Mikrotik Router OS Manual v 2 9

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Mikrotik Router OS Manual v 2 9

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Mikrotik Router OS Manual v 2 9

  1. 1. MikroTik RouterOS™ v2.9Reference Manual
  2. 2. Table Of ContentsDevice Driver List....................................................................................1General Information.................................................................................................................. 2Ethernet..................................................................................................................................... 2Wireless.....................................................................................................................................9Aironet Arlan...........................................................................................................................11RadioLAN............................................................................................................................... 12Synchronous Serial..................................................................................................................12Asynchronous Serial................................................................................................................12ISDN........................................................................................................................................13VoIP.........................................................................................................................................13xDSL....................................................................................................................................... 14HomePNA............................................................................................................................... 14LCD.........................................................................................................................................14PCMCIA Adapters.................................................................................................................. 14GPRS Cards.............................................................................................................................14License Management............................................................................16General Information................................................................................................................ 16License Management...............................................................................................................18Specifications Sheet............................................................................. 21General Information................................................................................................................ 21Basic Setup Guide................................................................................ 25General Information................................................................................................................ 25Setting up MikroTik RouterOS™............................................................................................26Logging into the MikroTik Router...........................................................................................29Adding Software Packages......................................................................................................30Navigating The Terminal Console........................................................................................... 30Basic Configuration Tasks...................................................................................................... 33Setup Command...................................................................................................................... 34Basic Examples....................................................................................................................... 35Advanced Configuration Tasks................................................................................................37Installing RouterOS with CD-Install........................................................40CD-Install................................................................................................................................40Installing RouterOS with Floppies..........................................................42Floppy Install...........................................................................................................................42Installing RouterOS with NetInstall........................................................ 43NetInstall................................................................................................................................. 43Configuration Management...................................................................46General Information................................................................................................................ 46System Backup........................................................................................................................47The Export Command............................................................................................................. 47The Import Command............................................................................................................. 48Configuration Reset.................................................................................................................49FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Server.......................................................50i
  3. 3. General Information................................................................................................................ 50File Transfer Protocol Server................................................................................................... 50MAC Level Access (Telnet and Winbox)................................................52General Information................................................................................................................ 52MAC Telnet Server................................................................................................................. 53MAC WinBox Server..............................................................................................................53Monitoring Active Session List................................................................................................54MAC Telnet Client..................................................................................................................54Serial Console and Terminal.................................................................55General Information................................................................................................................ 55Serial Console Configuration...................................................................................................56Configuring Console............................................................................................................... 56Using Serial Terminal............................................................................................................. 57Console Screen........................................................................................................................58Software Package Management........................................................... 59General Information................................................................................................................ 59Installation (Upgrade)..............................................................................................................60Uninstalling............................................................................................................................. 62Downgrading...........................................................................................................................62Disabling and Enabling........................................................................................................... 63System Upgrade...................................................................................................................... 64Adding Package Source...........................................................................................................65Software Package List.............................................................................................................66Software Version Management.............................................................69General Information................................................................................................................ 69System Upgrade...................................................................................................................... 69Adding Package Source...........................................................................................................71SSH (Secure Shell) Server and Client................................................... 72General Information................................................................................................................ 72SSH Server.............................................................................................................................. 73SSH Client...............................................................................................................................73Telnet Server and Client....................................................................... 75General Information................................................................................................................ 75Telnet Server........................................................................................................................... 75Telnet Client............................................................................................................................76Terminal Console.................................................................................. 77General Information................................................................................................................ 77Common Console Functions................................................................................................... 78Lists and Item Names..............................................................................................................79Quick Typing...........................................................................................................................80Additional Information............................................................................................................81General Commands.................................................................................................................81Safe Mode................................................................................................................................83Winbox................................................................................................. 85General Information................................................................................................................ 85Troubleshooting.......................................................................................................................86ii
