Body Organization Terminology

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Florida State College of Jacksonville, HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals. Unit 2 - Body Organization

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Body Organization Terminology

  1. 1. Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  2. 2. You won’t learn the material by just attending class and listening Average Student Retention Rate 90% of what you learn when you teach someone else/use immediately. 75% of what you learn when you practice what you learned. 50% of what you learn when engaged in a group discussion. 30% of what you learn when you see a demonstration. 20% of what you learn from audio-visual. 10% of what you learn when youve learned from reading. 5% of what you learn when youve learned from a lecture. Involve as many senses as possible in your studying!!!Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  3. 3. Body Organization Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals HSC 1531 Instructor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L Florida State College of JacksonvilleFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  4. 4. Body Organization New Combining Forms abdomin/o cephal/o abdomen head adip/o cervic/o fat neck anter/o chondr/o front cartilage brachi/o crani/o Arm skull caud/o tailFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  5. 5. Body Organization New Combining Forms crur/o glute/o leg buttock cyt/o hist/o cell tissue dist/o infer/o away from below dors/o later/o back of body side epitheli/o epitheliumFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  6. 6. Body Organization New Combining Forms medi/o pelv/o middle pelvis muscul/o peritone/o muscle peritoneum neur/o pleur/o nerve pleura organ/o poster/o organ back oste/o proxim/o bone near toFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  7. 7. Body Organization New Combining Forms pub/o genital thorac/o region chest somat/o ventr/o body belly spin/o vertebr/o spine vertebra super/o viscer/o above internal organ system/o systemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  8. 8. Levels of Body Organization  Cells form tissues  Tissues form organs  Organs form systems  Systems form whole bodyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  9. 9. Levels of Body Organization Which of the following is the correct order for the organization of the body?  tissue to cells to organ to system to whole body  cells to tissue to system to organ to whole body  cells to tissue to organ to system to whole body  cells to organ to system to tissue to whole bodyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  10. 10. Levels of Body Organization Organs come together to form _____ b. Tissue c. Cells d. Whole body e. SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  11. 11. Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  12. 12. Cells  Cytology – study of cells and their function  Fundamental unit of life  Has all properties of being alive  Responds to stimuli  Engages in metabolic activity  Reproduces itself  All tissues and organs in body formed of cellsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  13. 13. Cells  Individual cells perform functions for body  Reproduction  Hormone secretion  Energy production  Excretion  Special cells carry out very specific functions  Muscle contraction  Electrical impulse transmissionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  14. 14. Cells  Cells come in different sizes and shapes  But all cells have  Cell membrane  Outermost boundary  Cytoplasm  Watery internal environment  Nucleus  Contains DNAFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  15. 15. Illustrations of different cell typesFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  16. 16. Tissues  Histology – the study of tissue  Formed when like cells are grouped together to perform an activity  Four types of tissue  Muscle tissue  Epithelial tissue  Connective tissue  Nervous tissueFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  17. 17. Figure 2.2 – This figure shows the appearance of different types of tissues and their location within the body.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  18. 18. Muscle Tissue  Produces movement in body by contracting  Composed of individual muscle cells called muscle fibers  Three basic types of muscles  Skeletal muscle – attached to bones  Smooth muscle – internal organs like intestine and uterus Four types of tissue  Muscle tissue  Cardiac muscle – only in the heart Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Nervous tissueFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  19. 19. Epithelial Tissue  Known as epithelium  Found as lining for internal organs and covering for the skin  Close-packed cells that function to  Form a protective barrier – skin  Absorb – lining of intestine Four types of tissue  Secrete – sweat glands Muscle tissue  Excrete wastes – kidney tubules Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Nervous tissueFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  20. 20. Connective Tissue  Supports and protects  Function depends on location  Many different forms  Adipose  Bone  Cartilage Four types of tissue  Tendons Muscle tissue Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Nervous tissueFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  21. 