in the theology of creation. Too often we focus on salvation. God had a dream, a vision and ideal. He wanted to create beings like himself with which he could share his love and everything. So God created human beings as his children in his image and likeness so that he could enjoy a relationship of love with us.
  • These three fold blessings are a central concept in the Bible. God gave these blessings to Adam and Eve and later to Noah and Abraham
  • Goal is to be perfect, “You must be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect.” Mt. Due to fall came under the dominion of Satan. Instead of God as parent worshipped other gods. Rejected God’s way of life – purity, honesty, goodness and embraced Satan’s way of life – impurity, selfishness, dishonesty, murder, violence. Resemble Satan more than resemble God. “ You are of your father the devil and your will is to do your father’s desires.”
  • In the garden of Eden was the archangel Lucifer who rebelled against God and refused to bow down to Adam and Eve who he did not respect. Lucifer undermined Eve’s faith and tempted her to disobey God’s commandment. In giving into her desire for the fruit she turned away from God and become self-centred. Eve offered the fruit to Adam and he also disobeyed God’s commandment and ate it. Through this Adam and Eve became slaves to sin and Satan came to rule humanity. People came to be part of SATAN’s lineage. “You are of your father the devil.” People born with original sin. Dominated by physical desire. Finding identity in idolatry, false and empty religion, nationalism etc. This broke God’s heart. But God looked forward to the day when everything would be put right.
  • Because the fall was man’s fault, man has to restore it not God’s. So the messiah is a person – not God. He is a perfect person so fully human and fully divine
  • Have to cut off from Satan – at the risk of life deny Satan’s way of life and follow the Messiah. Leave the dead to bury the dead. Complete, unconditional self denial and sacrifice. Cut off all ties to Satan.
  • The messiah means the anointed one. The Jews had a very clear vision of what the messiah’s job was – to liberate Israel and establish peace and justice
  • The messiah comes to bring salvation to the individual, family, society, nation and world – to be a light. He comes to ‘set the captives free’, to release people from from Satan’s sovereignty into the freedom of the sovereignty of God. to restore the fall of man, destroy Satan’s soverngity and establish ideal family and peace
  • One of the messiah’s titles is Everlasting Father. The messiah comes to establish God’s original ideal – Kingdom of Heaven. To do this he has to save people from their sin, to restore people back to the position they would have had before the fall – i.e. sinless and able to give birth to children without original sin. Change people from Satan’s lineage to God’s lineage. This is why have to be born again. Jesus came as the second Adam, as the True Father to sinful people. When Jesus forgave sins he referred to himself as the father of those he healed. Mt 9:2,22 Wild olive trees grafted onto true olive tree.
  • The messiah doesn’t just come to liberate the Jewish people but the whole world. Prisoners of Satan living in ignorance. Jewish people for the world
  • Jesus prayed was for spiritual and physical salvation
  • The Jews were longing for the messiah to come. They had been occupied or controlled by one foreign power after another for 1000 years – the Egyptians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks and finally the Romans. The last two in particular had tried hard to destroy and undermine the Jewish religion. As a result the Jewish people longed for freedom and independence. They longed for a deliverer and were expecting God to send the messiah.
  • On the oft chance that people wouldn’t recognize and accept the Messiah and thus be cursed, God said he would send the prophet Elijah to prepare the way for him. Elijah was the greatest of the Old Testament, second only to Moses. He lived during the period of the divided kingdoms and his mission was to separate the people from Satan by exposing the emptiness of idol worship and destroying the priests of Baal. Unfortunately he was unable to complete his mission and it was passed on to his follower Elisha. The next 400 years from Malachi until the birth of Jesus was a time for the people to prepare to receive the messiah by rejecting idol worship and uniting in worshipping God and living according to the Torah. Picture is Malachi - Ezra the Scribe
  • An angel spoke to Zechariah and told him that his wife Elizabeth would have a child who they were to call John and prophesied that he would be the Elijah figure foretold by Malachi.
