Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Introduction to Medical Terminology
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Introduction to Medical Terminology

  • 3,976 views
Published

Florida State College of Jacksonville, HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals. Unit 1 - Introduction

Florida State College of Jacksonville, HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals. Unit 1 - Introduction

Published in Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,976
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
165
Comments
0
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • 1. Prefixes with More Than a Single Definition a. a-, an- no, not, without, lack of, apart b. ad- toward, near, to c. bi- two, double d. de- down, away from e. di- two, double f. dia- through, between g. dif-, dis- apart, free from, separate h. dys- bad, difficult, painful i. ec-, ecto- out, outside, outer j. end-, endo- within, inner k. ep-, epi- upon, over, above l. eu- good, normal m. ex-, exo- out, away from n. extra- outside, beyond o. hyper- above, beyond, excessive p. hypo- below, under, deficient q. in- in, into, not r. mega- large, great s. meta- beyond, over, between, change t. para- beside, alongside, abnormal u. poly- many, much, excessive v. post- after, behind w. pre- before, in front of x. pro- before, in front of y. super- above, beyond z. supra- above, beyond

Transcript

  • 1. Welcome to …….
    • HSC 1531
    • Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals
    • Spring 2010 Session B 12
    • Reference No. 318972
    • Wednesdays 5:30pm – 9:10pm
    • Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS
  • 2. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals HSC 1531 Instructor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L Florida State College of Jacksonville
  • 3. Introduction to medical terminology
    • Building medical terms from word parts
    • Singular and plural endings
    • Abbreviations
    • The medical record
    • Health care settings
    • Confidentiality
  • 4. Medical Terminology at a Glance
    • Studying medical terminology is like learning a new language
    • Basic rules for building terms will help you both build and translate many different words
    • You must be able to put words together or build words from their parts
      • Like piecing together a puzzle
  • 5. Understanding Medical Terms
    • It is impossible to memorize all of the thousands of medical terms
    • You can distinguish the meaning of many different words by analyzing the word parts
  • 6. Principles of component parts
    • Most of the terms for the body’s organs originated from Latin words, whereas terms describing diseases that affect these organs have their origins in Greek . Many prefixes and suffixes have more than a single definition so one must learn to use the definition that best describes the term.
  • 7. Fundamentals of word structure
    • The fundamental elements in medical terminology
    • are …..
    • the component parts used to build medical words
    • P = Prefix
    • R = Word Root
    • CF = Combining Form
    • S = Suffix
  • 8. Principles of component parts
    • Prefix (p)– means to fix before or to fix to the beginning of a word. A prefix is a syllable or a group of syllables placed at the beginning of a word to alter of modify the meaning of the word to create a new word.
    • Word Root (wr) – a root is a word or word element from which other words are formed. It is the foundation of the word and conveys the central meaning of the word.
  • 9. Principles of component parts
    • Combining Form (cf) – a word root to which a vowel has been added to join the root to a second root or to a suffix. The vowel “o” is the most common vowel used to make combing forms. They are found at the beginning of a word or within a word.
    • Suffix (s) – means to fasten on beneath or under. A suffix may be a syllable or group of syllables united with or placed at the end of a word to alter or modify the meaning of the word or to create a new word.
  • 10. Principles of component parts
    • Prefixes ….
    • with more than a single definition
    • that pertain to position or placement
    • that pertain to number and amount
    • that are descriptive and are used in general
    • Suffixes ….
    • that have more than a single meaning
    • that pertain to pathologic conditions
    • used in diagnostic and surgical procedures
    • that are descriptive and are used in general
  • 11. Identifying medical words
            • Spelling – medical words of Greek origin are often difficult to spell because many begin with a silent letter or have a silent letter within the word. Spelling of all medical words is extremely important because the addition or omission of a single letter may change the meaning of the word.
  • 12. Identifying medical words
    • Spelling Guidelines :
    • … if the suffix begins with a vowel , drop the combining vowel from the combining form and add the suffix.
