Improving the Quality and Efficiency of Public Higher Education: Computer Science and Mathematics 1999


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Presented by Gihan Wikramanayake on 4th September 1999, Galle, Sri Lanka.
S Parameswaren, G N Wikramanayake (1999) Improving the Quality and Efficiency of Public Higher Education: Computer Science and Mathematics Mid-Term Report, vol. II – Detailed Survey Results on Improving Education Planning. ADB TA 3037, pp. 86-120.

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Improving the Quality and Efficiency of Public Higher Education: Computer Science and Mathematics 1999

  1. 1. Improving Education Planning Computer Science and Mathematics Gihan Wikramanayake and Sri Parameswaran
  2. 2. Presentation <ul><li>Problems and Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies and Remedies </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>All academics and computing support staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only University of Moratuwa </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One for every 3 to 4 CS Students and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 to 10 Students </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One for every 10 for all other students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 to 100 Students </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Universities are lacking Physical Resources <ul><ul><li>US$ 16,336,320 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Lack Quality Teaching Personnel <ul><ul><li>Few Staff Members with PhD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombo 6 and most 1 or 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teach many CS subjects . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombo 27 and Rajarata 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliant on Visiting Lecturers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scholarships for PhDs and short term visits </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> 4,950,000 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lecture theatres with Internet connectivity, and Audio Visual systems including data projectors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,326,400 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Quality Teaching Personnel ... <ul><li>Create processes to measure quality of teaching, research and service </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the weight given to teaching in the criteria for promotion and emphasise modern teaching methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the “guidelines for content” developed by the </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical Association of America (MAA) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Lack Quality Technical Staff <ul><ul><li>No trained technicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network Administrators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Staff maintaining the networks and computers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Poor Library Facilities <ul><ul><li>Few computing journals and almost no conference proceedings Most found at NIBM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impossible to find out existence of such books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Lack of computerisation of library catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few academics knew about SLISTINET </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not used in the last three years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Order more journals with </li></ul><ul><li>emphasis for journals </li></ul><ul><li>from IEEE and ACM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>330,000 </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Internet Connectivity <ul><li>The slow growth of the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Direct connection to all Universities and </li></ul><ul><li>connect every building in every university </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UGC should allocate funds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specify minimum </li></ul><ul><li>service guarantees </li></ul><ul><li>for the LEARN network </li></ul>COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK
  9. 9. Limited Laboratory Facilities <ul><ul><li>Structured Laboratories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scheduled, Supervised, Closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost no unscheduled labs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few specialised laboratories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Development, Data Communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No remote access for students </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Lack of choice of Subjects <ul><ul><li>Older Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 science subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot take non-science subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 units or papers per subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost no interaction between faculties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Except for visiting lectures </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Lack of Course Unit System <ul><ul><li>Lack in the older universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited choice in the new universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Universities moving towards course units to give students greater flexibility in their choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backlog of students causing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disruptions to major changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and activities </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Curriculum <ul><li>Review is lacking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast changing field of study than other disciplines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improve the computer science curriculum to bring it up to ACM/IEEE-CS standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make it policy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a single curriculum for the computer science courses in the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A committee of all universities with CS programs </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Curriculum <ul><li>The need for object oriented programming languages to be introduced to the curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry used for software development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most graduates finds it difficult to adjust </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make JAVA the Introductory Programming Language Change the curriculum </li></ul>
  14. 14. Curriculum <ul><li>Create a smaller curriculum in Information Technology for all students </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the content of some of the more modern areas in Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Create a subject for Personal and Interpersonal Skills in all the CS and Mathematics Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Change the curriculum </li></ul>
  15. 15. Teaching and Assessment <ul><li>Virtually no modern techniques are used in teaching and assessment of subjects in the universities </li></ul><ul><li>Examinations and Continuous assessment pieces to be used not only for assessment but also to provide feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback and Exam results are delayed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper moderation and second marking done </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>locally and internationally </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Teaching and Assessment <ul><li>Low number of students graduating with </li></ul><ul><li>first class honours </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping with international standards </li></ul><ul><li>Review criteria for conferring Honours degrees </li></ul>
  17. 17. Meet the Demand <ul><li>Create an External Degree </li></ul><ul><li>in Computer Science Colombo/Open Universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>442,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a strong accreditation body with international membership </li></ul>
  18. 18. Bureaucratic System <ul><li>Universities face a bureaucratic system </li></ul><ul><li>in which purchasing and disposing </li></ul><ul><li>of equipment is difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Improve processes for </li></ul><ul><li>purchasing and disposing </li></ul><ul><li>of equipment </li></ul>
  19. 19. Market Loading <ul><li>In order to retain academic staff in computing related areas, they should be paid a “market loading” </li></ul>