  • John’s father Zechariah prophesied that John would be the one to prepare the way for the Messiah. Prepare the way for what – for Christ to be accepted. John’s mission wasn’t to prepare the people to reject and kill him. As it says in John his job was to bear witness that all might believe.
  • John the Baptist was the person foretold by Malachi. His job was to prepare the people so that they would believe in and follow the Messiah when he came so that he could realise the vision of Isaiah. In Biblical Hebrew, the idea of repentance is represented by two verbs: שוב shuv (to return) and נחם nicham (to feel sorrow). Sincere repentance is manifested when the same temptation to sin, under the same conditions, is ever after resolutely resisted &amp;quot;The Holy One, blessed be His name, said to Elijah, &apos;Behold, the precious gift which I have bestowed on my world: though a man sins again and again, but returns in penitence, I will receive him&apos;&amp;quot; (Jerusalem Talmud Sanhedrin 28b). &amp;quot;Great is repentance: it brings healing into the world&amp;quot;; &amp;quot;it reaches to the throne of God&amp;quot; (Hosea 14:2, 5); &amp;quot;it brings redemption&amp;quot; (Isaiah 59:20); &amp;quot;it prolongs man&apos;s life&amp;quot; (Ezekiel 18:21; Talmud Yoma 86a). &amp;quot;Repentance and works of charity are man&apos;s intercessors before God&apos;s throne&amp;quot; (Talmud Sabbath 32a). Sincere repentance is equivalent to the rebuilding of the Temple, the restoration of the altar, and the offering of all the sacrifices repentance is the prerequisite of atonement No one need despair on account of his or her sins, for every penitent sinner is graciously received by God. (Jeremiah 31:9). Jewish doctrine holds that it is never too late, even on the day of death, to return to God with sincere repentance for &amp;quot;as the sea is always open for every one who wishes to cleanse himself, so are the gates of repentance always open to the sinner&amp;quot; [13]. Jewish doctrine states that the hand of God is continually stretched out to receive a sinner [14]. One view in the Talmud holds that a repentant sinner attains a more exalted spiritual eminence than one who has never sinned (Talmud Berakhoth 34b.) It is a sin to taunt a repentant sinner by recalling their former sinful ways
  • Shortly after Elizabeth conceived John, her cousin Mary also received a visit from an angel who told her that she too would bear a son called Jesus: This is similar to the vision of Isaiah. No hint here of the cross being the purpose 36. But when she was delivered of it, she said: &apos;O my Lord! Behold! I am delivered of a female child!&apos; - and Allah knew best what she brought forth - &apos;and nowise is the male like the female. I have named her Mariam, and I commit her and her offspring to Thy protection from the Evil One, the rejected.&apos; 37. So her Lord accepted her with a gracious acceptance: He made her grow in purity and beauty: to the care of Zakariya was she assigned. Every time Zakariya entered her chamber to see her, he found her supplied with sustenance. He said: &apos;O Mariam! Whence (comes) this to you?&apos; She replied: &apos;from Allah; surely Allah provides sustenance to whom He pleases without measure&apos;. &amp;quot;
  • Anne is Mary’s mother. She wanted a boy to offer to the Temple. But had a girl. She expected Mary to have children but wanted them to be pure and protected from Satan. According to the Qur’an Mary was given to Zechariah the priest to be looked after. She grew up in a room and he was the only person who visited her bringing her food etc.
  • Josephcould have dumped Mary but didn’t. good man. Some say shouldn’t have gone on to have sexual relations with Mary. Did had other children. How to experience sibling love if no bros, sis. James, brother of Jesus, became head of church in Jerusalem after death of Jesus. Other relatives killed 70.113 AD
  • As the messiah Jesus wanted to prepare for his mission by studying with religious scholars and leaders to learn and also to get to know them.
