The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from theperennial Solanaceae family. The word potato mayrefer to the plant itself as well as to the edible tuber.
• In the Altiplano (in the Andes), potatoes would provide the principal energy source for the Inca Empire and its predecessors.
• In Peru above 10,000 feet altitude, tubers exposed to the cold night air turned into chuño; this way, chuño was stored for years with no loss of nutritional value.
• We introduced the potato to Europe in the second half of the 16th century, when we conquered the Inca Empire.• The potato became an important field crop, and played a major role in the European 19th century diet.
THE TOMATO The tomato is It’sa tasty, typically red considered afruit. Originating in vegetable forSouth America, the culinary purposestomato was spread which has causedaround the world some confusion.following the Spanish The fruit is rich incolonization of the lycopene, whichAmericas, and its many may havevarieties are now beneficial healthwidely grown. effects.The tomato belongs to the nightshade family. The plants typically grow to1–3 metres in height and have a weak stem. It is a perennial in its nativehabitat
THE TOMATO The tomato is native to south America where is located in the highlands of Peru. One species, was transported to Mexicowhere it was grown and consumed by Mesoamericancivilizations. The first domesticated tomato may havebeen a little yellow fruit, similar in size to a cherrytomato, grown by the Aztecs of Central America. Theword tomato means "the swelling fruit".
Many historians believe that the Spanish explorer HernánCortés may have been the first to transfer the small yellow tomatoto Europe after he conquered the Aztec city of TenochtitlanTenochtitlan, now Mexico city, in 1521. Others believe Christopher Columbus, who worked for the Spanish monarchy, was the first European to take back the tomato, as early as 1493. The Aztecs believed that those who witnessed the ingestion of tomato seeds were blessed with powers of divination.