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Introduction to logic models

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Jennifer Kuschner, Program Development and Evaluation Specialist, UW-Extension …

Jennifer Kuschner, Program Development and Evaluation Specialist, UW-Extension
Kerry Zaleski, Monitoring and Evaluation Project Coordinator, UW-Extension

This interactive session provided participants with an overview of what a logic model is and how to use one for planning, implementation, evaluation or communicating about co-curricular community service activities. The session also provided an opportunity to work in teams to create participant’s own logic model.

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  • 1. Introduction to Logic Models Jennifer Kushner & Kerry Zaleski Program Development & Evaluation UW- Cooperative Extension
  • 2. Introductions What is one thing you evaluated in your personal or professional life in the past week? (could be food, clothing, a new purchase, etc.)
  • 3. Learning Outcomes What are your learning outcomes for yourself today? What are our desired learning outcomes for you today (in addition to meeting yours)?
  • 4. Logic Models (a popular tool…) What is it? How is it used? • “How do you know you’ve arrived if you don’t know where you are going?”
  • 5. What are ways to use logic models? To link activities to results To serve as a basis for communicating with others To guide program planning and evaluation To make visible gaps in logic To make explicit theories of change To improve decision-making
  • 6. Parts of the Logic Model Situation is the current condition, issue or opportunity calling for programming Inputs are the resources we invest to bring about change Outputs are what we generate: activities, products Outcomes are what is different as a result of our effort Evaluation is how we measure and describe the above Assumptions are our beliefs and expectations that inform our programming choices
  • 7. INPUTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES/Impacts Program investments Activities Participation Short Participants knowledge changes Medium Participants practice new techniques or skills Long-term Conditions (social, economic, environmental) improve Situation = What are things like now? Components of a logic modelComponents of a logic model •External factors •Assumptions
  • 8. H U N G R Y Feel betterFeel betterGet foodGet food Eat foodEat food Everyday example Eat food
  • 9. How will activities lead to desired outcomes? A series of if-then relationships …(program logic) We invest time, money and expertise AA boys grades 2-5 Boys feel supported and respected, understand the importance of school work to their future, feel motivated to learn Improve behavior Attend and Participate in class Follow routine, rituals and rules Monitor own progress towards goals Improved academic achievement among AA boys IF then IF then IF then Facilitate circles of support group meetings focused on developing mutual support, positive school identities, and fostering improved engagement with school. . IF then Example: Addressing the academic achievement gap
  • 10. Interactive Group Activity
  • 11. Your assessment of the logic model…  Its logic (if-then)  Its strength and limitations  Its assumptions  Its consideration of organizational values  Its strategies for engaging diverse and underrepresented populations
  • 12. Activities Participation Short Medium LongGrant $ Grant Guidelines Curriculum Re-entry committee Jail Partners Staff UWE – Extension CJCC members Time Male inmates Female inmates Increase knowledge of support services and resources and how to access them Access community resources: housing, jobs, relationships, mental health, parenting, AODA, etc. Graduates address core issues Teach jail and prison inmates life skills program curriculum Inputs Outputs Outcomes CASE EXAMPLE: Community Re-entry Program Increase awareness of core issues they are struggling with Learn skills to address issues (decision- making, communication , AOD recovery, etc.) Released inmates function successfully in the community Released inmates avoid criminal behavior Safer communities Reduced recidivism Reduced incarceration costs
  • 13. UWEX team M&E volunteer s Resource s and materials Increased understanding of M&E: Purpose, value, components Increased technical knowledge and skills in: • Logic modeling • Data collection • Data analysis and use Develop quality M & E plan • Relevant to context • Meets accountability and learning goals FTF Country Teams External factors: USAID reporting requirements remain consistent; stable political situation in countries Assumptions: Clear, timely communications between UWEX and POA and country teams; collaborative working relationship between UWEX and POA; FTFNet works well; in-county resources (vehicles, technologies, etc.) are available to support data collection; country staff motivated to engage; there is a supportive organizational climate for M&E within POA and at country level Sustainable and effective M&E system • Meets USAID needs (accountabili ty) • Enhances learning • Improves programmin g InputsInputs Outcomes Short Medium Long Outcomes Short Medium Long Technicians and hosts Volunt eers Professional development • Assess needs • Conduct training/workshops • Provide TA • Mentor/coach • Develop M&E materials/resources [Series of face-to-face, distance, individual/group activities over contract cycle] Professional development • Assess needs • Conduct training/workshops • Provide TA • Mentor/coach • Develop M&E materials/resources [Series of face-to-face, distance, individual/group activities over contract cycle] M&E infrastructure • Review and test data collection forms (baseline, OCAT, etc) • Support F2Fnet • Provide data quality checks and feedback • Ensure POA M&E policies support M&E system M&E infrastructure • Review and test data collection forms (baseline, OCAT, etc) • Support F2Fnet • Provide data quality checks and feedback • Ensure POA M&E policies support M&E system Volunteer reporting • Ensure volunteer reports provides useful information for M&E •Training and TA Volunteer reporting • Ensure volunteer reports provides useful information for M&E •Training and TA Contract budget Increased knowledge and skills in using F2FNET POA Design and implement evaluation studies • Mid-term • Final Design and implement evaluation studies • Mid-term • Final Increased valuing of M&E (attitudes) • Data needs • Value to self Increased understanding of M&E data needs Research, evidence -based M&E practice Partners Monitor and evaluate our own workMonitor and evaluate our own work Implement M&E plan Data are used in decision making, for accountability reporting, for improvement Useful, credible data are available Increased skills in reporting useful data Outputs Activities Participation Outputs Activities Participation UWEX Monitoring and Evaluation Program Logic Model
  • 14. Activity Design a logic model as a group
  • 15. Ethical considerations
  • 16. Evaluation standards Utility Serves information needs of intended users Feasibility Realistic, prudent, diplomatic, frugal, effective and efficient Propriety Legal, ethical, due regard to welfare Accuracy Reveals and conveys technically accurate information; dependability and truthfulness Source: The Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation, Inc. (1994). Available at: http://goo.gl/LL8It4 Or AEA: http://www.eval.org/p/cm/ld/fid=103
  • 17. Human Participants/Subjects Protection Protecting the rights and welfare of individuals who participate in our research and evaluations
  • 18. Belmont Principles Respect: acknowledge the dignity and freedom of every person Beneficence: maximize the benefits and minimize any harms associated with the effort Justice: ensure equitable election/recruitment and fair treatment of every person Source: The Belmont Report. Available at: http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/belmont.html#xbasic
  • 19. Additional Resources Program Planning Resources http://www.uwex.edu/ces/apps/programplanning/ Enhancing Program Performance with Logic Models http://www.uwex.edu/ces/lmcourse/ PD & E Web Site http://www.uwex.edu/ces/pdande/index.html American Evaluation Association http://www.eval.org/
  • 20. Questions? Thank you (c) 2014 UW System

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