  • You can see in this painting by Simone Martini the tension between Jesus and his parents. Jesus is clearly angry with them for not realising where he would be and also for taking him away. They should have supported him to stay there. Other verses that show that Jesus’ family didn’t support him: “ And Jesus said [to his mother], ‘Woman, what have you to do with me?’” John 2:4. “ His mother and his brothers stood outside, asking to speak to him. But he replied to the man that told him, ‘Who is my mother, and who are my brothers? . . . For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother, and sister, and mother.’” Matthew 12:46-50. “ For even his brothers did not believe in him.” John 7:5. “ And when his friends heard it they went out to seize him, for they said, ‘He is beside himself.’” Mark 3:2
  • John B representing Elijah - strong life of faith. Preached. Peopled followed him Messiah came
  • John created some a powerful impression by his ascetic lifestyle and message that he wonder the respect of even the religious leaders who even thought he might be the Messiah himself.
  • For some reason John denied the mission that had been revealed to his father. This was to have serious consequences for Jesus Maybe didn’t want mission. Too hard. Difficult relations with father? Over expectations?
  • John baptises Jesus and declared “behold the lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world” John 1:29 Picture by Ivanov
  • With his acceptance by the Jewish people Jesus would have united with other religious groups in the East that were awaiting a saviour too and finally convert and transform the people of the Roman empire.
  • There is no record of John following Jesus. On the contrary the only time he is mentioned it is doing something different to Jesus. After the 3 temptations
  • Did 1ohn have difficult relationship with father? If father told him he was John was deny?
  • 1 st temptation – overcame the temptation of the flesh – turning stone into bread – c.f. Adam and Eve who gave into physical desire – established mind – body unity. Dt 8:3 Man shall not live by bread alone 2 nd temptation – overcame temptation to think he could violate the law (of gravity) (fall off the temple) with impunity – without suffering the consequences. Adam and Eve thought they could break God’s commandment, Fall, and not die. You shall not test the lord your God Dt. 6:16 “ You shall not tempt the Lord your God.” Dt 6:16 3 rd temptation – overcame the temptation to gain power at the compromising integrity. Means – ends. You shall worship the lord your God and him only will you serve. Dt 6:13 Temptation Satan approached when Jesus alone, isolated Son of god can do as he pleases. At baptism Jesus definded as pleasing God Jesus responds with exact quote of the divine word
  • 1 st temptation – overcame the temptation of the flesh – turning stone into bread – c.f. Adam and Eve who gave into physical desire – established mind – body unity. Dt 8:3 Man shall not live by bread alone 2 nd temptation – overcame temptation to think he could violate the law (of gravity) (fall off the temple) with impunity – without suffering the consequences. Adam and Eve thought they could break God’s commandment, Fall, and not die. You shall not test the lord your God Dt. 6:16 “ You shall not tempt the Lord your God.” Dt 6:16 3 rd temptation – overcame the temptation to gain power at the compromising integrity. Means – ends. You shall worship the lord your God and him only will you serve. Dt 6:13 Temptation Satan approached when Jesus alone, isolated Son of god can do as he pleases. At baptism Jesus definded as pleasing God Jesus responds with exact quote of the divine word
  • Preaching the kingdom was the good news. Theologians and Bible scholars agree that the imminent kingdom was the chief message of Jesus. So many kingdom verses
  • To restore the lost foundation established by John, Jesus also started to baptising people .
  • There were also disagreements about fasting Mt. 9:14 Also about purifying Jn. 3:25
  • Had John been about his Father’s business – namely supporting and following Jesus he wouldn’t have been arrested Without John’s support Jesus’ mission became more difficult. He needed John to be actively testifying to him. Anyway Jesus got on with his job.
  • Meanwhile, Jesus burst onto the scene and galvanised the people. Rembrandt’s 100 Guilder Print. Gospel of the kingdom
  • The ordinary people were attracted to Jesus
  • After feeding 5000
  • The constitution of the Kingdom of God. The popularity that Jesus had soon led to jealousy from the traditional religious leaders
  • Despite or maybe because of his popularity among ordinary people, some of the religious leaders who attended Jesus’ meeting to listen to him were becoming increasingly sceptical and critical of his teaching and actions. When he said to the cripple lowered through the roof, “Your sins are forgiven” they were shocked as they believed that only God had the authority to forgive sins. So Jesus did miracles as a way to prove to the sceptical religious leaders that he had authority from God for what he was saying and doing. He didn’t need to die to forgive sins. He could forgive them because he was who he was. If John had followed him he would not have had to do miracles.