  4. 4. IP Addresses and ARP......................................................................... 88General Information................................................................................................................ 88IP Addressing.......................................................................................................................... 89Address Resolution Protocol....................................................................................................90Proxy-ARP feature.................................................................................................................. 91Unnumbered Interfaces........................................................................................................... 92Troubleshooting.......................................................................................................................92OSPF................................................................................................... 94General Information................................................................................................................ 94General Setup.......................................................................................................................... 95Areas........................................................................................................................................97Networks................................................................................................................................. 98Interfaces................................................................................................................................. 99Virtual Links..........................................................................................................................100Neighbours............................................................................................................................ 100General Information.............................................................................................................. 101RIP..................................................................................................... 107General Information.............................................................................................................. 107General Setup........................................................................................................................ 108Interfaces............................................................................................................................... 109Networks............................................................................................................................... 110Neighbors.............................................................................................................................. 111Routes....................................................................................................................................111General Information.............................................................................................................. 112Routes, Equal Cost Multipath Routing, Policy Routing..........................115General Information.............................................................................................................. 115Routes....................................................................................................................................116General Information.............................................................................................................. 117General Interface Settings...................................................................120General Information.............................................................................................................. 120Interface Status......................................................................................................................120Traffic Monitoring.................................................................................................................121ARLAN 655 Wireless Client Card........................................................122General Information.............................................................................................................. 122Installation.............................................................................................................................122Wireless Interface Configuration........................................................................................... 123Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................124Interface Bonding................................................................................126General Information.............................................................................................................. 126General Information.............................................................................................................. 129Bridge.................................................................................................132General Information.............................................................................................................. 133Bridge Interface Setup...........................................................................................................134Port Settings.......................................................................................................................... 135Bridge Monitoring.................................................................................................................136Bridge Port Monitoring......................................................................................................... 136iii
  5. 5. Bridge Host Monitoring........................................................................................................ 137Bridge Firewall General Description..................................................................................... 138Bridge Packet Filter...............................................................................................................141Bridge NAT...........................................................................................................................142Bridge Brouting Facility........................................................................................................143Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................144CISCO/Aironet 2.4GHz 11Mbps Wireless Interface.............................145General Information.............................................................................................................. 145Wireless Interface Configuration........................................................................................... 146Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................149Application Examples........................................................................................................... 149Cyclades PC300 PCI Adapters............................................................154General Information.............................................................................................................. 154Synchronous Interface Configuration.................................................................................... 155Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................156RSV/V.35 Synchronous Link Applications........................................................................... 156Ethernet Interfaces..............................................................................159General Information.............................................................................................................. 159Ethernet Interface Configuration............................................................................................160Monitoring the Interface Status..............................................................................................161Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................161FarSync X.21 Interface........................................................................163General Information.............................................................................................................. 163Synchronous Interface Configuration.................................................................................... 164Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................165Synchronous Link Applications.............................................................................................165FrameRelay (PVC, Private Virtual Circuit) Interface..............................171General Information.............................................................................................................. 171Configuring Frame Relay Interface........................................................................................172Frame Relay Configuration...................................................................................................172Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................176GPRS PCMCIA...................................................................................177How to make a GPRS connection..........................................................................................177ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) Interface...........................179General Information.............................................................................................................. 179ISDN Hardware and Software Installation.............................................................................180ISDN Client Interface Configuration..................................................................................... 181ISDN Server Interface Configuration.....................................................................................182ISDN Examples.....................................................................................................................183LMC/SBEI Synchronous Interfaces..................................................... 187General Information.............................................................................................................. 187Synchronous Interface Configuration.................................................................................... 187General Information.............................................................................................................. 188M3P....................................................................................................190General Information.............................................................................................................. 190Setup......................................................................................................................................191iv
