Bio 120 Medical Terminology
Tim Widlic
The Urinary
System:
5
Abbreviations
cath: catheterization
The process by which a catheter (tube) is
inserted through the urethra and into the
bladder, for the...
Click below to view animation
of male/female catheterization
http://emprocedures.com/urinary_cath/animations.htm
Catheter Types
Foley catheter: Retained
via a balloon injected
with sterile water, which
allows for long-term
catheterizat...
Catheter types continued…
Texas catheter: Used for male
patients only. Less risk of an
infection than an indwelling
cathet...
ESWL – extra corporeal
shockwave lithotripsy
•A non-invasive , therapeutic procedure whereby renal
calculi (kidney stones)...
Click below to view footage with a
technician who performs ESWL
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTR35kSDBso&feature=related...
BUN – blood urea nitrogen
•A diagnostic procedure used in order to determine
how well the kidneys are functioning by measu...
BUN continued…
• Urea is formed as an end product of
protein catabolism.
• Is normally excreted by the kidneys
through the...
IVP – intravenous pyelogram
•A visual record in the form of an x-ray.
•Obtained by the injection of a contrast
medium into...
CRF – chronic renal failure
•A condition where increased levels of
urea and other waste products are
retained in the blood...
CRF continued…
•Early signs include: sluggishness, fatigue, and
mental dullness.
•Late signs include: anuria, convulsions,...
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The Urinary System: 5 Abbreviations

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The Urinary System: 5 Abbreviations

  1. 1. Bio 120 Medical Terminology Tim Widlic
  2. 2. The Urinary System: 5 Abbreviations
  3. 3. cath: catheterization The process by which a catheter (tube) is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder, for the purpose of allowing the urine to free flow.
  4. 4. Click below to view animation of male/female catheterization http://emprocedures.com/urinary_cath/animations.htm
  5. 5. Catheter Types Foley catheter: Retained via a balloon injected with sterile water, which allows for long-term catheterization. Used in most cases.Irrigation ports useful when blood clots are present . Used in males with an enlarged prostate.
  6. 6. Catheter types continued… Texas catheter: Used for male patients only. Less risk of an infection than an indwelling catheter. Straight catheter: Does not have a balloon. Used for short-term catheterization.
  7. 7. ESWL – extra corporeal shockwave lithotripsy •A non-invasive , therapeutic procedure whereby renal calculi (kidney stones) are crushed from the outside of the body, utilizing a directed, acoustic pulse. •Ideally, the pulverized remains are passed in the urine.
  8. 8. Click below to view footage with a technician who performs ESWL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTR35kSDBso&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yl8Qy79aLk0&feature=related
  9. 9. BUN – blood urea nitrogen •A diagnostic procedure used in order to determine how well the kidneys are functioning by measuring blood levels of urea.
  10. 10. BUN continued… • Urea is formed as an end product of protein catabolism. • Is normally excreted by the kidneys through the urine. • A critical range of 100mg/dL indicates serious impairment of the kidneys.
  11. 11. IVP – intravenous pyelogram •A visual record in the form of an x-ray. •Obtained by the injection of a contrast medium into a vein, so as to make the renal calyces, renal pelvises, ureters, and urinary bladder more prominent on the x-ray.
  12. 12. CRF – chronic renal failure •A condition where increased levels of urea and other waste products are retained in the blood due to chronic kidney dysfunction. Example of enlarged, polycystic kidney on left, normal on left. Enlarged polycystic kidneys
  13. 13. CRF continued… •Early signs include: sluggishness, fatigue, and mental dullness. •Late signs include: anuria, convulsions, GI bleeding, malnutrition, neuropathy, types of anemia, and yellowing of the skin. •Long-term hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is often initiated. •Kidney transplantation is often considered.
  14. 14. Thank you for viewing.
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