Wilfred lunga North West University African Centre for Disaster Studies (South Africa)2012 -MSc in Development Studies National University ofScience & Technology (NUST) Zimbabwe2006 - MSc.Ed, Science and Mathematics Education(Geography) University of Zimbabwe (UZ) Zimbabwe2006 -Master of Business Administration (MBA) NationalUniversity of Science & Technology (NUST) Zimbabwe2004 -Diploma in Development and Disaster Management(DDMP) National University of Science & Technology(NUST) Zimbabwe1992 - Licentiate Degree in Geography Enrique Jose Varona(Cuba)
THESIS TITLE THE INCLUSION OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS INTO DISASTER RISK REDUCTION POLICY: THE CASE OF ZIMBABWE.
BACKGROUND• The research focus is largely informed by a globalisation process that is characterised by freedom of international trade but increasingly, regional economic and political integration initiatives that facilitate increased knowledge sharing by different cultural and lingual groups.• Indigenous knowledge has been an essential survival tool for humans since time immemorial.• In our current period of lightning fast technological and social development much traditional wisdom have been replaced with modernist global values and have almost been forgotten.
This renewed respect for ancient socialsurvival skills is partially sprung from theemergence of post-modernism, whichrecognises diversity as strength, and partiallyfrom the current global paradigm ofpromoting democracy, which values self-determination for communities.
• Generation and dissemination of disaster information and knowledge has adopted a top-down centralized process.• In that regard, decision- making has traditionally been the forte of the intellectual community and disaster management planners.• The shortcomings of this approach in terms of its ability to maximize participation of and partnership with communities has spawned the emergent paradigm of community-based disaster management planning as the more efficient strategy for disaster loss reduction.
PROBLEM STATEMENT• Indigenous knowledge is often so specific to a locality that it is not always universally applicable and a challenge to integrate indigenous knowledge into mainstream disaster risk reduction (DRR) policy and practice.• Legislation, Policy on DRR is silent on issues that are related to indigenous knowledge which most people use when disasters strike in their communities.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS• The following broad questions are considered pertinent to the research:• What are indigenous knowledge systems (IKS)?• What are the main theories, models and practices explaining IKS?• How can, and has, IKS impacted on disaster risk reduction policy formulation in Africa and other parts of the globe?• What does IKS in Zimbabwe entail?• Which specific categories of indigenous knowledge can be identified as valuable to DRR and applied to a community, regardless of its unique characteristics?
• How does IKS currently feature in various policies in Zimbabwe?• What informs and guides the current draft disaster policies /policy statements, lessons and recommendations for future inclusion of indigenous knowledge into disaster risk reduction and policy in Zimbabwe?• How sustainable are indigenous knowledge systems in relation to policy formulation in the disaster risk reduction field in Zimbabwe?• What could be the most effective means of inclusion of indigenous knowledge into disaster risk reduction policies in Zimbabwe society?
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES• The attainment of the research aim is facilitated by the following objectives:• Investigate and explain IKS.• Assess, and analyse the main theories, models and practices explaining IKS.• Determine the extent and depth of how IKS has impacted on disaster risk reduction policy formulation in Africa and other parts of the globe.• Investigate and determine what IKS entails within the Zimbabwe context.• Examine specific categories of indigenous knowledge identified as valuable to disaster risk reduction and applied to a community, regardless of its unique characteristics.
• Investigate and assess the extent to which IKS currently feature in various policies in Zimbabwe.• Analyse current disaster risk reduction and related policies in Zimbabwe and determine the extent of the inclusion of IKS.• Explore issues informing and guiding the current draft disaster risk reduction policies /policy statements in Zimbabwe.• Examine sustainability of indigenous knowledge in relation to policy and related practices that have been used in policy building to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience in Zimbabwe.
CENTRAL THEORETICAL STATEMENT• The inability to effectively come up with disaster risk reduction policy is a result of lack of strategy linked to local knowledge that helps in scenario analysis, data collection, and management planning, designing of the adaptive strategies to learn and get feedback, and institutional support to put policies into pra
• Blending of knowledge between local and formal sciences results in empowerment, security and opportunity for local people, thus reducing the social barriers to participation and enhances the capacity of the local people to make choices to solve their problem.
METHOD OF INVESTIGATION• This study intends to identify processes, enablers and challenges regarding inclusion of indigenous knowledge into disaster risk reduction and climate change policies.• A blended design of both qualitative and quantitative approaches will be used. Data sources will be from both secondary and primary sources. The bias of the research will be qualitative hence more qualitative techniques, such as document analysis, comparative analysis, focus group discussions, applied research and grounded theory will be used (Brynard & Hanekon, 1997:28-42)