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13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers
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13 the taxonomy-of-internet-data-centers

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  • 1. The  founda+on  for  Internet  Exchange   Points  The Taxonomy ofInternet Data Centers ©2012  DrPeering  Interna+onal   Licensed  material  –  sales@DrPeering.net   hAp://DrPeering.net  
  • 2. This  framework  will  describe  any  IDC  •  CluAered  marketplace  for  Internet  Data   Centers  (IDC)  •  How  do  you  compare  colo  company  X  with   IDC  Y?  •  Model  for  categorizing  any  IDC  •  Very  helpful  abstrac+on   2  
  • 3. The  Model   3  
  • 4. Data  Center  Opera+ons  •  Start  with  the  basic  data   center   4  
  • 5. Real  Estate  •  Physical  space  and  fire   suppression  systems  •  Desirability  of  real  estate-­‐NJ?  •  Travel  incognito  story   –  Rights  of  way  -­‐  railroad  •  Cost  per  sq  meter  •  Ease  of  access  •  Price  of  power  in  area  •  Proximity  to  fiber  •  Floor  loading  •  Local  gov’t  support   ..hundreds  of  selec+on  criteria   5  • 
  • 6. Fiber  Entrance  •  Fiber  entrance  facili+es   vary  in  quality   6  
  • 7. Secured  Fiber  Entrance   •  Conduits   •  concrete  Concrete  or    conduit  encasement   Real   Estate   7   Man  holes  
  • 8. Real  Estate  and  Fiber  Entrance  •  Inter-­‐floor  ducts   8  
  • 9. Security   Mul+-­‐tenant  vs.  single  tenant  shown  in  ring   9  
  • 10. Security  •  Guard  gates  •  Mote  •  Man  Traps  •  Bullet  proof  glass  •  Authen+ca+on  system   –  Mul+-­‐tenant  challenges  •  Underground  bunker  •  Surveillance  cameras  •  Cage  access  logs   10  
  • 11. Power  systems  •  Condi+oned  Power   –  Reliable  Power   –  Brownouts,  cutovers  •  Generators  vs.  Flywheel  •  UPS  •  Power  Distribu+on  •  Tradeoffs  /  religion  here  •  Availability  and  price   are  key     11  
  • 12. HVAC  •  Hea+ng,  Ven+ng,  Air   Condi+oning  (HVAC)  •  Humidity  controlled  •  Ambient  Temperature  •  Stable  environment  for   equipment  (65˚-­‐85˚F)   45%  rela+ve  humidity   Source:  IBM  •  Economies  of  scale   12  
  • 13. We  expect  the  lights  will  stay  on  •  No+fica+on  •  Data  Center  Opera+ons  •  Processes  and  people  •  111  8th  street  story  illustrates  this   13  
  • 14. The  111  8th  street  story  •  New  York  City  •  Major  Carrier  Hotel  •  Power  outage  •  Genset  failures  •  What  happened?   14  
  • 15. The  111  8th  street  story  •  What  happened?  •  Automa+c  Transfer  Siwitch   Pressure   ncreasing   Fuel  tank  was  empty  –  fixed  polarity  and  upper  fuel  tanks  filled  up  •  New  F  uel  Pump  irnstalled   Up  on  roof  – generators  not   unning  –  why?  •  Fuel  pump  burned  out.     Starter  motors   tested:   – Went  across  town  tto  supply  store.  Replaced  starter  motors.   It  seemed  to   urn  on   – Up  omroof  –noise   not  star+ng  –  why?     It   n   ade    generators  •  Polarity  wfilters  uel  filters  rom  sludge  at  boAom  of  tank   Fuel   clogged  f as  reversed  enerators  up.   Replaced  f –  g•  Cascading  failure  ours  +  without  no+fica+ons   24  h 15  
  • 16. What  we  should  learn  from  this  outage  #1  Things  break  #2  Everyone  recognizes  #1  #3  How  the  IDC  keeps  par+cipants  informed  is  more  important  than  the  outage   16  
  • 17. Data  Center  +  Carrier  -­‐>  Not  an  Island  Data  Center  Island  •  Add  carrier(s)   –  “Lit  building”  •  Carrier-­‐owned   –  1  carrier:  Carrier  POP   –  1  carrier  +  hos+ng:   Carrier  Hos+ng  Facility  •  Carrier-­‐Neutral   –  Which  carriers  are  there   –  Key  Selec+on  criteria   –  Mul+ple  carriers:  carrier   Value  increases   neutral  coloca+on   17  
