Are your sensors oil field tough?
 

Are your sensors oil field tough?

on

  • 430 views

The right pressure transmitter can enhance production. The key to maximizing the return on oil and gas development projects rests with the maintenance and safety of your—sometimes—aging equipment.

The right pressure transmitter can enhance production. The key to maximizing the return on oil and gas development projects rests with the maintenance and safety of your—sometimes—aging equipment.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
430
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
430
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Are your sensors oil field tough? Are your sensors oil field tough? Presentation Transcript

    • Are All of Your Sensors Oil Field Tough? How the Right Pressure Transmitter Can Enhance Production Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 1
    • The Product Must Flow... But at Minimal Cost Your job is to bring new supplies on line, on time, and at acceptable cost. All while dealing with increased regulatory activity and environmental concerns, skilled worker shortages, remote locations, and geological complexity. And today the industry is no longer operating “factory” business model. That means dealing with tighter margins and less room for error. Also, the expansion of gas supply may mean that the price of natural gas will be in the low-to-modest range for years to come. That makes shaving costs of drilling and well completion operations even more critical. Top Two Business Drivers For Power and Energy Companies Need to reduce OpEx 53% Constrained Capex 50% Aging assets (plant and equipment) 40% Heightened regulatory compliance 22% Corporate sustainability initiatives 17% 0 10 All Respondents 20 30 40 50 60 Percentage of Respondents, n=83 Source: Aberdeen Group, October 2010 Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 1
    • Are You In Control? The key to maximizing the return on oil and gas development projects rests with the maintenance and safety of your—sometimes—aging equipment. While most upstream organizations today use traditional maintenance models (see Fig 1.), companies using condition-based monitoring have experienced: • Production increases in the range of 5% overall • Increased reservoir life • Lowered cost of production maintenance and decision making.1 Fig 1. Approach Technique Needed Human Body Parallel Reactive Maintenance Large budget Unplanned loss of production Stroke or heart attack Preventive Maintenance Periodic component replacement Bypass or transplant Condition-Based Monitoring Monitoring of pressure and other indicators Detection with regular check-ups, EKG or other monitoring 1. http://www.epmag.com/EP-Magazine/archive/Monitoring-upstream-assets_4225 Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 2
    • Why Condition-Based Monitoring? Condition-based monitoring means detecting equipment problems before they lead to lost production. Companies employing this approach use “alarms” such as pressure transmitters to identify faults and spot patterns—and correct them before they affect production. The next section will discuss how to select a pressure transmitter that can help ensure productive, cost-effective operations. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 3
    • extraction equipment. They monitor a variety of functions, from well performance to vapor recovery. OIL WELL / GAS WELL Pressure TANK Pressure and Vapor Recovery SEPARATORS Pressure FIELD DEHYDRATION Areas in oil and gas extraction that need electronic transmitters. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 4
    • Identifying Issues Quickly Monitoring allows you and your team to identify and resolve issues quickly—while also performing regular maintenance to keep small issues from Percent of wells affected by SCP Many wells have issues that lead to gas migration and sustained casing pressure, even newer wells. Monitoring tubing and casing pressure can not only help you maintain a constant production output, it can also help: • Assure stability and integrity of the wellbore 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 4 8 migrating into fresh water zones or other unintended strata Why Monitor? Cost of Failure 12 16 20 Well age, years 24 28 Source: Schlumberger, Oilfield Review Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 5
    • Well Performance Monitoring Well performance monitoring allows you to focus on the problem wells that may be showing signs of performance issues such as: • Scaling and water breakthrough • Compression plant constraints • Unplanned shutdowns • Hydrate formation and gas lift equipment faults With the right information, you can analyze and manner. Similarly, level and pressure measurement in storage tanks can help maximize productivity and avoid clean up costs for a collapsed tank or emissions. Hear how monitoring can help maximize output. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 6