  • The work of God was to believe in Jesus. And what of John? Did he continue to believe in Jesus?
  • At the same time Jesus told his disciples not to proclaim him as the messiah.
  • Messiah a very political concept. What would the Romans think about that? From 4 B.C. to A.D. 135, several Jews (including Jesus) claimed to be the &amp;quot;Messiah&amp;quot;. The announcement of each new &amp;quot;Messiah&amp;quot; was accompanied by an armed struggle against the Romans. Each of the Messiahs was executed (crucified) by Roman authorities without a trial. The Romans used instant punishment with immediate crucifixion as a public warning and deterrent against the Messiahs&apos; inspiration for a Jewish revolt against Roman rule. Philo wrote that Pilate&apos;s tenure was associated with &amp;quot;briberies, insults, robberies, outrages, wanton injustices, constantly repeated executions without trial, and ceaseless and grievous cruelty.&amp;quot; Claiming to be the &amp;quot;Messiah&amp;quot; was a capital offence. Jesus didn’t have the foundation in occupied Palestine to be proclaimed the Messiah.
  • Now some time later John sent disciples to Jesus. By this question John reveals that he is no longer sure that Jesus was the messiah. He is doubting revelation he received. By asking the question publicly he is undermining the testimony he gave at Jesus’ baptism. This meant that people who respected John would also start having second thoughts about Jesus. If even John was unsure, why should they follow? They would now also have legitimate reasons not to believe in Jesus
  • Jesus couldn’t say “Yes, I am the messiah” without discrediting himself completely. So he asks John to judge him by his deeds. “You shall know them by their fruits.” Jesus’ comment that the ‘poor have the good news preached to them’ is full of irony. He is not happy that he is not preaching to the religious leaders – the rich people who ought to have had the foundation to be able to understand him - which he would have been doing if he had had John’s support. Picture Samuel van Hoogstraten “St. John the Baptist in Prison receives Christ ’ s answer”
  • John didn’t make it into heaven. Not because belonged to previous dispensation but because he didn’t obey and follow Jesus.
  • Jesus implied that it was John’s fault that the kingdom of heaven was not established. Immediately after this Jesus condemns the cities of Chorazin, Bethsaida and Capernaum for rejecting him. All three were destroyed by earthquakes and never rebuilt.
  • Jesus was very upset about the death of John because it meant that the person who was supposed to tell everyone about him was now dead. This meant that his mission became much more difficult and that there was a real possibility that he would be rejected. Salome danced for John’s head
  • Now comes the famous Elijah problem. Malachi’s prophecy was that before the Messiah came, Elijah would come. If there is no Elijah anyone claiming to be the Messiah must be an impostor.
  • John had denied that he was Elijah. Jesus said that he was the Elijah. Only one could be correct or telling the truth. Who were the people to believe? John’s public questioning of Jesus did huge damage to Jesus’ mission.
  • With his acceptance by the Jewish people Jesus would have united with other religious groups in the East that were awaiting a saviour too and finally convert and transform the people of the Roman empire.
  • As it emphasises is the Gospel of John, it was John’s job to bear witness to Jesus. But he didn’t do it properly. So Jesus was left unprotected and vulnerable. Picture Holman Hunt
  • Transcript of "210 The Life of Jesus part 1 WH"

    1. 2. The Life of Jesus
    2. 3. What was the original will of God? <ul><li>So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female He created them. </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:27-28 </li></ul>
    3. 4. How were we to become like God?
    4. 5. The three Great Blessings <ul><li>And God blessed them, and God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it.” </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:28 </li></ul>
    5. 6. What was God’s original ideal? Mature Person Mind Body God Society Nation World Happy Family Adam God Eve Heaven Person Creation God
    6. 7. What went wrong?
