Using ICT to Promote Learning in a Medical Faculty
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Using ICT to Promote Learning in a Medical Faculty

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Presentation done for the Ragama Medical Faculty of University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka on 9th April 2012

Presentation done for the Ragama Medical Faculty of University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka on 9th April 2012

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  • Moodle – the most popular open source LMS, was selected after evaluating it after comparing with other learning management systems
  • Which resources they access most

Using ICT to Promote Learning in a Medical Faculty Using ICT to Promote Learning in a Medical Faculty Presentation Transcript

  • Using ICT to Promote Learning in a Medical Faculty Prof. Gihan Wikramanayake Director University of Colombo School of Computing gnw@ucsc.lk09 Apr2012 MAS Institute of Management Technology at Thulhiriya 1
  • OUTLINE• Tools & Technologies• Course Material• Instructional Design• Virtual Learning Environment• Learning Examples09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 2
  • Learning Paradigm teacher centric student centric16 August 2005 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 3
  • Networked Learning Instructor Coordinators Peers WWW Learner Experts … .---- … ---- .---- --- ---- -- --- .. -- .. Databases Multimedia Library09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 4
  • Mode PureTraditional online Face to course Face F2F for some F2F for exams Class time Blended Model09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 5
  • Learning Options Different Time Print, Cassettes, Different Web Conferencing Radio, Cable TV Place Same Different Any Time Labs, Time Time Any Place Study Centers Different Same Place Place Same Time Face-to-Face Same Place09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 6
  • Tools & Technologies Individual Media Basic Intermediate Advanced Text Print Web pages blogs Audio Audio clip Podcasts iPod downloads Images Photographs CD/ DVD Animations Video Video clips Annotations VoD CollaborativeMedia Basic Intermediate AdvancedText e-mail Computer conferencing Wikis BlogsAudio Telephone support Telephone conferencing AudiographicsImages Image banks, Share and edit, Simulations/ games e.g. Creative Commons e.g., FlickerVideo Webcasts/ TV Skype Videoconferencing
  • Convergence Camera Video Desk Dairy Radio/Alarm SMS/Text Internet MP3 Audio e-Mail Television Music Composer09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 8
  • Role• Teacher/Instructor – Synchronous communication • Tutorial Class • Exam/Center Supervision• Facilitator – Asynchronous communication • Motivate Participants • Respond to questions • Direct to FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 9
  • Services - Facilitation• e-Mentoring – Helping students to access services and other non-academic matters• e-Tutoring – Helping students on academic matters• Discussion Forums• Online Assistance – Industry participation – volunteers – Improving relevance of academic content09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 10
  • Course Material• Electronic from late 1990s... – CD-ROMs – Websites – e-mail communications09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 11
  • Course Material• Use of computer based material – To improve effectiveness of face to face learning – Learners access only through print media … .---- … ---- .---- --- ---- -- --- .. -- ..09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 12
  • Course Material• Case Study - Student Portals (2000) … – Handbook .---- ---- --- … .---- ---- -- --- – Detailed course syllabus with reference list .. -- .. – Lecture notes – Past papers – Student notices – Individual messages09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 13
  • Course Material• Traditional Learner support – TV Programmes – Not successful – You Tube/UCSC TV09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 14
  • Course Material• Learning Material – Face to Face, PowerPoint slides – Research Articles – SCORM Lessons, Chat Sessions, Forums, Wikis – External Wikis, Google Docs – YouTube, Common Craft, Podcasting – External multimedia lessons & Development – Second Life Failed due to Bandwidth09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 15
  • Instructional Design• How Online Learning can take place?• Learning activities (Drill) promote learning – Through feedback between a stimulus and a response. stimulus response feedback content learner09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 16 16
  • Instructional Design• Learning activities (Simulation) – Construct new ideas or concepts based on both their previous and current knowledge. previous active new knowledge learner09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 17
  • Virtual Learning Environment• VLE = Course Management (LMS) + Resources (Learning Material) + Services (e-Facilitation) http://vle.bit.lk• LMS - Moodle (Modular Object Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment)• Resources (Interactive/SCORM/Activities)• Services (Access Centers/Feedback)09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 18