21. Nervous Tissue  Composed of cells called neurons  Forms the brain, spinal cord, and nerves  Allows for conduction of electrical impulses between brain and rest of the body Four types of tissue Muscle tissue Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Nervous tissueFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  22. 22. Tissues Which type of tissue is designed to conduct electrical impulses? Which type of tissue is designed to produce body movement? The heart is composed of what tissue type? The intestines are composed of what type of muscle tissue? The skin is composed of what tissue type?Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  23. 23. Organs  Composed of several types of tissue  Work together as a unit  Perform special functions  Example: stomach contains  Muscle fibers  Nerve tissues  Epithelial tissueFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  24. 24. Organs What do organs come together to form ? s em st Sy y od BFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  25. 25. Systems  Composed of several organs working together in coordinated manner  Perform complex functions Example: stomach plus other digestive organs including mouth, esophagus, liver, pancreas, small intestines, and colon work together to break down, digest, and absorb foodFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  26. 26. Integumentary System  Two-way barrier and temperature regulation  Organs  Skin  Hair  Nails  Sweat glands  Sebaceous glandsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  27. 27. Musculoskeletal System – Skeleton  Supports and protects body, forms blood cells, stores minerals  Organs  Bones  JointsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  28. 28. Musculoskeletal System – Muscles  Produce movement  Organs  MusclesFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  29. 29. Cardiovascular System  Pumps blood to transport nutrients, oxygen, and wastes  Organs  Heart  Arteries  VeinsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  30. 30. Cardiovascular SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  31. 31. Blood (Hematic System)  Transports oxygen, protects, and controls bleeding  Components  Plasma  Erythrocytes  Leukocytes  PlateletsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  32. 32. Lymphatic System  Protects body  Organs  Lymph nodes  Lymphatic vessels  Spleen  Thymus gland  TonsilsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  33. 33. Lymphatic SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  34. 34. Respiratory System  Obtains oxygen and removes carbon dioxide  Organs  Nasal cavity  Pharynx  Larynx  Trachea  Bronchial tubes  LungsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  35. 35. Respiratory SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  36. 36. Gastrointestinal System  Ingest, digest, and absorb nutrients  Organs  Oral cavity  Pharynx  Esophagus  Stomach  Small intestine  Colon  Liver & gallbladder  PancreasFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  37. 37. Digestive SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  38. 38. Urinary System  Filters waste and removes from body  Organs  Kidneys  Ureters  Urinary bladder  UrethraFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  39. 39. Urinary SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  40. 40. Female Reproductive System  Produces eggs and provides place for baby  Organs  Ovaries  Fallopian tubes  Uterus  Vagina  Vulva  BreastFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  41. 41. Female Reproductive SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  42. 42. Male Reproductive System  Produces sperm  Organs  Testes  Epididymis  Vas deferens  Penis  Seminal vesicles  Prostate glans  Bulbourethral glandsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  43. 43. Male ReproductiveFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  44. 44. Endocrine System  Regulates metabolic activity  Organs  Pituitary gland  Pineal gland  Thyroid gland  Parathyroid glands  Thymus gland  Pancreas  Adrenal glands  Ovaries & testesFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  45. 45. Endocrine SystemFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  46. 46. Nervous System  Receives sensory information and coordinates response  Organs  Brain  Spinal cord  NervesFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  47. 47. Nervous System AnimationFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  48. 48. Special Senses – Eye  Vision  Organs  EyesFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  49. 49. Eye AnatomyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  50. 50. Special Senses – Ear  Hearing and balance  Organs  EarsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  51. 51. Ear AnatomyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  52. 52. Medical Specialties by System  Integumentary - Dermatology  Musculoskeletal - Orthopedics, Orthopedic Surgery  Endocrine - Endocrinology  Cardiovascular - Cardiology  Blood - Hematology  Lymphatic - Immunology  Respiratory - Otorhinolaryngology, Pulmonology, Thoracic SurgeryFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  53. 