3. Tercer condicional / Third Conditional Indica una condición en el pasado, que ya no se puede cumplir. IF + past perfect ... + conditional perfect (would have). If I had learnt, I would have passed the exam. If he had worked hard in all his subjects, he would not have failed this semester. (Si él hubiera trabajado en todas sus asignaturas, él no hubiera suspendido este semestre) If we had been more careful, we wouldnt have had the accident. (Si hubiésemos sido más cuidadosos, no habríamos tenido el accidente.) Otros casos Existen otras formas de construir frases condicionales: IF + simple present, ... present simple If you ring this number, nobody answers. IF + simple present, ... imperativo. If you drink, dont drive.Third ConditionalWe use the third conditional (also known as the "past unreal conditional") to talk aboutsituations in the past that didn’t happen and their hypothetical consequences.The third conditional consists of two clauses.One is formed with If + subject + past perfect verb ("If I had studied"). The second isformed with subject + would have + past participle ("I would have passed the test").So all together, the sentence looks like this: "If I had studied, I would have passed thetest."In the past, I didnt study. But by using this type of conditional, I can speculate abouthow things would have been different, if I had been a better student. Third conditionalWe can use the Third Conditional to talk about impossible conditions, impossible becausethey are in the past and we cannot change what has happened. • If I had worked harder at school, I would have got better grades. • If I had had time, I would have gone to see him. But I didnt have time.
• If we had bought that house, we would have had to rebuild the kitchen. • If we had caught the earlier train, we would have got there on time but we were late.Notice that the main clause can contain would, could or might. • If I had seen him at the meeting, I would have asked him. (But he wasnt there so I didnt.) • If I had seen him at the meeting, I could have asked him. ( But he wasnt there so it wasnt possible.) • If I had seen him at the meeting, I might have asked him. (But Im not sure. Perhaps if the opportunity had arisen.) • If I had paid more attention in class, I would have understood the lesson.Also notice that sometimes the if clause is implied rather than spoken. • Id have done it. ("if you had asked me but you didnt.") • I wouldnt have said that. ("if Id been there.") • He wouldnt have let him get away with that. ("if he had tried that with me.")Te invitamos a que entres a esta página y desarrolles los siguiente ejercicioshttp://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/thirdconditional/exercise1.swfDesarolla el siguiente ejercicio The Third Conditional1. He crashed his car, because he fell asleep while driving.If he asleep while driving, he his car.2. We couldnt go to the concert, because we didnt have enough money.If we enough money, we to the concert.3. I lost my job because I was late for work.I my job if I late for work.4. The wind was so strong that the bridge collapsed.If the wind so strong, the bridge .5. I couldnt call Sally because I had lost her number.I Sally if I her number.
Third Conditional IntroductionThe third conditional (also called conditional type 3) is a structure used for talkingabout unreal situations in the past. This page will explain how the third conditional isformed, and when to use it.The structure of a third conditional sentenceLike the other conditionals, a third conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an"if" clause and a main clause: if clause main clause explanation If I had I would have I failed the exam, because I studied passed the didnt study hard enough. harder, exam.If the "if" clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the "if" clause comessecond, there is no need for a comma: main clause if clause I probably would have passed the exam if I had studied harder.We use different verb forms in each part of a third conditional: if clause if + subject + past perfect verb*
main subject + would (OR could, OR might) have + clause past participle*The past perfect is formed with the auxiliary verb "had", and the pastparticiple (or third form) of the verb.Note also that third conditional forms can be contracted: If I had studied harder, I probably would Full form have passed the exam. Contracted If Id studied harder, I probably wouldve form passed the exam.Using the third conditionalThe third conditional is used to talk about things which DID NOT HAPPEN in the past.If your native language does not have a similar construction, you may find this a littlestrange, but it can be very useful. It is often used to express criticism or regret: Example Explanation If you had driven more Criticism: You had an accident carefully, you would not because you didnt drive have had an accident. carefully enough. If we had played a little Regret: We didnt play well, so better, we could have won we lost the game.
the game. If you had saved your Criticism: You didnt save your money, you could have money, so now you cant afford bought a computer. a computer.If it had snowed, we could Regret: It didnt snow, so we have gone skiing. couldnt go skiing.