    7. 8. Ideal and Fall God Man God Man God Man Satan
    8. 9. What were the results of the Fall? Sinful Person Mind Body Satan Society Nation World Fallen Family Adam Satan Eve Hell Person Creation Satan
    9. 10. Whose job is it to fix things?
    10. 11. The messiah is the new Adam <ul><li>For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man’s righteousness many will be made righteous. Romans 5:19 </li></ul><ul><li>For as by one man came death, so by a man has come the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. I Corinthians 15:22-23 </li></ul>
    11. 12. Salvation God Christ Man Satan “ I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but by me.” John 14:6 The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the works of the devil. I John 3:8 For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men; the man Jesus Christ. 1 Timothy 2:6
    12. 13. What is the mission of the Messiah?
    13. 14. <ul><li>For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulders and his name will be called, ‘ Wonderful Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace .’ Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David, and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time and forever more. </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 9:6-7 </li></ul>The Messianic vision
    14. 15. The Messiah comes to change the lineage God Satan True Father True Mother Eve Adam Sinless children Sinful Children Rebirth “ Unless one is born anew, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” John 3:3
    15. 16. World salvation <ul><li>I have given you as a covenant to the nations, to open the eyes that are blind, to bring out the prisoners from the dungeon, from the prison those who sit in darkness. </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 42:6-7 </li></ul>
    16. 17. Complete salvation Messiah Spirit Body Spiritual Salvation Physical Salvation Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Matthew 6:10
    17. 18. What were the Jewish people expecting 2000 years ago? Egyptians Assyrians Greeks Romans Babylonians Persians
    18. 19. What would happen before the Messiah came? <ul><li>“ Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes. And he will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children and the hearts of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the land with a curse.” </li></ul><ul><li> Malachi 4:5-6 </li></ul>
    19. 20. What was the mission of John the Baptist? <ul><li>“ And he [John] will turn the hearts of the sons of Israel to the Lord their God, and he will go before him in the spirit and power of Elijah , . . . to make ready for the Lord a people prepared .” </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 1:14-17 </li></ul>
    20. 21. <ul><li>“ And you child, will be called the prophet of the Most High; for you will go before the Lord to prepare his ways .” Luke 1:76 </li></ul><ul><li>There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came for testimony to bear witness to the light, that all might believe through him . John 1:6-8 </li></ul>
    21. 22. John’s mission <ul><li>To prepare the people for the Messiah by calling them to repentance and baptism </li></ul><ul><li>To tell everyone that Jesus was the Messiah so that they would believe in him and follow him </li></ul><ul><li>To be Jesus’ chief disciple and supporter </li></ul>
    22. 23. What were the prophecies when Jesus was born?
    23. 24. The annunciation <ul><li>“ He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there will be no end .” </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 1:32-33 </li></ul>
    24. 25. Who was Jesus’ father? <ul><li>Anne said: 'O my Lord, I have vowed to you what is in my womb to be dedicated to your service; so do accept it of me.’ </li></ul><ul><li>I have named her Mary, and I commit her and her offspring to your protection from the Evil One.' </li></ul><ul><li>Lord accepted her with a gracious acceptance: He made her grow in purity and beauty: to the care of Zechariah was she assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>Qur’an Surah 3: Al-Imran </li></ul>Mary greets Zechariah
    25. 26. Zechariah’s family Elizabeth Zechariah Mary John Baptist Jesus Joseph Abraham Jacob Hagar Rachel Sarah Leah Archangel Cain At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea, where she entered Zechariah's home and greeted Elizabeth. Luke 1:39
    26. 27. Did Jesus’ parents support him? <ul><li>After three days they found him in the temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to their questions; and all who heard him were amazed at his understanding and his answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 2:46-47 </li></ul>
    27. 28. <ul><li>And he said to them, “How is it that you sought me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father’s house?” And they did not understand the saying which he spoke to them . </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 2:50 </li></ul>
    28. 29. What did John the Baptist do?