53. Medical Specialties by System  Digestive Gastroenterology, Proctology  Urinary Urology  Female Reproductive Gynecology, Obstetrics  Male Reproductive Urology  Nervous Neurology, Neurosurgery  Eye Ophthalmology  Ear OtorhinolaryngologyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  54. 54. Anatomical Position  Used when describing positions & relationships of structures in body  Assume person is in anatomical position even if body or parts of the body are in other positionsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  55. 55. Anatomical Position  Standing erect  Arms at side of body  Palms facing forward  Eyes straight forward  Legs are parallel  Feet and toes pointing forwardFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  56. 56. Figure 2.3 – The anatomical position: standing erect, arms down at sides, palms facing forward, fingers extended, eyes looking straight ahead, legs together, and toes pointing forward.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  57. 57. Body Planes  Used to assist in describing the body and its parts  Three planes:  Sagittal plane  Frontal plane  Transverse planeFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  58. 58. Sagittal Plane  Also called median plane  Vertical plane  Runs lengthwise from front to back  Divides body into left and right portions  Cut along sagittal plane yields a sagittal sectionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  59. 59. Frontal Plane  Also called coronal plane  Vertical plane  Runs lengthwise from side to side  Divides body into front and back positions  Cut along frontal plane yields a frontal section or coronal sectionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  60. 60. Transverse Plane  Also called horizontal plane  Crosswise plane that runs parallel to the ground  Divides body into upper and lower portions  Cut along transverse plane yields a transverse sectionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  61. 61. Figure 2.4 – The planes of the body: sagittal plane, frontal plane, and transverse plane.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  62. 62. Additional Sections  Cross-section  Longitudinal sectionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  63. 63. Additional Sections  Cross-section  Produced by slice perpendicular to long axis of structure  Longitudinal section  Produced by lengthwise slice along long axis of structureFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  64. 64. Body Regions  Cephalic – head  Cervical – neck  Brachial – arm  Crural – legFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  65. 65. Regions of the Trunk (torso)  Anterior trunk  Thoracic – chest  Abdominal  Pelvic  Pubic – genitals  Posterior trunk  Dorsum – back  Vertebral  Gluteal – buttocksFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  66. 66. Figure 2.5 – Anterior and posterior regions of the body.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  67. 67. Body Cavities  Body is not solid structure; has many open spaces or cavities  Two dorsal cavities  Cranial cavity  Spinal cavity  Two ventral cavities  Thoracic cavity  Abdominopelvic cavityFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  68. 68. Dorsal Cavities  Cranial cavity  Contains brain  Spinal cavity  Contains spinal cordFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  69. 69. Body Cavities  Body is not solid structure; has many open spaces or cavities  Two dorsal cavities  Cranial cavity  Spinal cavity  Two ventral cavities  Thoracic cavity  Abdominopelvic cavityFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  70. 70. Thoracic Cavity (Ventral)  Contains  Two lungs  Central mediastinum  Mediastinum contains  Heart  Aorta  Esophagus  Trachea  Thymus glandFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  71. 71. Body Cavities (Ventral)  Body is not solid structure; has many open spaces or cavities  Two dorsal cavities  Cranial cavity  Spinal cavity  Two ventral cavities  Thoracic cavity  Abdominopelvic cavityFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  72. 72. Abdominopelvic Cavity  Separated from thoracic cavity by diaphragm  Superior abdominal cavity and Inferior pelvic cavity  Contain digestive, excretory, and reproductive organsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  73. 73. Figure 2.6 – The dorsal (red) and ventral (blue) body cavities.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  74. 74. Body Cavity Exercise Click here to view an interactive exercise on body cavity terminology.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  75. 75. Viscera Encased in Sac  Double layered membranous sac  Parietal layer – outer layer that lines cavities  Visceral layer – inner layer that contacts viscera  Called pleura in thoracic cavity  Called peritoneum in abdominopelvic cavityFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  76. 76. Subdivisions of Pleura  Pleural cavity  Contains the lungs  Pericardial cavity  Contains the heartFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  77. 77. Divisions of the Abdomen Anatomical Divisions Clinical DivisionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  78. 