Orchids of the Eastern Mediterranean

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Orchids of the Eastern Mediterranean

  1. 1. ORCHIDS of the EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN
  2. 2. For this Slideshow the Eastern Mediterranean extends from the Gargano Promontory to Cyprus O O The majority of orchids illustrated have their western limits in this area; the range of some extend further east into Iran etc.
  3. 3. Gargano has a wonderful orchid flora, this is the habitat of Ophrys sphegodes subsp. sipontensis
  4. 4. Ophrys sphegodes subsp. sipontensis
  5. 5. Ophrys sphegodes subsp . sipontensis
  6. 6. Ophrys sphegodes subsp . sipontensis
  7. 7. Habitat of Ophrys sphegodes subsp passionis
  8. 8. Ophrys sphegodes subsp . passionis
  9. 9. O. s. s. sipontensis O. s. s. passionis Hybrid?
  10. 10. Habitat of Ophrys argolica subsp. biscutella
  11. 11. Ophrys argolica subsp. biscutella
  12. 12. Ophrys argolica subsp. biscutella
  13. 13. Ophrys argolica subsp. biscutella
  14. 14. Anacamptis papilionacea
  15. 15. Anacamptis papilionacea
  16. 16. Anacamptis papilionacea
  17. 17. The habitat of the hybrids illustrated in the next seven slides
  18. 18. Ophrys x flavicans - Hybrid formula – O. bertolonii x O. sphegodes (neither found on site)
  19. 19. Ophrys x flavicans
  20. 20. O. x flavicans (O. promontorii) Ophrys x flavicans
  21. 21. Ophrys tenthredinifera O. x campolati
  22. 22. O. tenthredinifera O. x flavicans O. x campolati The two parents on the left, the resulting hybrid on the right.
  23. 23. O. tenthredinifera O. x flavicans O. x campolati Another hybrid
  24. 24. O. tenthredinifera O. bombyliflora O. x sommieri Photographed on the same site – the parents on the left, the hybrid on the right
  25. 25. The habitat of Ophrys fuciflora subsp. apulica
  26. 26. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . apulica
  27. 27. Growing on the very edge of this road surface was
  28. 28. Growing on the very edge of the road surface was Ophrys fuciflora subsp . lacaitae
  29. 29. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . lacaitae And in an adjoining pasture
  30. 30. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . lacaitae A native of Gargano, these were photographed on Sicily.
  31. 31. To Crete, an island once well forested, now reduced to expanses of this degraded vegetation, often called phrygana, but the habitat of Ophrys fusca subsp. iricolor.
  32. 32. Ophrys fusca subsp. iricolor
  33. 33. Ophrys fusca subsp . iricolor
  34. 34. Ophrys fusca subsp . iricolor
  35. 35. Another subspecies found on Crete is Ophrys fusca subsp. cinereophila.
  36. 36. Many flowers of Orchid italica, but hidden amongst the thorny burnet, the rather rare Anacamptis boryi.
  37. 37. Anacamptis boryi
  38. 38. Also on the same site were orchids we have named Ophrys kotschyi subsp . ariadnae,
  39. 39. which are similar in many respects to another Cretan speciality, Ophrys kotschyi subsp . c retica.
  40. 40. Another orchid favouring a similar habitat on Crete is Ophrys omegaifera subsp . fleischmannii.
  41. 41. The rocky habitat of Orchis pauciflora
  42. 42. Orchis pauciflora
  43. 43. A brief diversion for three tulips - firstly the habitat of Tulipa orphanidea subsp. doerfleri.
  44. 44. Tulipa orphanidea subsp. doerfleri
  45. 45. Tulipa orphanidea subsp. doerfleri
  46. 46. Tulipa saxatilis subsp. saxatilis
  47. 47. Tulipa saxatilis subsp . saxatilis
  48. 48. The margins of this field have become the habitat of Tulipa saxatilis subsp. bakeri
  49. 49. Tulipa saxatilis subsp. bakeri
  50. 50. The habitat of Ophrys fuciflora subsp . candica
  51. 51. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . candica
  52. 52. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . candica
  53. 53. Fire often destroys rank vegetation allowing smaller plants such as our next orchid to flower again.