    29. 30. Foundation to receive the Messiah Jewish people John Baptist God (Abel) (Cain) Foundation of faith Central figure: John the Baptist Conditional object: Word Period: 400 years Foundation of substance Central figure: John Baptist Indemnity condition: remove fallen nature Love, Respect, Submit and Multiply goodness
    30. 31. <ul><li>In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, “Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 3:1-2 </li></ul>The forerunner
    31. 32. <ul><li>As the people were in expectation, and all men questioned in their hearts concerning John, whether perhaps he were the Christ, John answered them all, “I baptise you with water; but he who is mightier than I is coming, the thong of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie; he will baptise you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.” </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 3:15-15 </li></ul>John was highly respected
    32. 33. <ul><li>And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who are you?” He confessed, he did not deny, but confessed, “I am not the Christ.” And they asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” </li></ul><ul><li>John 1:19-21 </li></ul>John denies being the Elijah
    33. 34. John testifies to Jesus <ul><li>“ Behold the lamb of God that takes away the sins of the world.” John 1: 29 </li></ul><ul><li>“ And I have seen and borne witness that this is the Son of God.” </li></ul><ul><li>John 1: 34 </li></ul>
    34. 35. What should have happened next? <ul><li>John should have become Jesus’ chief disciple </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish people and leaders would have accepted Jesus as the Messiah </li></ul><ul><li>The prophecies in Isaiah would have been realised </li></ul><ul><li>The kingdom of God would have been established </li></ul>
    35. 36. Jesus John the Baptist Religious leaders Jewish people Other Semitic People Roman Empire
    36. 37. What did happen? <ul><li>John did not follow Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>So Jesus took responsibility for John’s failure and restored his mission </li></ul>
    37. 38. Why didn’t John follow Jesus? <ul><li>Own concept of the messiah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ He who comes after me the thong of whose sandal I am not worthy to untie.” John 1:27 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Couldn’t recognise Jesus was the messiah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I myself did not know him.” John 1:33 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knew about Jesus’ family background </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t imagine sharing Jesus’ future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ He must increase but I must decrease.” John 3:30 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Didn’t act on the inspiration and it faded </li></ul>
    38. 39. Second foundation for messiah Jewish people Jesus God (Abel) (Cain) Foundation of faith Central figure: Jesus in place of John Baptist Conditional object: 3 temptations Period: 40 day fast Foundation of substance Central figure: Jesus Indemnity condition: remove fallen nature Love, Respect, Submit and Multiply goodness
    39. 40. Jesus is tempted by Satan <ul><li>First temptation </li></ul><ul><li>The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.” </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 4:3-4 </li></ul><ul><li>Restored First Blessing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mind - Body unity </li></ul></ul>
    40. 41. Jesus is tempted by Satan <ul><li>Second temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written:    ’He will command his angels concerning you,    and they will lift you up in their hands,    so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’” </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus answered him, “It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 4:5-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Restored Second Blessing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping the moral law </li></ul></ul>
    41. 42. Jesus is tempted by Satan <ul><li>Third Temptation </li></ul><ul><li>Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendour. “ All this I will give you,” he said, “if you will bow down and worship me.” </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 4:8-10 </li></ul><ul><li>Restored Third Blessing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wealth and ownership </li></ul></ul>
    42. 43. Jesus restores John’s mission <ul><li>Jesus found his own disciples </li></ul><ul><li>He preached the same message as John: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Repent for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Matthew 4:17 </li></ul>Jesus calling his disciples
    43. 44. Jesus baptises Jesus and his disciples went into the land of Judea; there he remained with them and baptised. John was also baptising at Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there; and people came and were baptised. John 3:22-23
    44. 45. Rivalry between Jesus and John <ul><li>Now when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptising more disciples than John . . . he left Judea and departed again to Galilee. </li></ul><ul><li> John 4:1-3 </li></ul>
