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American Geophysical Union. Slides on data sharing, legal, normative, social issues.

American Geophysical Union. Slides on data sharing, legal, normative, social issues.

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Agu Data Sharing Agu Data Sharing Presentation Transcript

  • AGU 2008 data sharing and science: legal, normative, and social issues john wilbanks creative commons / science commons
  • Copyright All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved
  • Copyright All Rights Reserved No Rights Reserved
  • licensing step 1: choose conditions Attribution Share Alike Non-Commercial No Derivative Works
  • licensing step 2: receive a license
  • Ported to 50 Jurisdictions
  • 160M
  • 160M
  • 1. bait and switch: data integration.
  • databases as unique entities, instead of nodes in a network
  • “packages”
  • scalable aggregation
  • not-software scalable modular
  • lots of people open licenses community norms
  • science is not unlike wikipedia...
  • science is not unlike wikipedia... ...except authenticated, and expensive.
  • 2. analog laws and norms, digital world.
  • internet network of computers web network of documents research web network of knowledge
  • internet tcp/ip web http, html, URL research web RDF, OWL, URI
  • internet tcp/ip web http, html, URL research web RDF, OWL, URI
  • © creative expression
  • the container, not the facts.
  • the container, not the facts. but © locks the container.
  • IGFBP-5 plays a role in the regulation of cellular senescence via a p53-dependent pathway and in aging-associated vascular diseases
  • IGFBP-5 plays a role in the regulation of cellular senescence via a p53-dependent pathway and in aging-associated vascular diseases
  • indexing: disallowed. http://orpheus-1.ucsd.edu/acq/license/cdlelsevier2004.pdf
  • creative work?
  • legal integration: impossible. http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/gkm1037/DC1/1
  • and what about ontologies?
  • copyrightable?
  • copyrightable? “it’s complicated.”
  • •and junk) (quality control: spam extension •integrity and attribution) loss of remix (brand confusion, •common(failure to adhere to formats protocols or technology) •of all Web things...) persistence (the transient nature
  • incremental innovation in the law: more accretion than innovation.
  • 3. basic requirements for modular, package-based approaches to “knowledge”
  • e pluribus unum.
  • a repository of ontologies, namespaces, and integrated databases. http://neurocommons.org
  • it starts with the public domain.
  • “requests but does not require”
  • identical to genome licensing the freedom to integrate
  • requires a modular, standards-based approach to licensing.
  • license propagation: whatsoever you do to the least of the databases, you do to the integrated system
  • license propagation: whatsoever you do to the least of the databases, you do to the integrated system (the most restrictive license wins)
  • a protocol, not a license
  • 3.1 The protocol must promote legal predictability and certainty. 3.2 The protocol must be easy to use and understand. 3.3 The protocol must impose the lowest possible transaction costs on users.
  • converge on the public domain: “norms, not laws”
  • conclusion?
  • 1. start with the public domain. 2. design data for use, not control. 3. hack and release!
  • “a running Neurocommons mirror consumes a fair amount of system resources”
  • http://kingsley.idehen.name:8890 http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/dataspace/dav/wiki/Main/VirtEC2AMINeuroCommonsInstall
  • thank you wilbanks@creativecommons.org http://sciencecommons.org