  6. 6. MOXA C101 Synchronous Interface....................................................193General Information.............................................................................................................. 193Synchronous Interface Configuration.................................................................................... 194Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................196Synchronous Link Application Examples..............................................................................196MOXA C502 Dual-port Synchronous Interface.....................................201General Information.............................................................................................................. 201Synchronous Interface Configuration.................................................................................... 202Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................203Synchronous Link Application Examples..............................................................................203PPP and Asynchronous Interfaces...................................................... 208General Information.............................................................................................................. 208Serial Port Configuration.......................................................................................................209PPP Server Setup...................................................................................................................210PPP Client Setup................................................................................................................... 211PPP Application Example..................................................................................................... 212RadioLAN 5.8GHz Wireless Interface..................................................214General Information.............................................................................................................. 214Wireless Interface Configuration........................................................................................... 215Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................217Wireless Network Applications..............................................................................................217Wireless Client and Wireless Access Point Manual............................. 219General Information.............................................................................................................. 221Wireless Interface Configuration........................................................................................... 223Nstreme Settings....................................................................................................................229Nstreme2 Group Settings...................................................................................................... 230Registration Table................................................................................................................. 233Connect List.......................................................................................................................... 234Access List............................................................................................................................ 235Info........................................................................................................................................ 236Virtual Access Point Interface................................................................................................239WDS Interface Configuration................................................................................................ 240Align......................................................................................................................................242Align Monitor........................................................................................................................243Frequency Monitor................................................................................................................243Manual Transmit Power Table..............................................................................................244Network Scan........................................................................................................................ 244Security Profiles.................................................................................................................... 245Sniffer....................................................................................................................................248Sniffer Sniff...........................................................................................................................248Sniffer Packets.......................................................................................................................249Snooper..................................................................................................................................250General Information.............................................................................................................. 250Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................261Xpeed SDSL Interface.........................................................................262General Information.............................................................................................................. 262Xpeed Interface Configuration...............................................................................................263v
  7. 7. Frame Relay Configuration Examples................................................................................... 264Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................265EoIP................................................................................................... 267General Information.............................................................................................................. 267EoIP Setup.............................................................................................................................268EoIP Application Example....................................................................................................269Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................271IP Security...........................................................................................272General Information.............................................................................................................. 272Policy Settings.......................................................................................................................275Peers...................................................................................................................................... 277Remote Peer Statistics...........................................................................................................278Installed SAs..........................................................................................................................279Flushing Installed SA Table...................................................................................................280Counters.................................................................................................................................281General Information.............................................................................................................. 282IPIP Tunnel Interfaces.........................................................................287General Information.............................................................................................................. 287IPIP Setup..............................................................................................................................288General Information.............................................................................................................. 289L2TP Interface.................................................................................... 291General Information.............................................................................................................. 291L2TP Client Setup.................................................................................................................293Monitoring L2TP Client........................................................................................................294L2TP Server Setup................................................................................................................ 294L2TP Server Users................................................................................................................ 295L2TP Application Examples................................................................................................. 296Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................300PPPoE............................................................................................... 302General Information.............................................................................................................. 302PPPoE Client Setup...............................................................................................................304Monitoring PPPoE Client......................................................................................................305PPPoE Server Setup (Access Concentrator).......................................................................... 306PPPoE Server Users.............................................................................................................. 307Application Examples........................................................................................................... 308Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................309PPTP..................................................................................................311General Information.............................................................................................................. 311PPTP Client Setup.................................................................................................................313Monitoring PPTP Client........................................................................................................314PPTP Server Setup................................................................................................................ 314PPTP Server Users................................................................................................................ 315PPTP Application Examples................................................................................................. 316Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................319VLAN................................................................................................. 320General Information.............................................................................................................. 320VLAN Setup..........................................................................................................................322vi