    45. 46. What happened to John? <ul><li>Herod had seized John and bound him in prison, for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife; because John said to him, “It is not lawful for you to have her.” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 14:3-4 </li></ul>John in prison
    46. 47. Galilean Spring <ul><li>And he went about all Galilee teaching in their synagogues and preaching the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every infirmity among the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 4:23 </li></ul>
    47. 48. The people accept Jesus <ul><li>And great crowds followed him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan. </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 4: 25 </li></ul>
    48. 49. Wanted to make Jesus ‘king’ <ul><li>When the people saw the sign which he had done, they said, “This is indeed the prophet who is to come into the world.” Perceiving that they were about to came and take him by force to make him king, Jesus withdrew. </li></ul><ul><li>John 6:14-15 </li></ul>
    49. 50. Sermon on the Mount <ul><li>And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 7:28-29 </li></ul>
    50. 51. Jesus did miracles <ul><li>“ That you might know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins ” – he then said to the paralytic – “Rise, take up your bed and go home.” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 9:6 </li></ul>
    51. 52. Jesus wanted people to believe <ul><li>Then they said to him, “What must we do, to be doing the works of God?” Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him who he has sent .” </li></ul><ul><li>John 6:28-29 </li></ul>
    52. 53. Messianic secret <ul><li>Jesus asked his disciples, &quot;Who do you say I am?&quot; Peter answered, &quot;You are the Messiah.&quot; Jesus warned them not to tell anyone about him. </li></ul><ul><li>Mark 8:30 </li></ul>Why did Jesus say this to his disciples?
    53. 54. What was the messianic mission? <ul><li>God’s ‘annointed one’ </li></ul><ul><li>Called God’s son </li></ul><ul><li>Bring blessings from God </li></ul><ul><li>Establish God’s kingdom on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy Israel’s enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Rule the whole world </li></ul>The Romans executed many ‘messiahs’
    54. 55. John’s question to Jesus <ul><li>Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to him, “Are you he is to come, or shall we look for another?” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 11:2-3 </li></ul>
    55. 56. Jesus’ response <ul><li>“ Go and tell John what you hear and see; the blind receive their sight and the lame walk . . . and the poor have the good news preached to them. And blessed is he who takes no offence at me .” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 11:4-6 </li></ul>John receives Christ ’ s answer
    56. 57. Jesus’ judgement on John <ul><li>“ Truly I say to you, among those born of women there has risen no one greater than John the Baptist; yet he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he .” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 11:11 </li></ul>
    57. 58. Jesus blames John <ul><li>“ From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and men of violence take it by force.” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 11:12 </li></ul>
    58. 59. The death of John the Baptist <ul><li>Now when Jesus heard this [the death of John], he withdrew from there to a place apart. </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 14:13 </li></ul>
    59. 60. The Elijah problem <ul><li>And the disciples asked him, “Then why do the scribes say that first Elijah must come?” He replied, “ . . . Elijah has already come, and they did not know him, but did to him whatever they pleased.” . . . Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist. </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 17: 10-13 </li></ul>
    60. 61. Jesus declares John was Elijah <ul><li>“ For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John; and if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah who is to come.” </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 11:13-14 </li></ul>
    61. 62. The problem Jesus John the Baptist Jewish people ? Jesus: “ John is Elijah” John: “ I’m not Elijah”
    62. 63. Who to believe? <ul><li>Jesus of Nazareth </li></ul><ul><li>Questionable birth </li></ul><ul><li>Nazareth </li></ul><ul><li>Uneducated </li></ul><ul><li>Lowly disciples </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed with prostitutes </li></ul><ul><li>Shocking statements </li></ul><ul><li>John the Baptiser </li></ul><ul><li>Miraculous birth </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Educated </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplary lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Well respected </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional faith </li></ul>
    63. 64. The significance of John John as Elijah Supports Jesus Denies Jesus Jesus accepted Jesus in difficulty John’s ignorance of God’s providence, which led him to insist that he was not Elijah, became the principal reason why the Jewish people did not come to Jesus. EDP, 126
    64. 65. Jesus John the Baptist Religious leaders Jewish people
    65. 66. <ul><li>Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world; he who follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” The Pharisees then said to him, “You are bearing witness to yourself; your witness is not true.” </li></ul><ul><li>John 8: 12-13 </li></ul>
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