In the beginning of the story, the tone of the story is misery and indignation. The animals are tired of working for nothing in return and believe that they deserve a break.
In the middle of the story, the animals are motivated to do the work that will help their society. After the rebellion, they feel like everything will be good from now on.
At the end of the story, the tone returns to the beginning tone of misery and indignation. The animals have to work just as hard as they had before the rebellion because Napoleon took over. Napoleon and man end up being equal.
In the beginning, all the animals are the protagonist because they are working together to defeat Mr. Jones. As the story goes on, the pigs become the main character. At the end, Napoleon is the animal who is in charge of the farm and moves over to the antagonist position.
At the start of the story, Mr. Jones, Mr. Frederick, and Mr. Pilkington are working against the animals. In the middle of the story, Mr. Fredrick and Mr. Pilkington continue to work against the farm. However, at the end Mr. Fredrick and Mr. Pilkington are working with Napoleon and the rest of the pigs.
Animals vs. Mr. Jones – After Old Major has a stirring dream, the animals become restless and make plans to rebel against Mr. Jones. They feel once they have accomplished the rebellion against Jones everything will be better.
Snowball vs. Napoleon – Once the animals have taken over the farm, Snowball and Napoleon start having trouble working together and both get greedy for more power. In the end, Napoleon defeats Snowball and has the dogs chase him out of the farm.
Animals vs. Winter – After the windmill is blown down, Napoleon orders the animals to work throughout the winter to rebuild it. The winter is bitter cold and the animals receive little to eat. Through that winter, the animals struggle, but still receive little food.
Animals vs. Mr. Jones, Mr. Fredrick, Mr. Pilkington – Before and after the Rebellion, the humans are a threat to the animals either by the way they lived or the way they wanted to live. The pigs use the negative image of, “Mr. Jones will come back,” to frighten the animals into doing what they are told.
Other Farms vs. Manor Farm- While Napoleon is in power, the farms around the country are talking about how Animal Farm is run by animals. They are afraid that the same thing may happen to their farms.
Mollie vs. Animalism – From the beginning, Mollie is unsure whether the animals should rebel against Mr. Jones. She likes the ribbons and sugar lumps that he gives her and is not sure she wants to live without them. A few weeks after the Rebellion, Mollie runs away and lives in the luxury that she wants.