  8. 8. Application Example.............................................................................................................323Graphing............................................................................................ 324General Information.............................................................................................................. 324General Options.....................................................................................................................325Health Graphing.................................................................................................................... 325Interface Graphing.................................................................................................................326Simple Queue Graphing........................................................................................................326Resource Graphing................................................................................................................327HotSpot User AAA.............................................................................. 328General Information.............................................................................................................. 328HotSpot User Profiles............................................................................................................329HotSpot Users........................................................................................................................330HotSpot Active Users............................................................................................................332IP accounting......................................................................................334General Information.............................................................................................................. 334Local IP Traffic Accounting...................................................................................................335Local IP Traffic Accounting Table........................................................................................ 336Web Access to the Local IP Traffic Accounting Table..........................................................337PPP User AAA.................................................................................... 338General Information.............................................................................................................. 338Local PPP User Profiles........................................................................................................ 339Local PPP User Database......................................................................................................341Monitoring Active PPP Users................................................................................................ 342PPP User Remote AAA.........................................................................................................343RADIUS client..................................................................................... 344General Information.............................................................................................................. 344RADIUS Client Setup........................................................................................................... 345Suggested RADIUS Servers..................................................................................................346Supported RADIUS Attributes...............................................................................................347Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................352Router User AAA................................................................................354General Information.............................................................................................................. 354Router User Groups...............................................................................................................355Router Users..........................................................................................................................356Monitoring Active Router Users............................................................................................357Router User Remote AAA.................................................................................................... 358Traffic Flow......................................................................................... 359General Information.............................................................................................................. 359General Configuration...........................................................................................................360Traffic-Flow Target...............................................................................................................360General Information.............................................................................................................. 360Bandwidth Control............................................................................... 362General Information.............................................................................................................. 362Queue Types..........................................................................................................................367Interface Default Queues.......................................................................................................370Simple Queues.......................................................................................................................370vii
  9. 9. Queue Trees...........................................................................................................................371General Information.............................................................................................................. 372Filter................................................................................................... 376General Information.............................................................................................................. 376Firewall Filter........................................................................................................................377Filter Applications.................................................................................................................383Address Lists...................................................................................... 385General Information.............................................................................................................. 385Address Lists.........................................................................................................................385Mangle................................................................................................387General Information.............................................................................................................. 387Mangle...................................................................................................................................388General Information.............................................................................................................. 393NAT....................................................................................................395General Information.............................................................................................................. 395NAT.......................................................................................................................................396NAT Applications................................................................................................................. 401Packet Flow........................................................................................ 403General Information.............................................................................................................. 403Packet Flow...........................................................................................................................404Connection Tracking.............................................................................................................405Connection Timeouts............................................................................................................ 406General Firewall Information.................................................................................................407DHCP Client and Server..................................................................... 410General Information.............................................................................................................. 411DHCP Client Setup............................................................................................................... 412DHCP Server Setup...............................................................................................................414Store Leases on Disk.............................................................................................................416DHCP Networks....................................................................................................................416DHCP Server Leases.............................................................................................................417DHCP Alert...........................................................................................................................419DHCP Option........................................................................................................................ 420DHCP Relay..........................................................................................................................421Question&Answer-Based Setup.............................................................................................422General Information.............................................................................................................. 423DNS Client and Cache........................................................................ 426General Information.............................................................................................................. 426Client Configuration and Cache Setup...................................................................................427Cache Monitoring..................................................................................................................428Static DNS Entries.................................................................................................................428Flushing DNS cache..............................................................................................................428HotSpot Gateway............................................................................... 430General Information.............................................................................................................. 431Question&Answer-Based Setup.............................................................................................436HotSpot Interface Setup........................................................................................................ 437HotSpot Server Profiles.........................................................................................................438viii
