AGU 2008

      data sharing and science:
  legal, normative, and social issues

            john wilbanks
creative common...
Copyright
All Rights
Reserved



                         No Rights
                         Reserved
Copyright
All Rights
Reserved



                         No Rights
                         Reserved
licensing
step 1: choose conditions


  Attribution               Share Alike



  Non-Commercial            No Derivative...
licensing
step 2: receive a license
Ported to 50
Jurisdictions
160M
160M
1. bait and switch: data
       integration.
databases as unique entities,
instead of nodes in a network
“packages”
scalable aggregation
not-software
  scalable
  modular
lots of people
  open licenses
community norms
science is not unlike wikipedia...
science is not unlike wikipedia...




...except authenticated, and expensive.
2. analog laws and
norms, digital world.
internet     network of computers


    web        network of documents

research web   network of knowledge
internet          tcp/ip


    web        http, html, URL

research web   RDF, OWL, URI
internet          tcp/ip


    web        http, html, URL

research web   RDF, OWL, URI
©
creative expression
the container, not the facts.
the container, not the facts.

but   © locks the container.
IGFBP-5 plays a role in the
regulation of cellular senescence
via a p53-dependent pathway
and in aging-associated
vascular...
IGFBP-5 plays a role in the
regulation of cellular senescence
via a p53-dependent pathway
and in aging-associated
vascular...
indexing: disallowed.




 http://orpheus-1.ucsd.edu/acq/license/cdlelsevier2004.pdf
creative
 work?
legal integration: impossible.




      http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/gkm1037/DC1/1
and what about ontologies?
copyrightable?
copyrightable?

“it’s complicated.”
•and junk) (quality control: spam
 extension


•integrity and attribution) loss of
 remix (brand confusion,


•common(fail...
incremental innovation in the law:

more accretion than innovation.
3. basic requirements for
  modular, package-based
approaches to “knowledge”
e pluribus unum.
a repository of ontologies,
namespaces, and integrated
         databases.


   http://neurocommons.org
it starts with the public
         domain.
“requests but does not require”
identical to genome licensing




 the freedom to integrate
requires a modular,
  standards-based
approach to licensing.
license propagation: whatsoever you do to the
least of the databases, you do to the integrated
                     system
license propagation: whatsoever you do to the
least of the databases, you do to the integrated
                     system...
a protocol, not a license
3.1 The protocol must promote legal predictability
  and certainty.

3.2 The protocol must be easy to use and
understand.
...
converge on the public domain:
      “norms, not laws”
conclusion?
1. start with the public
          domain.

2. design data for use, not
          control.

   3. hack and release!
“a running Neurocommons mirror consumes
     a fair amount of system resources”
http://kingsley.idehen.name:8890

http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/dataspace/dav/wiki/Main/VirtEC2AMINeuroCommonsInstall
thank you

wilbanks@creativecommons.org

  http://sciencecommons.org
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
Agu Data Sharing
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Agu Data Sharing

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Transcript of "Agu Data Sharing"

  1. 1. AGU 2008 data sharing and science: legal, normative, and social issues john wilbanks creative commons / science commons
  2. 2. Copyright All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved
  3. 3. Copyright All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved
  4. 4. licensing step 1: choose conditions Attribution Share Alike Non-Commercial No Derivative Works
  5. 5. licensing step 2: receive a license
  6. 6. Ported to 50 Jurisdictions
  7. 7. 160M
  8. 8. 160M
  9. 9. 1. bait and switch: data integration.
  10. 10. databases as unique entities, instead of nodes in a network
  11. 11. “packages”
  12. 12. scalable aggregation
  13. 13. not-software scalable modular
  14. 14. lots of people open licenses community norms
  15. 15. science is not unlike wikipedia...
  16. 16. science is not unlike wikipedia... ...except authenticated, and expensive.
  17. 17. 2. analog laws and norms, digital world.
  18. 18. internet network of computers web network of documents research web network of knowledge
  19. 19. internet tcp/ip web http, html, URL research web RDF, OWL, URI
  20. 20. internet tcp/ip web http, html, URL research web RDF, OWL, URI
  21. 21. © creative expression
  22. 22. the container, not the facts.
  23. 23. the container, not the facts. but © locks the container.
  24. 24. IGFBP-5 plays a role in the regulation of cellular senescence via a p53-dependent pathway and in aging-associated vascular diseases
  25. 25. IGFBP-5 plays a role in the regulation of cellular senescence via a p53-dependent pathway and in aging-associated vascular diseases
  26. 26. indexing: disallowed. http://orpheus-1.ucsd.edu/acq/license/cdlelsevier2004.pdf
  27. 27. creative work?
  28. 28. legal integration: impossible. http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/gkm1037/DC1/1
  29. 29. and what about ontologies?
  30. 30. copyrightable?
  31. 31. copyrightable? “it’s complicated.”
  32. 32. •and junk) (quality control: spam extension •integrity and attribution) loss of remix (brand confusion, •common(failure to adhere to formats protocols or technology) •of all Web things...) persistence (the transient nature
  33. 33. incremental innovation in the law: more accretion than innovation.
  34. 34. 3. basic requirements for modular, package-based approaches to “knowledge”
  35. 35. e pluribus unum.
  36. 36. a repository of ontologies, namespaces, and integrated databases. http://neurocommons.org
  37. 37. it starts with the public domain.
  38. 38. “requests but does not require”
  39. 39. identical to genome licensing the freedom to integrate
  40. 40. requires a modular, standards-based approach to licensing.
  41. 41. license propagation: whatsoever you do to the least of the databases, you do to the integrated system
  42. 42. license propagation: whatsoever you do to the least of the databases, you do to the integrated system (the most restrictive license wins)
  43. 43. a protocol, not a license
  44. 44. 3.1 The protocol must promote legal predictability and certainty. 3.2 The protocol must be easy to use and understand. 3.3 The protocol must impose the lowest possible transaction costs on users.
  45. 45. converge on the public domain: “norms, not laws”
  46. 46. conclusion?
  47. 47. 1. start with the public domain. 2. design data for use, not control. 3. hack and release!
  48. 48. “a running Neurocommons mirror consumes a fair amount of system resources”
  49. 49. http://kingsley.idehen.name:8890 http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/dataspace/dav/wiki/Main/VirtEC2AMINeuroCommonsInstall
  50. 50. thank you wilbanks@creativecommons.org http://sciencecommons.org
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