78. Anatomical Divisions of the Abdomen  Upper row:  Right and left hypochondriac regions  Center epigastric region  Middle row:  Right and left lumbar regions  Center umbilical region  Lower row:  Right and left iliac regions  Center hypogastric regionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  79. 79. Table 2.3, Figure A – The anatomical divisions of the abdomen.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  80. 80. Clinical Divisions of Abdomen  Right upper  Right lower quadrant (RUQ) quadrant (RLQ)  Majority of liver  Small intestine  Gallbladder  Colon  Small portion of  Right ovary pancreas  Right fallopian tube  Small intestine  Appendix  Colon  Right ureterFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  81. 81. Clinical Divisions of Abdomen  Left upper  Left lower quadrant (LUQ) quadrant (LLQ)  Small portion of liver  Small intestine  Spleen  Colon  Stomach  Left ovary  Majority of pancreas  Left fallopian tube  Small intestine  Left ureter  ColonFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  82. 82. Table 2.3, Figure B – The clinical divisions of the abdomen.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  83. 83. Divisions of the Abdomen Anatomical Divisions Clinical DivisionFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  84. 84. Directional Terms  Assist medical personnel in position or location of patient’s complaint  Help to describe one process, organ, or system as it relates to another  They are listed in pairs that have opposite meanings in following tableFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  85. 85. Directional Terms  Superior or cephalic  More towards head  Inferior or caudal  More towards feet  Anterior or ventral  More towards front or belly-side of body  Posterior or dorsal  More towards back or spinal cord side of bodyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  86. 86. Directional Terms  Medial  More towards middle  Lateral  More towards side  Proximal  Nearer to the point of attachment to body  Distal  Farther away from point of attachment to bodyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  87. 87. Figure 2.7 – Anterior and lateral views of the body illustrating directional terms.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  88. 88. Directional Terms  Apex  Tip or summit of organ  Base  Bottom or lower part of an organ  Superficial  More towards surface of body  Deep  Further away from surface of bodyFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  89. 89. Supine  Supine – lying horizontally facing upward Figure 2.8A – The supine position.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  90. 90. Prone  Prone – lying horizontally facing downward Figure 2.8B – The prone position.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  91. 91. Body Areas Exercise Click here to view an interactive exercise on body area terminology.Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  92. 92. Body Structure Word Building abdomin/o + –al abdominal pertaining to abdomen anter/o + –ior anterior pertaining to front brachi/o + –al brachial pertaining to arm caud/o + –al caudal pertaining to tail cephal/o + –ic cephalic pertaining to head cervic/o + –al cervical pertaining to neck crani/o + –al cranial pertaining to skull crur/o + –al crural pertaining to legFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  93. 93. Body Structure Word Building dist/o + –al distal pertaining to away dors/o + –al dorsal pertaining to back of body epitheli/o + –al epithelial pertaining to epithelium glute/o + –al gluteal pertaining to buttocks infer/o + –ior inferior pertaining to below later/o + –al lateral pertaining to side medi/o + –al medial pertaining to middle muscul/o + –ar muscular pertaining to musclesFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  94. 94. Body Structure Word Building neur/o + –al neural pertaining to nerves organ/o + –ic organic pertaining to organs pelv/o + –ic pelvic pertaining to pelvis peritone/o + –al peritoneal pertaining to peritoneum pleur/o + –al pleural pertaining to pleura poster/o + –ior posterior pertaining to back proxim/o + –al proximal pertaining to near pub/o + –ic pubic pertaining to genitalsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  95. 95. Body Structure Word Building somat/o + –ic somatic pertaining to body spin/o + –al spinal pertaining to spine super/o + –ior superior pertaining to above system/o + –ic systemic pertaining to systems thorac/o + –ic thoracic pertaining to chest ventr/o + –al ventral pertaining to belly vertebr/o + –al vertebral pertaining to vertebrae viscer/o + –al visceral pertaining to internal organsFlorida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  96. 96. Body Organization Abbreviations AP anteroposterior CV cardiovascular ENT ear, nose, and throat GI gastrointestinal GYN gynecology lat lateral LE lower extremity (leg)Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  97. 97. Body Organization Abbreviations LLQ left lower quadrant LUQ left upper quadrant MS musculoskeletal OB obstetrics PA posteroanterior RLQ right lower quadrant RUQ right upper quadrant UE upper extremity (arm)Florida State College Jacksonville HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for the Healthcare Professional Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L

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