  • 18. The  Value  of  an  Internet  Exchange  •  Network   Externality  •  Economists  term  •  Value  or  a  good  or   service   propor+onate  to   who  else  uses  the   good  or  service   18  
  • 19. Neutrality  •  Qwest  won’t  POP  Level  3  Gateways  •  Level  3  won’t  be  allowed  into  Qwest  Cyber   Centers  •  Some  customers  won’t  POP  a  building  without   mul+ple  carriers  •  Some  customers  won’t  POP  a  building  without   a  specific  carrier  being  present  •  Terremark  acquired  by  Carrier  –  is  it  s+ll   carrier  neutral?   19  
  • 20. Connected  DC  +  ISP  =  Internet  Data  Center  •  ISP-­‐owned  Data  Center   –  ISP  POP  if  for  self   –  ISP  Hos+ng  Facility  if  it   hosts  others  •  Carrier  and  ISP-­‐Neutral   Data  Center   –  Neutral  Coloca+on  Center   –  “carrier-­‐neutral”  •  Why  is  neutrality   important?     Wholesale  data  center  space  –  sell  for  resale   “Telco  Hotel”   –  Turkey  story.   20  
  • 21. Internet  Exchange  Points  •  2  Models   –  European  Model   –  US  Model  •  Challenge:   –  Axer  I  explain  the   difference,  tell  me  the   benefits  and  drawbacks   of  each   21  
  • 22. European  IXP  Model   22  
  • 23. U.S.  Model  Internet  Exchange  Point   23  
  • 24. Challenge  •  What  are  some  of  the  pro’s  and  con’s  of  the   U.S.  and  European  Internet  Exchange  Point   models?    •  Why  are  these  differences  important?   24  
  • 25. Challenges  •  Zaid  Telekom,  a  large   •  This  data  center  is  best   telco,  opens  a  data   described  as  a   center  for  its   •  A)  carrier-­‐neutral  IXP?   customers.  They  claim   •  B)  U.S.-­‐model  IXP?   they  will  sell  to  anyone.   •  C)  telco  hotel?   The  encourage  their     compe+tors  to  come   •  D)  carrier  hos+ng   and  be  customers   facility   there.   25  
  • 26. Challenges  •  Zig  Real  Estate  Holdings   •  This  data  center  is  best   converts  a  very  large   described  as  a   building  into  a  mul+-­‐ •  A)  U.S.-­‐model  IXP   floor  data  center.  They   •  B)  ISP  POP   do  not  operate  a   •  C)  telco  hotel   network  of  any  kind.   They  sell  only  floors  and   •  D)  European-­‐model  IXP   suites.   26  
  • 27. Challenges  •  IXion  builds  data   •  This  data  center  is  best   centers  across  Africa   described  as  a   and  does  not  own  a   •  A)  European-­‐model  IXP?   carrier  or  ISP  network.   •  B)  carrier-­‐neutral   They  encourage  carriers   coloca+on  center?   and  ISPs  to  build  in,  but   IXion  does  not  buy  any   •  C)  U.S.-­‐model  IXP?   services  from  them.   •  D)  ISP  data  center   27  
  • 28. Challenges  •  Central  Internet   •  This  data  center  is  best   Facili+es  builds  data   described  as  a   centers  around  the   •  A)  hos+ng  company?   world  and  purchases   •  B)  carrier-­‐neutral   bulk  Internet  Transit  for   coloca+on  center?   resale  inside  its  data   center  to  its  tenants.   •  C)  U.S.-­‐model  IXP?   •  D)  carrier  POP   28  
  • 29. Challenges  •  NIX  Centre  builds  a   •  This  data  center  is  best   coloca+on  data  center   described  as  a   complete  with  a  peering   •  A)  European  model  IXP?   fabric  in  Nigeria.  It  sells   •  B)  carrier-­‐neutral   rack  space  to  anyone   coloca+on  center?   but  markets  itself  to  the   ISP  community  as  a   •  C)  U.S.-­‐model  IXP?   peering  point.  It  does   •  D)  carrier  POP   not  operate  a  network   and  does  not  buy  or   resell  any  network.   29  
  • 30. Challenges  •  Ninter  operates  a   •  This  data  center  is  best   shared  peering  fabric   described  as  a   across  mul+ple   •  A)  European-­‐model  IXP?   coloca+on  buildings.   •  B)  carrier-­‐neutral   Other  than  this  LAN,  it   coloca+on  center?   does  not  operate  a   network.   •  C)  U.S.-­‐model  IXP?   •  D)  ISP  data  center   30  

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