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  • 1. The Scientific Method
  • 2. What is the Scientific Method? <ul><li>It is a process that is used to find answers to questions about the world around us. </li></ul>
  • 3. Is there only one “scientific method”? <ul><li>No, there are several versions of the scientific method. </li></ul><ul><li>Some versions have more steps, while others may have only a few. </li></ul><ul><li>They all begin with the identification of a problem or a question to be answered based on observations of the world around us </li></ul><ul><li>And they all provide an organized method for conducting and analyzing an experiment. </li></ul>
  • 4. What is a hypothesis? <ul><li>It is an educated guess based on observations and your knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>of the topic. </li></ul>
  • 5. What is data? <ul><li>It is information gathered during an experiment. </li></ul>
  • 6. Steps of the Scientific Method
  • 7. Identify the Problem <ul><li>What do you want to know or explain? </li></ul><ul><li>Use observations you have made to write a question that addresses the problem or topic you want to investigate. </li></ul>
  • 8. Form a Hypothesis <ul><li>What do you think will happen? </li></ul><ul><li>Predict the answer to your question or the outcome of the experiment. </li></ul>
  • 9. Design an Experiment <ul><li>How will you test your hypothesis? Develop a procedure for a reliable experiment and address safety rules. </li></ul>
  • 10. Perform an Experiment <ul><li>Follow the steps in your procedure to perform your experiment. Record data and observations carefully! </li></ul>
  • 11. Analyze the Data <ul><li>Is the data reliable? Does your data and observations from the experiment support your hypothesis? </li></ul>
  • 12. If the answer is YES-Communicate the Results <ul><li>Write a conclusion that summarizes the important parts of your experiment and the results. </li></ul><ul><li>Let others know what you have found. </li></ul>
  • 13. If the answer is NO- Modify the Experiment <ul><li>Is your data inaccurate or the experiment flawed? </li></ul><ul><li>Rewrite your procedure to address </li></ul><ul><li>the flaws in the original experiment. </li></ul>

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