  • Virtual Learning EnvironmentLearning Management System• Commercial and institutionally developed – by some academic and professional organisations• Virtual learning environments – Teacher centric study centres• No Online – Student centric learning – Self/peer learning09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 19
  • Virtual Learning Environment• Free and Open-source e-Learning Software• Affordable access to Internet• Not just PowerPoint Slides09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 20
  • Virtual Learning Environment• Moodle Localization• Virtual Campus Template• Active Learners - Best e-Learners• Web class• Online video lecture module• Virtual Canteen• Open Source Components: http://dev.lms.bit.lk/moodle09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 21
  • Resources – Home Page09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 22
  • Resources – Course Page09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 23
  • Resources – Syllabus09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 24
  • Resources – Student Manual09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 25
  • Resources – SCORM Lessons09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 26
  • Resources – Activity09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 27
  • Resources – Quiz09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 28
  • Resources – Quiz09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 29
  • Resources - Quiz• Developed bank on the curriculum – Structured based on the topics• Related to learning objectives• Minimum Distribution Function - 1:5• Difficulty Levels• Question Types – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) – Other types – Negative marks for wrong choices• Random Selection and Feedback09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 30
  • Resources - Quiz• Learner Sensitivity• Item Analysis• Inserting new questions09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 31
  • Learning Opportunities• Programme – Web Portal 2000-2003 – Online Assessments 2003-2006 – Online Activities 2006-2009 – e-Testing 2010 onwards • National Exams – Computer Driving License & FIT • IT for Professional Examination (CIM) • English• English & IT e-Testing 16,000 sat09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 32
  • Behaviours - Activities DIT - Information Systems & Technology• Quizzes 58%• Resources 40%• Forum 1%• Other 1%09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 33
  • Learning Opportunities• Fully Online Programmes09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 34
  • AnimationHANDLEAs the rod is As the rod ispulled out, pushed in,air passes throughthe pistonPISTON the inlet valve closesINLET VALVEOUTLET VALVEHOSEand fills the area and the piston forcesbetween the piston air through theand the outlet valve. outlet valve.
  • Interactive Simulation• Previously called Process Simulation• Learner runs over the simulation over and over, selecting values and interpreting results09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 36
  • Procedural Simulation• Learners are encouraged to explore alternatives and see their effects even when there are preferred procedural paths. – Burette (Chemistry) – Dissect a Frog (http://dissect.froguts.com/) – Diagnosis simulation 37
  • Situational Simulation• Deal with the behaviours and attitudes of people or organizations in different situations, rather than with skilled performance. – Marketing – Contract negotiation – Employee relations09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 38
  • Augmenting the reality: examplesThe augmentation of a real image of the patient on the operating table with hiscomputer tomography scans gives the surgeons the impression of looking throughthe skin and throughout the various layers of the body in 3-dimensions and incolor. The 3D perspective of the AR information is updated when the surgeonchanges his point of view on the scene. 09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 39
  • Spatial ApplicationsMedical diagnostics or surgery can be enhanced by augmenting the body-viewwith a virtual X-ray view, visualization of anatomical elements, tomography, orreal time images from ultrasound or Nuclear Magnetic Resonance devices.09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 40
  • Spatial Applications• The Webcam Social Shopper app allows you to seemingly hold articles of clothing up in front of yourself, while it tracks your movements so you can interact with the sites content when standing several feet away from your computers controls. 41
  • Virtual world09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 42
  • Augmented Reality • Indoor • Outdoor09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 43
  • Training technologies development E-Learning m-Training m-consultation m-work • Wearable Computer • UMTS • PDA • Wireless • Wireless• PC • Mobile Phone• Internet • GSM 2010 2000 2003 2006
  • Summary• Features: VLE – student portal – interactive learning material – e-Facilitation – Formative e-Assessments – weekly TV programmes – video lectures, – student manuals – collaborative learning – e-Testing09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 45
  • Summary• Paradigm shift Network centered Learner centric Interactive learning [with e-Facilitation] (modern learning) Campus centered Teacher centric Directed learning (traditional university courses)09 Apr2012 University of Colombo School of Computing (UCSC) 46