  10. 10. HotSpot User Profiles............................................................................................................440HotSpot Users........................................................................................................................440HotSpot Active Users............................................................................................................440HotSpot Cookies................................................................................................................... 440HTTP-level Walled Garden...................................................................................................441IP-level Walled Garden.........................................................................................................442One-to-one NAT static address bindings............................................................................... 443Active Host List.....................................................................................................................444Service Port........................................................................................................................... 445Customizing HotSpot: Firewall Section.................................................................................445Customizing HotSpot: HTTP Servlet Pages.......................................................................... 447Possible Error Messages........................................................................................................454HotSpot How-tos..................................................................................................................455HTTP Proxy........................................................................................457General Information.............................................................................................................. 457Setup......................................................................................................................................458Access List............................................................................................................................ 459Direct Access List................................................................................................................. 460HTTP Methods......................................................................................................................461IP Pools.............................................................................................. 463General Information.............................................................................................................. 463Setup......................................................................................................................................464Used Addresses from Pool.................................................................................................... 464SOCKS Proxy Server.......................................................................... 466General Information.............................................................................................................. 466SOCKS Configuration...........................................................................................................467Access List............................................................................................................................ 468Active Connections............................................................................................................... 468General Information.............................................................................................................. 469UPnP..................................................................................................471General Information.............................................................................................................. 471Enabling Universal Plug-n-Play.............................................................................................472UPnP Interfaces.....................................................................................................................472Web Proxy..........................................................................................474General Information.............................................................................................................. 474Setup......................................................................................................................................476Access List............................................................................................................................ 477Direct Access List................................................................................................................. 479Cache Management...............................................................................................................480Complementary Tools...........................................................................................................480Transparent Mode..................................................................................................................481HTTP Methods......................................................................................................................481Certificate Management......................................................................484General Information.............................................................................................................. 484Certificates.............................................................................................................................485DDNS Update Tool............................................................................. 488General Information.............................................................................................................. 488ix
  11. 11. Dynamic DNS Update...........................................................................................................489GPS Synchronization..........................................................................490General Information.............................................................................................................. 490Synchronizing with a GPS Receiver...................................................................................... 491GPS Monitoring.................................................................................................................... 492LCD Management...............................................................................493General Information.............................................................................................................. 493Configuring the LCDs Settings............................................................................................. 495LCD Information Display Configuration...............................................................................496LCD Troubleshooting............................................................................................................497MNDP.................................................................................................498General Information.............................................................................................................. 498Setup......................................................................................................................................499Neighbour List.......................................................................................................................499NTP (Network Time Protocol)............................................................. 501General Information.............................................................................................................. 501Client..................................................................................................................................... 502Server.....................................................................................................................................503Time Zone............................................................................................................................. 503RouterBoard-specific functions........................................................... 505General Information.............................................................................................................. 505BIOS upgrading.....................................................................................................................506BIOS Configuration.............................................................................................................. 507System Health Monitoring.................................................................................................... 508LED Management or RB200.................................................................................................509LED Management on RB500................................................................................................510Fan voltage control................................................................................................................510Console Reset Jumper........................................................................................................... 511Support Output File............................................................................ 512General Information.............................................................................................................. 512Generating Support Output File............................................................................................. 512System Resource Management.......................................................... 513General Information.............................................................................................................. 514System Resource................................................................................................................... 514IRQ Usage Monitor...............................................................................................................515IO Port Usage Monitor..........................................................................................................515USB Port Information........................................................................................................... 516PCI Information.....................................................................................................................516Reboot................................................................................................................................... 517Shutdown...............................................................................................................................517Router Identity.......................................................................................................................518Date and Time....................................................................................................................... 518System Clock DST adjustment.............................................................................................. 519Configuration Change History............................................................................................... 519System Note.......................................................................................................................... 520Bandwidth Test................................................................................... 522x