    • More than Monitoring helps boost reservoir recovery. With shale gas wells, production can decline 70% 1 As production falls, liquid collects in the well bore, 90% 2 the reservoir and encourage product to the surface. as a plunger lift receive: • Revenue from increased production • Revenue from avoided emissions • Avoided costs—well treatment costs, reduced electricity costs, workover costs • Salvage value 1 http://www.epmag.com/Production-Drilling/Plunger-lift-technology-improves-shale-gasproduction_62594 2 http://hfoptimiser.com/FAQ.php# Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 7
    • Need an extra an estimated $127,750 2 reduces the cost of operating a well compared to pressure supplies the energy used to lift the liquids. An average plunger lift installation will cost approximately $3,500 compared to $28,000 for a pumping unit or $32,000 for a small compressor.1 In this system, users monitor casing and tubing pressures via pressure transmitters to optimize the plunger lift cycle—minimizing back pressure and work without pressure transmitters. 1 http://www.fergusonbeauregard.com/downloads/introduction-to-plunger-lift.pdf 2 EPA Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 8
    • True Cost of Failure: Unplanned downtime is a constant, costly menace For a single 350 mcf/d (thousand cubic feet per day) well, lost revenue equates to $25,200 per year at $3/mcf. A well down for 2 days a month reduces production by 6.5% annually. wells, lost revenue is more than $2.5 million per year. Source: http://www.shaletec.com/faq/troubleshooting-plunger-lift-wells/ Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 9
    • The cost of failure may be more than loss You also have to think about the “soft” cost of having your e-tech spending the day at the well to check on a performance issue. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 10
    • You From Producing production. You could have a problem down hole. Without that transmitter and continuous monitoring, you have almost lost control of the well. The same could be said of a storage tank—without a pressure transmitter you risk a collapsed tank. Availability Is the transmitter you need available as soon as you need it? Durability and Longevity Will it handle the heat in Texas? Will it handle the cold in North Dakota? Can you install the transmitter and then forget about it for years? Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Our expert explains the cost of failure for a failed pressure sensor. Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 11
    • From Sun to Snow The environment can be a durability killer. Whether you have wells installed in North Dakota with that will handle the most extreme cold and the extreme heat. Your pressure transmitter must also handle: • Rain • Snow and icing • Dust and dirt • Corona discharge from lightning • Electromagnetic interference (EMI) Pressure transmitters face many challenges under these operating conditions. You must carefully select the right pressure transmitter to operate successfully while providing long-term, precise measurements. Pressure transmitters are not all the same. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 12
    • How did WIKA become the standard in stick transmitters? Because we listened to our customers. 10 years. tough.” To do so, we asked them about the insights, we designed long-term environmental testing to establish when, how and which electrical and mechanical components would break under severe, adverse conditions. Then, we used the best materials and welds to withstand the various Our pressure transmitter has an all-welded steel case that is built to last. The steel case keeps elements such as rain, snow, wind, and dust away from electrical components. application, so you can focus on cost-effective, non-stop performance. Hear how WIKA ensures it has a product that it is “Oil Field Tough.” Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 13
    • Case Study: Challenge • A large E&P company needed to Solution • The company tested three competing pressure transmitters and chose WIKA due to its durability. Results • “Real-world” results have mirrored the test results—the customer now has standardized to WIKA because our conditions for years. *Source: Actual WIKA customer and case study Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 14
    • But Starts with Measurement monitoring in shallow tanks, and proper pressure measurement for venting and monitoring systems for salt Installation and Capital Cost1 Internal Rate of Return (Mcf/day) ($) Operating and Maintenance ($/year) 25 35,738 7,367 39,000 14 84% 50 46,073 8,419 79,000 8 152% 100 55,524 10,103 158,000 5 200 74,425 11,787 317,000 3 266% 500 103,959 16,839 793,000 2 Value of Gas2 ($/year) Payback (Months) (%) 410% 747% 1: Unit cost of the entire recovery unit plus estimated installation at 75% of unit cost 2: $9.15/Mcf x 1/2 capacity x 365 x 95% Mcf = thousand cubic feet “Reducing Methane Emission with Vapor Recovery on Storage Tanks,” March 23, 2010, epa.gov/ga Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 15
