The New Monarchs

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  • 1. The New Monarchies in the Early Modern Period
  • 2. Niccolò Machiavelli
  • 3. Characteristics of the New Monarchies1. They offered the institution of monarchy as a guarantee of law and order. 2. They proclaimed that hereditary monarchy was the legitimate form of public power , and that all should accept this without resistance. 3. They enlisted the support of the middle class in the towns, who had tired of the local power of feudal nobles. 4. Their monarchies would require a new level of organization and would require additional revenue. Taxation was instituted to provide consistent funds.
  • 4. Characteristics of the New Monarchies 5. Their goal was to break down the mass of feudal, inherited, customary, or common law in which the rights of the feudal classes were entrenched. Royal courts would apply the law in more uniform ways. 6. The kings would MAKE law, enact it by his own authority, regardless of previous custom or historic liberties.
  • 5. Characteristics of the New Monarchies 5. Early states lacked the power to enforce their will. To remedy this, monarchs began to employ bureaucracy--agencies, committees, representative bodies, and councils to assist in implementing royal authority. 6. Medieval wars were private affairs, and thus were destructive and difficult to control. The New Monarchs worked to make war the sole preserve of the state—employing a standing army. 7. What pleases the prince has the force of law.
  • 6. England  stability under the Tudors France  consolidation of power. Spain  unification by marriage. The Empire  decentralization and decline.
  • 7. The Tudors of England
  • 8. Henry VII Tudor
  • 9. Tudor Englan d 1485
  • 10. The Valois Dynasty in France
  • 11. France in the 15th – 16th Centuries
  • 12. Charles VII Valois
  • 13. Louis XI Valois The Spider
  • 14. Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain The Madonna of the Monarchs
  • 15. Kingdoms of Spain: 1492
  • 16. Kingdoms of Spain: 1492 Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile
  • 17. The Habsburg Dynasty
  • 18. The Golden Bull of 1356 The Imperial Electors Duke of Saxony Margrave of Brandenburg King of Bavaria Count Palatine of the Rhine Archbishop of Mainz, Archbishop of Trier Archbishop of Cologne.
  • 19. The Golden Bull of 1356
  • 20. Emperor Maximilian I Habsburg
  • 21. Empire of Charles V Hapsburg