  12. 12. General Information.............................................................................................................. 522Server Configuration.............................................................................................................523Client Configuration..............................................................................................................524ICMP Bandwidth Test......................................................................... 526General Information.............................................................................................................. 526ICMP Bandwidth Test...........................................................................................................526Packet Sniffer..................................................................................... 528General Information.............................................................................................................. 528Packet Sniffer Configuration..................................................................................................529Running Packet Sniffer......................................................................................................... 530Sniffed Packets......................................................................................................................531Packet Sniffer Protocols........................................................................................................532Packet Sniffer Host................................................................................................................534Packet Sniffer Connections.................................................................................................... 534Ping.................................................................................................... 536General Information.............................................................................................................. 536The Ping Command...............................................................................................................537MAC Ping Server..................................................................................................................538Torch (Realtime Traffic Monitor)..........................................................539General Information.............................................................................................................. 539The Torch Command.............................................................................................................539Traceroute...........................................................................................542General Information.............................................................................................................. 542The Traceroute Command.....................................................................................................543Network Monitor..................................................................................544General Information.............................................................................................................. 544Network Watching Tool........................................................................................................544Serial Port Monitor.............................................................................. 547General Information.............................................................................................................. 547Sigwatch................................................................................................................................547Scripting Host......................................................................................550General Information.............................................................................................................. 551Console Command Syntax....................................................................................................551Expression Grouping.............................................................................................................553Variables................................................................................................................................554Command Substitution and Return Values............................................................................ 554Operators............................................................................................................................... 555Data types..............................................................................................................................558Command Reference.............................................................................................................559Special Commands................................................................................................................564Additional Features............................................................................................................... 565Script Repository...................................................................................................................565Task Management................................................................................................................. 566Script Editor.......................................................................................................................... 567Scheduler...........................................................................................569General Information.............................................................................................................. 569xi
  13. 13. Scheduler Configuration........................................................................................................569Traffic Monitor..................................................................................... 572General Information.............................................................................................................. 572Traffic Monitor......................................................................................................................572IP Telephony.......................................................................................574General Information.............................................................................................................. 575General Voice port settings....................................................................................................577Voicetronix Voice Ports........................................................................................................578LineJack Voice Ports.............................................................................................................579PhoneJack Voice Ports..........................................................................................................581Zaptel Voice Ports.................................................................................................................583ISDN Voice Ports..................................................................................................................584Voice Port for Voice over IP (voip).......................................................................................586Numbers................................................................................................................................ 586Regional Settings...................................................................................................................589Audio CODECs.....................................................................................................................590AAA...................................................................................................................................... 590Gatekeeper.............................................................................................................................592Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................595A simple example..................................................................................................................595System Watchdog............................................................................... 603General Information.............................................................................................................. 603Hardware Watchdog Management.........................................................................................603UPS Monitor........................................................................................605General Information.............................................................................................................. 605UPS Monitor Setup............................................................................................................... 606Runtime Calibration.............................................................................................................. 607UPS Monitoring.................................................................................................................... 608VRRP................................................................................................. 610General Information.............................................................................................................. 610VRRP Routers.......................................................................................................................611Virtual IP addresses...............................................................................................................612A simple example of VRRP fail over.....................................................................................613xii
