Satire in Animal Farm


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  • I would love to share your presentation with my students. My email address is: Any information about yourself i.e background would also be appreciated.


    Mr. Averne Myles
    Senior High School English Teacher
    Sekolah Tunas Muda
    Jakarta Indonesia
    IB World School
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  • I can see many real life situations in this explanation.

    1) The Government that chased away the 'occupier' but do not know how to run the country well enough so that it can continue to prosper. In the end the citizens suffer with inflation.

    2) Government who think that a particular race should have privileges regardless whether they deserve them or whether they could manage the opportunities showered them freely. Curbing education because a particular race could not catch up with the standard already set up by other races. That could only lead to brain drain in that country and slow down its progress.
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Satire in Animal Farm

  1. 1. Satire/Irony Notes Created by: Olivia and Nathan This photo is from:
  2. 2. Setting <ul><li>S/I can be set in any time, any place. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any time  also shows that the story is an allegory because Animal Farm is NOT dated by time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any place  rural England farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Name: Animal Farm/ Manor Farm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmhouse </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lots of animals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Farmer Jones </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. No One Wins, No One Loses <ul><li>No one wins  The animals suffer more and have worse conditions than when Farmer Jones ruled. </li></ul><ul><li>No one loses  The animals accomplish their goal of having a farm ruled by animals ,free of humans, and one of their own kind ruling them (exception is the fact that the pigs change to humans). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Criticism <ul><li>Orwell criticizes totalitarianism because of the outcome they achieved after they overthrew the czar. In a similar situation in Animal Farm , the animals overthrow Jones and his family but as their leadership forms, the reader sees direct relationship between the new leadership and the rule of Jones. By the end of the story, the pigs (leadership) have become exactly like the humans to the point where the animals can see no difference between the two. Therefore, only a worse situation came out of the revolution because the animals had worse living conditions than before. </li></ul><ul><li>Orwell also criticizes the people who do not stand up for what they believe and follow the revolutionaries while ignoring the future outcomes of their actions. For example, the animals follow blindly after the pigs not realizing who would be the governing body and how they would get supplies they could not get from the farm like food and parts for the windmill. </li></ul><ul><li>Another criticism is directed to the people who are power hungry like the pigs. They start as one of the group and work for the good of everyone, but their motivation slowly changes to focus on just them and how they can benefit in the end. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Additional Information <ul><li>You have to be mature to understand S/I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little kids  understand only the surface story (animals form a rebellion and take over a farm) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher Maturity and Educated People  understand the underlying meaning (Russian Revolution) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characters <ul><li>Protagonist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals (pigs and everyone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accomplish a goal- to take over the Manor Farm that was run by Jones, and run the farm by having their own government that would be more sympathetic to their wants and needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness/Experienced- the animals understand what total control feels like and what type of government they would like to be run by, but they are not aware enough to see their true outcome </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat- as the reader, we do not know the animals as anything beyond what the story tells us about this one period in their life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personality Flaws- the animals main flaw is their unawareness of the consequences that are to come from Napoleon ’ s actions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Characters <ul><li>Antagonist- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. Jones and man (in general) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blocking force- man attempts to fight the new government, trying to prevent the animals from going on with their plan of ruling the farm free of humans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experienced- they have been in the ruling position once before and know how to run a farm, and they know who they want to be in charge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flat- Mr. Jones and others are flat because we only hear about them in very general terms at the beginning and middle of the story (we do not know much about their past or their life after they try to rebel against the animals) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Napoleon <ul><li>Napoleon is both a protagonist and an antagonist in the story. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the beginning of the story, he is the protagonist, but by the end of the story he becomes the antagonist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attempting to accomplish a goal- he wants to overthrow Jones just like the rest of the animals (he is part of the group) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experienced and aware- he understands/ knows what total control feels like by another </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personality flaws- he has a desire to become a powerful leader with total control which then changes him to an antagonist against the animals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antagonist- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blocking force- he prevents the animals from getting what they want (a government where everyone has their own voice and all animals are equal) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experienced and aware- he understands/ knows what total control feels like and is aware of the opportunity he has to be the new ruler of the farm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Irony <ul><li>Situational  We think one thing will happen, then an unexpected twist occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatic  The reader knows something that the characters in the book do not know. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Situational Irony <ul><li>We think that since because the animals rule the farm, they will have a utopia. </li></ul><ul><li>Unexpected twist  The pigs become dominant, and they have a utopia while the other animals suffer from misery. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Dramatic Irony <ul><li>We know that the pigs (Squealer) are changing the commandments, but the other animals are clueless. </li></ul><ul><li>We know that Boxer was slaughtered while the other animals think he died in the veterinary clinic, even though he was given lots of expensive medicines that Napoleon supposedly paid for. </li></ul><ul><li>We recognize that the pigs are slowly taking over little by little, while the other animals do not realize that every move the pigs make means less freedom for them. </li></ul>