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Katrina  Presentation12 8
 

Katrina Presentation12 8

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    Katrina  Presentation12 8 Katrina Presentation12 8 Presentation Transcript

    • Hurricane Katrina
      Will Drake
      Young Kim
      Jessica Petrovich
    • Katrina Overview
      First Landfall- Hallendale Beach, Florida. Aug 25
      Peak intensity, Aug 28
      Category V, sustained winds 175 mph
      Central pressure 902 mbar (4th most intense, at time)
      Second Landfall- Buras-Triumph, Louisiana. Aug 29, 2005. 6:10 am.
      Category III, sustained winds 125 mph
    • Katrina Overview
      After third landfall, storm retained hurricane status for 150 miles north
      Storm impacted Cuba, southern Florida, Gulf Coast, south east, and Ohio valley.
      Federal Disaster Declarations made for 90,000 square miles
      Costliest Natural Disaster in U.S. history
    • Physical Impacts
      Estimates of property damage range from about $80B to over $125B (this does not include economic damage)
      Housing makes up over half of that number
      About 300,000 homes destroyed
      90,000 square miles of land affected
      53 levee breaches
      80% of New Orleans was flooded
    • Social Impacts
      Over 750,000 people displaced as a result of the hurricane
      1833 people dead
      80% were New Orleans residents
      Most were elderly and did not have the ability to evacuate
      As of January 2006, 85 % of New Orleans schools remained closed and 50% of the hospitals remained closed
    • Social Impacts
      Separation between families and friends
      Many pets and animals left abandoned without homes
      Violence increased during and after the storm
      Excessive looting and other violent crimes
      Growth of Community Organizations after the storm
    • Economic Impacts
      Gulf Coast Oil production was reduced by 1/3 because of evacuation and destruction of oil rigs
      Energy Prices in the US skyrocketed overnight
      Job loss left residents no choice but to relocate in some cases
      Government revenues in the area sharply decreased because of damage
      Gulf Coast casinos are a major contributor to government revenues that were lost because of storm damage
    • Economic Impacts
      1.3 M acres of forest damage that is estimated at $1.3B worth of damage
      Lumber and building prices rose as a result
      Economic losses for industry affected the entire market as a result of Hurricane Katrina
    • Environmental Impacts
      Destruction of habitats
      Beach Erosion
      Some areas became over-run with water and it never receded
    • Political Impacts
      Blame for a slower than preferred response was placed on various levels of government and government agencies
      Many sought to blame President George W. Bush and some even blamed Mayor Ray Nagin of New Orleans
      FEMA and the Army Corps of Engineers also blamed
    • Local/State Response
      Local
      Mayor Nagindeclares mandatory evacuation
      Superdome provided as refuge of last resort
      State
      Contra-flow lane reversals for highway Evacuation.
      80% of population evacuated
    • Federal Response
      Coast Guard rescued 24,000 of the 60,000 stranded in New Orleans
      58,000 National Guard troops
      ACOE pumped 250 billion gallons
      FEMA obtained $1 Billion for immediate relief efforts
      Bush approves $10 Billion relief package 4 days after storm
      FEMA moved a record 273,000 into transitional homes
    • International Response
      $854 Million pledged (including $400 million in oil)
      As of April 2007, only $126 Million collected and only 1/3 had been spent.
      State Department and Dept. Homeland Security botched the job.
    • NGO Response
      Red Cross received $1.8 MM of the $2.6 MM donated by private citizens.
      87% of the money was spent within 6 months.
      International Energy Agency- released extra 2 Million barrels oil/day.
      International Medical Corps-Deployed to U.S. for the first time.
      New Orleans Area Habitat for Humanity-plans to build 400+ homes.
    • Response - What Went Wrong?
      Mandatory evacuation ordered 19 hours before landfall.
      Governor Blanco did not initially provide FEMA with specific requests for aid.
      Blanco waited 2 days after storm to request additional national guard troops.
      Homeland Security director delayed 36 hours in designating Katrina an Incident of National Significance.
    • Recovery
      Recovery efforts have been ongoing efforts by residents, volunteers, NGOs, and various levels of government and government agencies to rebuild what was lost
      Temporary housing was provided by FEMA
      Monetary assistance for mortgages and rebuilding has been provided through various sources (private and public) to aid residents
    • Recovery
      Road Home
      Grant program to help New Orleans residents move back to their homes
      Can receive up to $150,000
      FHA and HUD assistance to help with financial aspects of rebuilding
      Various other organizations have also provided monetary assistance for the recovery efforts
    • Recovery: MAKE IT RIGHT
      MAKE IT RIGHT was established by Brad Pitt, with the help of Former President Bill Clinton to help rebuild the Lower Ninth Ward in New Orleans
      Builds “green” homes that are affordable
      Road Home Grants can be applied to these homes
      Financing assistance available to those who need it
      150 homes to be completed and be LEED Certified
    • Recovery
      The Army Corps of Engineers worked to improve and rebuild the levee systems in the area
      They are also working to repair the environmental damage done by the storm with the assistance of the EPA
    • V. Post-disaster Planning
      Long-Term Community Recovery Emergency Support Function (ESF-14) of the National Response Plan. – in October 2005 by FEMA
      - This process was less helpful in New Orleans due to:
      1. the scale of damage
      2. the lack of municipal employees
      3. the absence of an agreed-upon planning process
    • The same purpose, but different thoughts
      Lack of communication between local government and state, federal government
      - After one month Katrina, Bring New Orleans Back Commission (BNOBC) was established by Mayor.
      - With the wrong impression of FEMA, BNOBC began to work its effort. But, FEMA did not allow money
       Critical damage to public trust
    • Lack of citizen participation
      Due to the lack of local leadership, there was poor public involvement right after Katrina
      - Promoting the planning effort
      - Supporting community involvement
      - Making city hall a central information and communication node
    • Preparing for the future disaster
      Information
      Training
      Written agreements and plans
      Strong organizational structure
      Improving coordination among non-profits and governments
      A collaborative network of partners
    • Questions?