By: María Jesús Campos<br />TheNapoleonic Era in Europe<br />
Napoleon Bonaparte<br />1769-1821<br />Born in Corsica<br />1789 liutenantontheFrenchArmyduringtheFrenchRevolutionaryWar.<br />Promotedto General. <br />Hisvictoriesmadehimvery popular.<br />
Therise of Napoleon<br />1799 Napoleonled a coupd’etat and becamedictator.<br />1804 he crownedhimself as emperorNapoleon I.<br />Peopleacceptedbecausetheylongedfor a returntopeace and normal lifeafterthelongperiod of theFrenchRevolution.<br />
Reorganisedthegovernment.<br />Reformedeconomy.<br />CreatedtheCodeNapoleon, legal codethatorganizedFrenchlaws.<br />Foundedthe Bank of France as a central financialinstitution.<br />Established a Frenchpubliceducationalsystem.<br />DomesticPolicy<br />
ForeignPolicy<br />DismissingtheFrenchdesireforpeace, Bonaparte set outon a personal questtodominateEurope.<br />DeclaredwaronEngland in 1803 butwasdefeated in Cape Trafalgar.<br />Napoleonimposedthe “Continental system” blockadingEnglandfrom trading withothernations of Europe.<br />
Eventually, hisrelatives and militarymenruledoverforeigngovernmentsthroughthecontinent.<br />Therest of EuropefellunderNapoleon’s rule as he won victoryaftervictoryonthecontinent.<br />Throughtreaties and alliances, NapoleonstrengthenedhisEuropeandominance.<br />
SpanishWar of Independence<br />In 1808 SpainrevoltedagainstNapoleon’sbrother Josep I and droveouttheFrenchtroops.<br />In 1812 NapoleondeclaredwarontheRussians. <br />TheRussiansretreated, burning and destroyingeverything. <br />A combination of thesevereRussianwinter and the guerrilla harassment of theRussiansoldiersonNapoleon’sforceendedwiththelost of over 2/3 of theFrencharmy .<br />Thefall of Napoleon<br />RussianCampaign<br />
Europe faces Napoleon<br />Austria, Russia, Great Britain and SwedencombinedtheirtroopstomeettheFrencharmy.<br />Napoleonisdefeated at Leipzig in 1813 and forcedtosurrenderhisthrone. <br />
TheEmpire of the 100 Days<br />1815 Napoleonescapedhis exile and returnedto France.<br />Armiesfrom Great Britain, Prussia and HollanddefeatedNapoleon at Waterloo.<br />Napoleonwasbanishedtotheisland of St. Helena, where he died in 1821.<br />
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