  54. 54. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . fuciflora ( maxima )
  55. 55. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . fuciflora ( maxima )
  56. 56. Serapias orientalis
  57. 57. Another brief diversion to illustrate a Cretan endemic crocus.
  58. 58. Crocus sieberi
  59. 59. Crocus sieberi will lead us into southern Greece ……..
  60. 60. …… onto the slopes of Mount Parnassos where, amongst this mass of crocus we find……
  61. 61. Crocus sublimis
  62. 62. Not so very far away, below Delphi, we find this degraded vegetation again, happily supporting more orchids including…..
  63. 63. Ophrys ferrum-equinum subsp . ferrum-equinum
  64. 64. Ophrys ferrum-equinum subsp . ferrum-equinum
  65. 65. Also amongst these spiny shrubs was another orchid, similar in appearance, to O. ferrum-equinum, with which it intergrades when the ranges overlap. It is…..
  66. 66. Ophrys sphegodes subsp spruneri
  67. 67. Ophrys ferrum-equinum Ophrys sphegodes subsp . spruneri
  68. 68. Can you see the rather dull labellum of Ophrys sphegodes subsp helenae ?
  69. 69. Ophrys sphegodes subsp . helenae
  70. 70. Ophrys scolopax subsp . cornuta
  71. 71. Ophrys scolopax subsp . cornuta
  72. 72. subsp . cornuta subsp . heldreichii It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between these two where their ranges overlap.
  73. 73. Orchis simia is a widespread European orchid, but these fine specimens dominated a wonderful orchid site in the Peloponnese that supported the Ophrys gems that appear shortly.
  74. 74. Orchis simia
  75. 75. Ophrys reinholdii subsp . reinholdii
  76. 76. Ophrys argolica subsp . argolica
  77. 77. Ophrys x delphinensis
  78. 78. O. scolopax subsp . cornuta O. argolica O. x delphinensis The parents on the left, the hybrid on the right.
  79. 79. O. scolopax s . heldreichii O. argolica O. x delphinensis Also a possibility.
  80. 80. Ophrys sphegodes subsp . aesculapii
  81. 81. Typical roadside habitat with Orchid quadripunctata.
  82. 82. Orchis quadripunctata
  83. 83. Cyprus is another orchid paradise – this site supported over 500 flowering plants of Orchis punctulata
  84. 84. A bush fire in the summer should help these orchids to survive.
  85. 85. Orchis punctulata
  86. 86. Orchis punctulata
  87. 87. More Orchis punctulata , but Ophrys fuciflora subsp. bournmuelleri, slightly to the left , is our next orchid.
  88. 88. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . bornmuelleri
  89. 89. Ophrys fuciflora subsp . bornmuelleri
  90. 90. Another typical Eastern Mediterranean orchid habitat.
  91. 91. Ophrys sphegodes subsp . mammosa
  92. 92. Ophrys alasiatica
  93. 93. Ophrys alasiatica forma planimaculata
  94. 94. A plantation of blocks of pines and eucalyptus, west of Larnaca, supported a variety of orchids.
  95. 95. Ophrys omegaifera subsp . israelitica
  96. 96. Ophrys umbilicata subsp . umbilicata
  97. 97. Ophrys umbilicata subsp . umbilicata
  98. 98. O. scolopax O. umbilicata Illustrating the similarity of the two orchids.
  99. 99. The limestone hills inland from Larnaca Bay supported many plants of…..
  100. 100. Ophrys kotschyi subsp. kotschyi
  101. 101. Ophrys kotschyi subsp . kotschyi
  102. 102. Hardly visible in this rough area are a number of plants of…..
  103. 103. Anacamptis morio subsp . syriaca
  104. 104. Comparing Anacamptis morio subsp syriaca with the more robust and widespread subsp. morio
  105. 105. The foothills of the Troodos Mountains and the endemic Orchis troodi.
  106. 106. Orchis troodi
  107. 107. Orchis troodi
  108. 108. Our final species, Cephalanthera kurdica, was photographed in southern Turkey where it is at the western edge of its range
  109. 109. Cephalanthera kurdica
  110. 110. Cephalanthera kurdica
  111. 111. Southern Turkey The end

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