1. WILL EVANS
NYU Stern School of Management
2. LEARNING ORGANIZATIONS
3. Learning organizations [are] organizations
where people continually expand their capacity
to create the results they truly desire, where new
and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured,
where collective aspiration is set free, and where
people are continually learning to see the whole
4. CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENTS
•  To become a true learning organization you
need to continuously improve.
•  No Problem is a Problem
•  Kaizen (continuous improvement) is hard
•  A3 & PDSA
•  Sometimes A3 to too heavy
5. OBSTRACLES TO LEARNING ORGANIZATION
•  Silo thinking (and silos in general)
•  No time for reflection (the S in PDSA)
•  Problem denial (Mystery and Mastery)
•  Leadership doesn’t value learning
•  No systematic framework for learning
•  No ability to frame problems well
6. A problem well stated is mostly
The problem is stating a problem well is
7. PROBLEM FRAMING
8. 4 W Problem Canvas
9. §  Who
•  Who has this problem?
•  Is it your customer*?
•  Have you validated that the problem
•  Can you prove it?
* Customer is only & always defined as the people that
give you money for your product services.
•  What is the nature of the problem?
•  Can you explain it simply?
•  How do you know it’s a problem?
•  What is the evidence to support the
12. •  Where does this problem arise?
•  In which context does the customer
experience the problem?
•  Have you observed the problem in
•  Can you describe that context?
13. •  Why do you believe it is a problem
•  Is it an acute problem for the
•  How acute?
14. WHICH IS TIMEBOXED
15. By yourself - write out on post-its at least
2;Try to keep it to under 8 words; don’t
discuss with anyone.
* This exercise assumes at least 3 teams of 3 people.
4W Exploration* – 10 min
16. As a team, present all post-its onto a blank
sheet of large paper divided into 4
quadrants. Discuss all 4 Ws people
presented; take note of duplicates.
•  Which 2 are most revealing
•  Which 2 are most relevant to your
customer on your empathy map?
Synthesis– 20 minutes
17. Now, after reviewing the 4W Canvas with
your team, please write a one paragraph
problem statement by yourself. Make sure to
be explicit about the Who, What, Why,
Again, don’t talk with your team; write in
your own voice.
Problem Statement Writing – 10 minutes
18. Each team member present their
problem statement. Dot vote on the 1
strongest problem statement (or combine
them, but don’t exceed 1 paragraph).
Team must present a single problem
statement to the entire group.
Synthesis – 10 minutes
19. Every team select one person.
Stand Up and read problem statement.
Place on flip chart at front of the room.
20. In your head, but not out loud,
Is the solution to this problem clear to
you?* (Don’t share your solution idea
*If not, then return to the problem and refine
until the solution emerges in the negative
space. – Jabe Bloom
21. THE LEANUX KATA
•  Who is the customer?
•  What is their problem?
•  What do you know and how do you know it?
•  What are your assumptions? How will you test them?
•  What have you learned and what should you learn next?
•  What is your very next experiment?
•  How will you measure it?
22. WILL EVANS
NYU Stern School of Management