  14. 14. Device Driver ListDocument revision 3 (Thu Jul 14 18:27:43 GMT 2005)This document applies to MikroTik RouterOS V2.8Table of ContentsTable of ContentsSummaryEthernetSpecificationsDescriptionNotesWirelessSpecificationsDescriptionAironet ArlanSpecificationsDescriptionRadioLANSpecificationsDescriptionSynchronous SerialSpecificationsDescriptionAsynchronous SerialSpecificationsDescriptionISDNSpecificationsDescriptionVoIPSpecificationsDescriptionxDSLSpecificationsDescriptionHomePNASpecificationsDescriptionLCDSpecificationsDescriptionPCMCIA AdaptersSpecificationsDescriptionGPRS CardsSpecificationsPage 1 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  15. 15. DescriptionGeneral InformationSummaryThe document lists the drivers, included in MikroTik RouterOS and the devices that are tested towork with MikroTik RouterOS. If a device is not listed here, it does not mean the device is notsupported, it still may work. It just means that the device was not tested.EthernetPackages required: systemDescription3Com 509 SeriesChipset type: 3Com 509 Series ISA 10BaseCompatibility:• 3Com EtherLink III3Com FastEtherLinkChipset type: 3Com 3c590/3c900 (3Com FastEtherLink and FastEtherLink XL) PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• 3c590 Vortex 10BaseT• 3c592 chip• 3c595 Vortex 100BaseTX• 3c595 Vortex 100BaseT4• 3c595 Vortex 100Base-MII• 3c597 chip• 3Com Vortex• 3c900 Boomerang 10BaseT• 3c900 Boomerang 10Mbit/s Combo• 3c900 Cyclone 10Mbit/s Combo• 3c900B-FL Cyclone 10Base-FL• 3c905 Boomerang 100BaseTX• 3c905 Boomerang 100BaseT4• 3c905B Cyclone 100BaseTXPage 2 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  16. 16. • 3c905B Cyclone 10/100/BNC• 3c905B-FX Cyclone 100BaseFX• 3c905C Tornado• 3c980 Cyclone• 3cSOHO100-TX Hurricane• 3CSOHO100B-TX• 3c555 Laptop Hurricane• 3c575 Boomerang CardBus• 3CCFE575 Cyclone CardBus• 3CCFE656 Cyclone CardBus• 3c575 series CardBus• 3Com BoomerangADMtek PegasusChipset type: ADMtek Pegasus/Pegasus II USB 10/100BaseTCompatibility:• Planet 10/100Base-TX USB Ethernet Adapter UE-9500• Linksys Instant EtherFast 10/100 USB Network Adapter USB100TXAMD PCnetChipset type: AMD PCnet/PCnet II ISA/PCI 10BaseTCompatibility:• AMD PCnet-ISA• AMD PCnet-ISA II• AMD PCnet-PCI II• AMD 79C960 based cardsAMD PCnet32Chipset type: AMD PCnet32 PCI 10BaseT and 10/100BaseTCompatibility:• AMD PCnet-PCI• AMD PCnet-32• AMD PCnet-FastPage 3 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  17. 17. Broadcom Tigon3Chipset type: Broadcom Tigon3 PCI 10/100/1000BaseTCompatibility:• Broadcom Tigon3 570x• Broadcom Tigon3 5782• Broadcom Tigon3 5788• Broadcom Tigon3 5901• Broadcom Tigon3 5901-2• SysKonnect SK-9Dxx Gigabit Ethernet• SysKonnect SK-9Mxx Gigabit Ethernet• Altima AC100x• Altima AC9100Davicom DM9102Chipset type: Davicom DM9102 PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• Davicom DM9102• Davicom DM9102A• Davicom DM9102A+DM9801• Davicom DM9102A+DM9802DEC 21x4x TulipChipset type: DEC 21x4x "Tulip" PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• Digital DC21040 Tulip• Digital DC21041 Tulip• Digital DS21140 Tulip• 21140A chip• 21142 chip• Digital DS21143 Tulip• D-Link DFE 570TX 4-port• Lite-On 82c168 PNIC• Macronix 98713 PMACPage 4 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  18. 18. • Macronix 98715 PMAC• Macronix 98725 PMAC• ASIX AX88140• Lite-On LC82C115 PNIC-II• ADMtek AN981 Comet• Compex RL100-TX• Intel 21145 Tulip• IMC QuikNic FX• Conexant LANfinityIntel EtherExpressProChipset type: Intel i82557 "Speedo3" (Intel EtherExpressPro) PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• Intel i82557/i82558/i82559ER/i82801BA-7 EtherExpressPro PCI cardsIntel PRO/1000Chipset type: Intel i8254x (Intel PRO/1000) PCI 10/100/1000BaseCompatibility:• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000• Intel PRO/1000Marvell YukonGigabit Server Adapter (i82542, Board IDs: 700262-xxx, 717037-xxx) FServer Adapter (i82543, Board IDs: 738640-xxx, A38888-xxx)T Server Adapter (i82543, Board IDs: A19845-xxx, A33948-xxx) XTServer Adapter (i82544, Board IDs: A51580-xxx)XF Server Adapter (i82544, Board IDs: A50484-xxx)T Desktop Adapter (i82544, Board IDs: A62947-xxx)MT Desktop Adapter (i82540, Board IDs: A78408-xxx, C91016-xxx)MT Server Adapter (i82545, Board IDs: A92165-xxx, C31527-xxx)MT Dual Port Server Adapter (i82546, Board IDs: A92111-xxx, C29887-xxx)MT Quad Port Server Adapter (i82546, Board IDs: C32199-xxx)MF Server Adapter (i82545, Board IDs: A91622-xxx, C33915-xxx)MF Server Adapter (LX) (i82545, Board IDs: A91624-xxx, C33916-xxx) MFDual Port Server Adapter (i82546, Board IDs: A91620-xxx, C30848-xxx) GTDesktop Adapter (i82541PI)Page 5 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  19. 19. Chipset type: Marvell Yukon 88E80xx PCI 10/100/1000BaseCompatibility:• 3Com 3C940 Gigabit LOM Ethernet Adapter• 3Com 3C941 Gigabit LOM Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2970LX Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2970LX/2SC Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2970SX Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2970SX/2SC Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2970TX Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2970TX/2TX Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2971SX Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• Allied Telesyn AT-2971T Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• DGE-530T Gigabit Ethernet Adapter• EG1032 v2 Instant Gigabit Network Adapter• EG1064 v2 Instant Gigabit Network Adapter• Marvell 88E8001 Gigabit LOM Ethernet Adapter• Marvell RDK-80xx Adapter• Marvell Yukon Gigabit Ethernet 10/100/1000Base-T Adapter• N-Way PCI-Bus Giga-Card 1000/100/10Mbps(L)• SK-9521 10/100/1000Base-T Adapter• SK-98xx Gigabit Ethernet Server Adapter• SMC EZ Card 1000• Marvell Yukon 88E8010 based• Marvell Yukon 88E8003 based• Marvell Yukon 88E8001 basedNational Semiconductor DP83810Chipset type: National Semiconductor DP83810 PCI 10/100BaseTCompatibility:• RouterBoard 200 built-in Ethernet• RouterBoard 24 4-port Ethernet• NS DP8381x-based cardsNational Semiconductor DP83820Page 6 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  20. 20. Chipset type: National Semiconductor DP83820 PCI 10/100/1000BaseTCompatibility:• Planet ENW-9601T• NS DP8382x-based cardsNE2000 ISAChipset type: NE2000 ISA 10BaseCompatibility:• various ISA cardsNE2000 PCIChipset type: NE2000 PCI 10BaseCompatibility:• RealTek RTL-8029• Winbond 89C940 and 89C940F• Compex RL2000• KTI ET32P2• NetVin NV5000SC• Via 86C926• SureCom NE34• Holtek HT80232• Holtek HT80229• IMC EtherNic/PCI FONS8390Chipset type: NS8390 PCMCIA/CardBus 10BaseCompatibility:• D-Link DE-660 Ethernet• NE-2000 Compatible PCMCIA Ethernet• NS8390-based PCMCIA cardsRealTek RTL8129Chipset type: RealTek RTL8129 PCI 10/100BasePage 7 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  21. 21. Compatibility:• RealTek RTL8129 Fast Ethernet• RealTek RTL8139 Fast Ethernet• RTL8139A/B/C/D chip• RTL8130 chip• RTL8100B chip• SMC1211TX EZCard 10/100 (RealTek RTL8139)• Accton MPX5030 (RealTek RTL8139)• D-Link DFE 538TXRealTek RTL8169Chipset type: RealTek RTL8169 PCI 10/100/1000BaseCompatibility:• RealTek RTL8169 Gigabit Ethernet (not recommended: may lock up the router)Sundance ST201 AltaChipset type: Sundance ST201 "Alta" PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• D-Link DFE-550TX Fast Ethernet Adapter• D-Link DFE-550FX 100Mbps Fiber-optics Adapter• D-Link DFE-580TX 4-port Server Adapter (not recommended: may lock up the system)• D-Link DFE-530TXS Fast Ethernet Adapter• D-Link DL10050-based FAST Ethernet Adapter• Sundance ST201 "Alta" chip• Kendin KS8723 chipTI ThunderLANChipset type: TI ThunderLAN PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• Compaq Netelligent 10 T• Compaq Netelligent 10 T/2• Compaq Netelligent 10/100 TX• Compaq NetFlex-3/P• Olicom OC-2183Page 8 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  22. 22. • Olicom OC-2185• Olicom OC-2325• Olicom OC-2326VIA vt612x VelocityChipset type: VIA vt612x "Velocity" PCI 10/100/1000BaseCompatibility:• VIA VT6120• VIA VT6121• VIA VT6122VIA vt86c100 RhineChipset type: VIA vt86c100 "Rhine" PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• VIA Rhine (vt3043)• VIA Rhine II (vt3065 AKA vt86c100)• VIA VT86C100A Rhine• VIA VT6102 Rhine-II• VIA VT6105 Rhine-III• VIA VT6105M Rhine-III• RouterBOARD 44 4-port Fast Ethernet card• D-Link DFE 530TXWinbond w89c840Chipset type: Winbond w89c840 PCI 10/100BaseCompatibility:• Winbond W89c840• Compex RL100-ATXNotesFor ISA cards load the driver by specifying the I/O base address. IRQ is not required.WirelessPackages required: wirelessPage 9 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  23. 23. DescriptionAtherosChipset type: Atheros AR5001X PC/PCI 11/54Mbit/s IEEE802.11a/b/gCompatibility:• Intel 5000 series• Dlink DWL-A520• Dlink DWL-G650• Atheros AR5000 chipset series based IEEE802.11a (AR5210 MAC plus AR5110 PHY chips)cards• Atheros AR5001A chipset series based IEEE802.11a (AR5211 MAC plus AR5111 PHYchips) cards• Atheros AR5001X chipset series based IEEE802.11a (AR5211 MAC plus AR5111 PHYchips), IEEE802.11b/g (AR5211 MAC plus AR2111 PHY chips), IEEE802.11a/b/g (AR5211MAC plus AR5111 and 2111 PHY chips) cards• Atheros AR5001X+ chipset series based IEEE802.11a (AR5212 MAC plus AR5111 PHYchips), IEEE802.11b/g (AR5212 MAC plus AR2111 PHY chips), IEEE802.11a/b/g (AR5212MAC plus AR5111 and 2111 PHY chips) cards• Atheros AR5002X+ chipset series based IEEE802.11b/g (AR5212 MAC plus AR2112 PHYchips), IEEE802.11a/b/g (AR5212 MAC plus AR5112 PHY chips) cards• Atheros AR5004X+ chipset series based IEEE802.11b/g (AR5213 MAC plus AR2112 PHYchips), IEEE802.11a/b/g (AR5213 MAC plus AR5112 PHY chips) cards• Atheros AR5006X chipset series based IEEE802.11a/b/g (AR5413/AR5414 single-chipdevices) cardsCisco/AironetChipset type: Cisco/Aironet ISA/PCI/PC 11Mbit/s IEEE802.11bCompatibility:• Aironet ISA/PCI/PC4800 2.4GHz DS 11Mbit/s Wireless LAN Adapters (100mW)• Aironet ISA/PCI/PC4500 2.4GHz DS 2Mbit/s Wireless LAN Adapters (100mW)• CISCO AIR-PCI340 2.4GHz DS 11Mbit/s Wireless LAN Adapters (30mW)• CISCO AIR-PCI/PC350/352 2.4GHz DS 11Mbit/s Wireless LAN Adapters (100mW)Intersil Prism IIChipset type: Intersil Prism II PC/PCI 11Mbit/s IEEE802.11bCompatibility:Page 10 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  24. 24. • Intersil PRISM2 Reference Design 11Mbit/s IEEE802.11b WLAN Card• GemTek WL-211 Wireless LAN PC Card• Compaq iPaq HNW-100 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• Samsung SWL2000-N 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• Z-Com XI300 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• ZoomAir 4100 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• Linksys WPC11 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• Addtron AWP-100 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• D-Link DWL-650 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• SMC 2632W 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• BroMax Freeport 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• Intersil PRISM2 Reference Design 11Mbit/s WLAN Card• Bromax OEM 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card (Prism 2.5)• corega K.K. Wireless LAN PCC-11• corega K.K. Wireless LAN PCCA-11• CONTEC FLEXSCAN/FX-DDS110-PCC• PLANEX GeoWave/GW-NS110• Ambicom WL1100 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• LeArtery SYNCBYAIR 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• Intermec MobileLAN 11Mbit/s 802.11b WLAN Card• NETGEAR MA401 11Mbit/s 802.11 WLAN Card• Intersil PRISM Freedom 11Mbit/s 802.11 WLAN Card• OTC Wireless AirEZY 2411-PCC 11Mbit/s 802.11 WLAN Card• Z-Com XI-325HP PCMCIA 200mW Card• Z-Com XI-626 Wireless PCI CardNote If planned to use WEP with Prism cards see link for more information: Wireless SecurityWaveLAN/ORiNOCOChipset type: Lucent/Agere/Proxim WaveLAN/ORiNOCO ISA/PC 11Mbit/s IEEE802.11bCompatibility:• WaveLAN Bronze/Gold/Silver ISA/PCMCIAAironet ArlanPackages required: arlanPage 11 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  25. 25. DescriptionThis is driver for legacy Aironet Arlan cards, not for newer Cisco/Aironet cards.Chipset type: Aironet Arlan IC2200 ISA 2Mbit/s 2.4GHzCompatibility:• Aironet Arlan 655RadioLANPackages required: radiolanDescriptionThis is driver for legacy RadioLAN cards.Chipset type: RadioLAN ISA/PC 10Mbit/s 5.8GHzCompatibility:• RadioLAN ISA card (Model 101)• RadioLAN PCMCIA cardSynchronous SerialPackages required: synchronousDescription• Moxa C101 ISA and PCI V.35 (4 Mbit/s)• Moxa C502 PCI 2-port V.35 (8 Mbit/s)• Cyclades PCI PC-300 V.35 (5 Mbit/s)• Cyclades PCI PC-300 E1/T1• FarSync PCI V.35/X.21 (8.448 Mbit/s)• LMC/SBEI wanPCI-1T1E1 PCI T1/E1 (also known as DS1 or LMC1200P, 1.544 Mbit/s or2.048 Mbit/s)• LMC/SBEI wanPCI-1T3 PCI T3 (also known as DS3, 44.736Mbit/s)• Sangoma S5141 (dual-port) and S5142 (quad-port) PCI RS232/V.35/X.21 (4Mbit/s - primaryport and 512Kbit/s - secondary ones)• Sangoma S5148 (single-port) and S5147 (dual-port) PCI E1/T1Asynchronous SerialPackages required: systemPage 12 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  26. 