    • A storage tank battery can vent 5,000 to 500,000 Mcf of natural gas and light hydrocarbons to the atmosphere system. The EPA is now employing infrared detection from helicopters to try and identify potential areas of high hydrocarbon emissions, such as what can occur with venting. $93 million 1 EPA infrared video of hydrocarbons venting from storage tank 1: http://www.epa.gov/enforcement/air/oil.html Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 16
    • $10,000 to $35,000 Protecting the life your assets can be a daunting task, especially when something as simple as a drop in pressure can cause such chaos. In the case of storage tanks, under-pressure needs to be combatted by a storage tank to collapse. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 17
    • From Managed Chaos... The oil & gas industry engages in what some have called: “Managed chaos.” Managing leaseholds and optimizing rigs across multiple basins is a major challenge. Changes in rig availability, rig rates, permit approvals, site access, and availability of consumables and services can happen overnight. Sometimes you have to wait, wait, wait... GO! You may want to use the best—most durable— a well on a $300 transmitter, so you need a supplier that can meet your demands in a timely manner. “Your company needs to drill a thousand or more want to wait for equipment.” Chris Smith, WIKA Electronic Solutions Expert Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 18
    • To What You Need When You Need It WIKA employs a 21st Century just-in-time supply chain. We have stock in Atlanta in our main warehouse. We have several distributors located in the local shale plays that also have stock. In short, we have what you need. We sit down with our customers on an annual or need for their production. We also keep emergency stock on hand for short-notice orders. We understand that if you have a lease that is just need to supply transmitters immediately. Our expert explains how WIKA can help manage the chaos of short lead times. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 19
    • Designed for Your Industry Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 20
    • E-10 Pressure Transmitter These pressure transmitters are designed to contain, control and vent any possible ignition, without igniting maintain the explosion proof rating. Piezoresistive sensor and NACE MR-01-75 compliant, which provides additional protection against Available with 4 ... 20 mA, 2-wire or 1 ... 5 V, 3-wire low power output signals FM-approved explosion-proof for Class I Division 1 hazardous locations to media containing sulphur Temperature compensated to assure accuracy and long-term stability when exposed to severe ambient temperature variations Engineered to withstand harsh environments Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 21
    • N-10 Pressure Transmitter Non-incendive explosion-proof pressure transmitters are preferred when potential hazards are only occasionally present. They are designed to work in Class 1, Division II hazardous areas and require less stringent installation procedures than explosion-proof pressure transmitters. Piezoresistive sensor and NACE MR-01-75 compliant Engineered to meet the harsh demands of gas compressor applications 4-20 mA or low power 1-5 V output signals available FM approved Non-incendive for Class I Division 2 hazardous locations Does not require the use of intrinsically safe barriers Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 22
    • IS-20 Pressure Transmitter Intrinsically safe explosion-proof pressure transmitters are designed to limit the thermal and electrical energy to a point where ignition is not possible. Intrinsically safe pressure transmitters require the use of an intrinsically safe barrier installed in the safe area. They do not require the use of conduit and conduit seals or need a “hot permit” if servicing of the instrument loop is required. Compact stainless steel case that is available with environmental protection ratings up to NEMA 6 (IP 68) Industry standard electrical connections including DIN 175301-803A Lconnector, cables, housings and many others Non-linearity of up to 0.125 % B.F.S.L. No internal soft-sealing materials that may react with the media or deteriorate over time Available output signals include 4 ... 20 mA, 0 ... 10 VDC, 1 ... 5 VDC and many others IP 69K high pressure steam wash-down protection available Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 23
    • For a company in a mature, industrial environment, WIKA is very progressive. We embrace change, and we love a good challenge. We like to say, “Give us your worst.” our expertise, we can tap into a worldwide network of engineers to help. Someone in our network has probably already seen a problem that is new to you. we stand behind our products and services. we are the largest, most experienced company in the world for pressure measurement instruments. Contact Us for More Information employs more than 7,000 people. When you need WIKA® is a registered trademark of WIKA Alexander Wiegand SE & Co. KG., used under license by WIKA Instrument Corporation. Copyright 2013 WIKA Instrument Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Why Monitor? Cost of Failure Selecting a Sensor Products Contact Form Distributor Locator 25