Patient empowerment in the European RegionPresentation Transcript
Patient empowerment in the European Region A call for joint action Zsuzsanna Jakab WHO Regional Director for Europe First European Conference on Patient Empowerment Copenhagen, Denmark, 11–12 April 2012
Gradient: tackle the health divide 80 Life expectancy at birth, in yearsAddress the socialdeterminants of healthRedress patterns of 75health inequities European Region EU members before M 2004 ay EU members since M 2004 ayEnsure that continual CISreduction of healthinequities becomes a 70criterion for assessing theperformance of healthsystems 65 1970 1980 1990 2000
Gap: tackle Europe’s major disease burdenImplement global and regional mandates: 140noncommunicable diseases, tobacco, diet and 120physical activity, alcohol, HIV, TB, International 100Health Regulations, antibiotic resistance, etc. 80 Standardized death rate, 0-64 per 100,000Promote healthy choices 60 Cause Heart disease Cancer Injuries and violence 40Strengthen health systems, including Infectious diseases Mental disordersprimary health care, health information and 20surveillance 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Year 100%Reach and maintain recommended 90% 80%immunization coverage 70% 60% 50%Develop healthy settings and Deaths 40% 30%environments 20% 10%Give attention to special needs and 0% European Region EU-15 Country groups EU-12 CISdisadvantaged populations Circulatory system Infectious disease Malignant neoplasms Respiratory system External causes Other causes
Health literacy in eight European countries • 47% of the people surveyed across eight European countries have limited health literacy • The lower the health literacy in a country, the poorer the health of its citizens
Health 2020 Health 2020 is a value-based action-oriented policy framework that can be adapted to the different realities in the countries in the WHO European Region
Health 2020 vision A WHO European Region in which all people are enabled and supported in achieving their full health potential and well-being and in which countries, individually and jointly, work towards reducing inequities in health within the Region and beyond Health 2020 goals To improve the health and well- being of populations, to reduce health inequities and to ensure sustainable people-centred health systems
New European policy for Health – Health 2020:increasing citizen and patient participationProvide structures and resources that empower the people ofthe European Region:• to make use of their own assets• to be active participants in shaping health policy• to respond to the health challenges by improving health literacy• to ensure their voice in patient-centred health systems• to participate fully in community and family life.
Empowerment strategies and areas ofaction1. Healthy public policy, political participation and protection of rights2. Health literacy and disease self-management3. High-quality care and accountability of services4. Empowering communities
Improving health literacy and diseaseself-management • Information is power • Accessible and appropriate information and education about healthy living and risk factors • Promoting health literacy among individual people and strengthening community action
High-quality care and accountability ofservices • Access to general and specialized services, including for marginalized groups • Rights-based and person-centred treatment, relationships based on respect and trust • Patient safety and rights • Accountability of service providers
Community empowerment • Everybody can help to remove barriers! • Health promotion in schools • Housing and employment opportunities • Disease prevention and disease self- management at workplaces • Anti-stigma programmes • Supporting family caregivers
Patient empowerment programmes at the WHORegional Office for Europe • Noncommunicable diseases and health promotion • Mental health • Patient safety
Joint action for patient empowerment in theEuropean Region THANK YOU!