26. Description• Standard Communication Ports Com1 and Com2• Moxa Smartio C104H/PCI, CP-114, CT-114, CP-132, C168H, CP-168H, and CP-168U PCI2/4/8 port up to 4 cards (up to 32 ports)• Cyclades Cyclom-Y and Cyclades-Z Series PCI cards up to 64 ports per card, up to 4 cards (upto 256 ports)• TCL DataBooster 4 or 8 PCI 4/8 port cards• Sangoma S514/56 PCI 56 or 64Kbit/s DDS DSU with secondary 128Kbit/s RS232 port (Note:this card is not for modem pools or serial terminals)ISDNPackages required: isdnDescriptionPCI ISDN cards:• Eicon.Diehl Diva PCI• Sedlbauer Speed Card PCI• ELSA Quickstep 1000PCI• Traverse Technologie NETjet PCI S0 card• Teles PCI• Dr. Neuhaus Niccy PCI• AVM Fritz PCI• Gazel PCI ISDN cards• HFC-2BS0 based PCI cards (TeleInt SA1)• Winbond W6692 based PCI cardsVoIPPackages required: telephonyDescriptionH.323 Protocol VoIP Analog Gateways• QuickNet LineJack ISA• QuickNet PhoneJack ISA• Voicetronix V4PCI - 4 analog telephone lines cards• Zaptel X.100P IP telephony card (1 analog line)Page 13 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  27. 27. xDSLPackages required: synchronousDescriptionXpeed 300 SDSL cards (up to 6.7km twisted pair wire connection, max 2.3Mbit/s)HomePNAPackages required: systemDescriptionLinksys HomeLink PhoneLine Network Card (up to 10Mbit/s home network over telephone line)LCDPackages required: lcdDescription• Crystalfontz Intelligent Serial LCD Module 632 (16x2 characters) and 634 (20x4 characters)• Powertip Character LCD Module PC1602 (16x2 characters), PC1604 (16x4 characters),PC2002 (20x2 characters), PC2004 (20x4 characters), PC2402 (24x2 characters) and PC2404(24x4 characters)PCMCIA AdaptersPackages required: systemDescription• Vadem VG-469 PCMCIA-ISA adapter (one or two PCMCIA ports)• RICOH PCMCIA-PCI Bridge with R5C475 II or RC476 II chip (one or two PCMCIA ports)• CISCO/Aironet PCMCIA adapter (ISA and PCI versions) for CISCO/Aironet PCMCIA cardsonlyGPRS CardsPackages required: wirelessDescription• NWH 1600 GPRS Modem (Benq M32 chip)For more information, see interface list.Page 14 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  28. 28. Page 15 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  29. 29. License ManagementDocument revision 3.1 (Thu Mar 03 11:06:06 GMT 2005)This document applies to MikroTik RouterOS V2.8Table of ContentsTable of ContentsGeneral InformationSummarySpecificationsDescriptionLicense ManagementDescriptionProperty DescriptionCommand DescriptionGeneral InformationSummaryMikroTik RouterOS software has a licensing system with Software License (Software Key) issued foreach individual installation of the RouterOS.SpecificationsPackages required: systemLicense required: level1Home menu level: /system licenseHardware usage: Not significantDescriptionThe Software License can be obtained through the Account Server at www.mikrotik.com after theMikroTik RouterOS has been installed. The Software ID of the installation is required whenobtaining the Software License. Please read the MikroTik RouterOS Basic Setup Guide for detailedexplanation of the installation and licensing process.RouterOS allows you to use all its features without registration for about 24 hours from the first run.Note that if you shut the router down, the countdown is paused, and it is resumed only when therouter is started again. During this period you must get a key, otherwise you will need to reinstallthe system. A purchased license key allows you to use RouterOS features according to the chosenlicense level for unlimited time, and gives you rights to freely upgrade and downgrade its versions forthe term of one year since the key was purchased. A free registred license key (referred as a SOHO keyfurther on) allows you to use a restricted set of functions for unlimited period of time, but does notallows upgrading and downgrading versions.There are 6 licensing levels, each providing some additional features. Level 0 means that there is nokey and all the features are enabled for one day. Level 2 is a transitional license level from versionsPage 16 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  30. 30. prior 2.8, that allows to use all the features were allowed by your original license key for a previusversion.Level number 1 (SOHO) 3 (ISP) 4 (WISP) 5 (WISP AP) 6 (Controller)WirelessClient and - - yes yes yesBridgeWireless AP - - - yes yesSynchronousinterfaces - - yes yes yesEoIP tunnels 1 unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimitedPPPoEtunnels 1 200 200 500 unlimitedPPTP tunnels 1 200 200 unlimited unlimitedL2TP tunnels 1 200 200 unlimited unlimitedVLANinterfacesP2P firewallrules11unlimited unlimitedunlimited unlimitedunlimited unlimitedunlimited unlimitedNAT rules 1 unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimitedHotSpotactive usersRADIUSclient1-1 200yes yes500 unlimitedyes yesQueues 1 unlimited unlimited unlimited unlimitedWeb proxy - yes yes yes yesRIP, OSPF,BGP - yes yes yes yesprotocolsconfigurationUpgrade erased on yes yes yes yesupgradeNote that Wireless Client and Bridge means that wireless cards can be used in station and bridge modes.Bridge mode allows one wireless station to connect it.There is a possibility to upgrade your key (i.e. to extend licensing term) from the console orWinBox.Note that the license is kept on hard drive. You can move the hard drive to another system, but you cannot move license on another hard drive. License transfer to another drive is a paid service (unlessyour hard drive has crashed). Please contact support@mikrotik.com to arrange this. Also note thatyou must not use MS-DOS format or fdisk utilities or you may loose the license.Page 17 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  31. 31. Important: the abovementioned limits depict the limits enforced by the license. The actual number ofconcurrent tunnels, rules, queues, users, etc. will vary depending the combination of features usedand the load they place on the MikroTik RouterOS.License ManagementHome menu level: /system licenseDescriptionThere are three methods of entering a key to the system console:• import a file that should be sent to you after you will require a key (you should upload this fileto the routers FTP server)• simply copy the received key as a text and paste (or type) in to the routers console (no matterin which submenu)These methods also apply to WinBox, with the difference that key importing and exporting ishappening through the Windows host PC itself. The options available:• Paste Key - get a new license from the Windows Clipboard• Import Key - get a new license from a file stored locally on the Windows PC• Export Key - save the existing license as a file on the Windows PC• Upgrade/Get New Key - the same as new-upgrade-key command in system console• Update Key - the same as update-key command in system consoleProperty Descriptionkey (read-only: text) - software license key that unlocks the installation level(read-only: integer: 0..6) - license level of the installationsoftware-id (read-only: text) - ID number of the installationupgradable-until (read-only: text) - the date until which the software version can be upgraded ordowngradedCommand Descriptionimport - import a key file (name) - file name to use as a keynew-upgrade-key - request a new key (IP address) - key servers IP address (text) - username tolog into the key server (text) - password to log into the key server (integer: 2..6) - license level torequest (credit-card | credit-keys | credit-money | debit-keys | debit-money) - Payment method to use(text; default: "") - script to execute while the command is running (time; default: 1s) - howfrequently to execute the given script - if specified, executes the sctipt once, and then terminates thecommand - commands execution status• Resolving www.mikrotik.com - resolving DNS name• Failed to resolve www.mikrotik.com, check your dns settings - check whether DNS client isset up on the router, and that it is allowed to resolve a DNS name on the DNS server set• Failed to connect, probably no IP address - self-explanatoryPage 18 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  32. 32. • Failed to connect, is your router public? - check whether the router has a default route and is able toreack the key server• Connecion failed - connection has timed out• Bad response from server - try again• ERROR: You dont have appropriate debit key! - no existing debit keys on your account matchesthe requested one• ERROR: You dont have enought debit money! - self-explanatory• ERROR: Credit key limit exceeded! - self-explanatory• ERROR: Your credit limit is exceeded! - self-explanatory• ERROR: This payment method is not more allowed! Go to www.mikrotik.com, log on andpurchase key there or use other payment methods. - you can not use the selected payment methodfrom the router anymore due to system changes (for credit cards now)• ERROR: You must enable this feature in account server (change user information section)! -you should enable Allow to use my account in netinstall feature on the accout server (in change userinformation section• ERROR: Incorrect username or password! - self-explanatory• ERROR: You are not allowed to use this service! - please contact sales@mikrotik.com for furtherassistance• Key upgraded successfully - the upgrade procedure has been completed successfully output- exports the current key to a key fileupdate-key - request a free update of your existing key to the versions 2.9 one (this can be doneduring your existing key upgrade term) (IP address) - key servers IP address (text) - username tolog into the key server (text) - password to log into the key server (text; default: "") - script toexecute while the command is running (time; default: 1s) - how frequently to execute the givenscript - if specified, executes the sctipt once, and then terminates the command - commandsexecution status• Resolving www.mikrotik.com - resolving DNS name• Failed to resolve www.mikrotik.com, check your dns settings - check whether DNS client isset up on the router, and that it is allowed to resolve a DNS name on the DNS server set• Failed to connect, probably no IP address - self-explanatory• Failed to connect, is your router public? - check whether the router has a default route and is able toreack the key server• Connecion failed - connection has timed out• Bad response from server - try again• ERROR: You must enable this feature in account server (change user information section)! -you should enable Allow to use my account in netinstall feature on the accout server (in change userinformation section• ERROR: Incorrect username or password! - self-explanatory• ERROR: Someone has already converted this key! - the requested software ID has already beenconverted to 2.9 version• ERROR: Key for specified software ID is expired. You can purchase new key atwww.mikrotik.com website! - you may not update an expired key to the version 2.9, you mustpurchase a new onePage 19 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.
  33. 33. • ERROR: You are not allowed to use this service! - please contact sales@mikrotik.com for furtherassistance• Key upgraded successfully - the upgrade procedure has been completed successfullyPage 20 of 615Copyright 1999-2005, MikroTik. All rights reserved. Mikrotik, RouterOS and RouterBOARD are trademarks of Mikrotikls SIA.Other trademarks and registred trademarks mentioned herein are properties of their respective owners.

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