    • … if the suffix begins with a consonant , keep the combining vowel and add the suffix to the combining form.
    • … keep the combining vowel between two or more roots in a term.
  • 13.
    • Click here to view a movie introducing the parts of a medical term.
    Medical Term Elements Video
  • 14. Medical Terms Are Built from Word Parts
    • Word Part
    • Word root
    • Prefix
    • Suffix
    • Combining form
    • Example (Meaning)
    • cardi ogram (record of the heart )
    • peri cardium ( around the heart)
    • card itis ( inflammation of heart)
    • cardi o my o pathy (heart muscle disease)
  • 15. Word Root
    • Foundation of the term
    • General meaning of word
    • Often gives body system or part
      • cardi = heart
    • Or may be an action
      • cis = to cut
  • 16. Word root
    • Greek Word
    • Kardia (heart)
    • Gaster (stomach)
    • Hepar (liver)
    • Nephros (kidney)
    • Osteon (bone)
    • Word Root
    • Cardi
    • Gastr
    • Hepat
    • Nephr
    • oste
  • 17. Combining Vowels
  • 18. Combining Vowels
  • 19. Combining Vowels
    • Make it possible to pronounce long terms
    • Usually an “o”
    • Combine two word parts:
      • Between two word roots
      • Between word root and suffix
  • 20. Combining Vowel Rules
    • Between word root and suffix
    • If the suffix begins with a vowel
      • Do not use a combining vowel
      • Arthr itis , not arthr oi tis
    • If the suffix begins with a consonant
      • Use a combining vowel
      • Arthro s cope, not arthr s cope
  • 21.
    • Combining vowel is typically kept between two word roots
    • Even if the second word root begins with a vowel
      • gastr oe nteritis, not gastr e nteritis
    Combining Vowel Rules
  • 22. Combining Form
    • Typically used to write word roots
    • Also use the word root/combining vowel format
    • Examples:
      • cardi/o
      • arthr/o
      • gastr/o
  • 23. Common Combining Forms
    • aden/o
      • gland
    • carcin/o
      • cancer
    • cardi/o
      • heart
    • chem/o
    • chemical
    • cis/o
    • to cut
    • dermat/o
    • skin
    • enter/o
    • small intestine
    • gastr/o
    • stomach
    • gynec/o
    • female
    • hemat/o
    • blood
    • hydr/o
    • water
  • 24. Common Combining Forms
    • immun/o
    • immune
    • laryng/o
    • voice box
    • morph/o
    • shape
    • nephr/o
    • kidney
    • neur/o
    • nerve
    • ophthalm/o
    • eye
    • ot/o
    • ear
    • path/o
    • disease
    • pulmon/o
    • lung
    • rhin/o
    • nose
    • ur/o
      • urine , urinary system
  • 25.
    • Added to the front of a term
    • May add meaning such as:
      • location of organ sub – = below
      • number of parts mono – = one
      • time (frequency) post – = after
    Prefix
  • 26.
    • Not all medical terms have a prefix
    • When written by itself, followed by a hyphen
      • intra–
      • hyper–
      • multi–
    Prefix
  • 27. Common Prefixes
    • a–
    • without, away from
    • an–
    • without
    • ante–
    • before, in front of
    • anti–
    • against
    • auto–
    • self
    • brady–
    • slow
    • dys–
    • painful, difficult
  • 28. Common Prefixes
    • endo–
    • within , inner
    • epi–
    • upon, over
    • eu–
    • normal, good
    • hetero–
    • different
    • homo–
    • same
    • hyper–
    • over, above
    • hypo–
    • under, below
  • 29. Common Prefixes
    • infra–
    • under , beneath , below
    • inter–
    • among , between
    • intra–
    • within , inside
    • macro–
    • large
    • micro–
    • small
    • neo–
    • new
    • pan–
    • all
  • 30. Common Prefixes
    • para–
    • beside , beyond , near
    • per–
    • through
    • peri–
    • around
    • post–
    • after
    • pre–
    • before , in front of
    • pseudo–
    • false
    • retro–
    • backward , behind
  • 31. Common Prefixes
    • sub–
    • below , under
    • super–
    • above , excess
    • supra–
    • above
    • tachy–
    • fast
    • trans–
    • through , across
    • ultra–
    • beyond , excess
  • 32. Number Prefixes
    • bi – two
    • hemi – half
    • mono – one
    • multi – many
    • nulli – none
    • poly – many
    • quad – four
    • semi – partial , half
    • tri – three
    • uni – one
  • 33. Suffix
    • Attached to the end of a term
    • Adds meaning such as:
      • condition –algia = pain
      • disease –itis = inflammation
      • procedure –ectomy = surgical removal
    Pg 6
  • 34. Suffix
    • All medical terms must have a suffix
      • Only mandatory word part
    • When written by itself, precede with a hyphen
      • – logy
      • – sclerosis
      • – cyte
  • 35. Common Suffixes
    • – algia
    • pain
    • – cele
    • hernia, protrusion
    • – cise
    • cut
    • – cyte
    • cell
    • – dynia
    • pain
    • – ectasis
    • dilatatio n
    • – gen
    • that which produces
    • – genesis
    • produces, generates
  • 36. Common Suffixes
    • – genic
    • producing
    • – ia
    • state, condition
    • – iasis
    • abnormal condition
    • – logy
    • study of
    • – ism
    • state of
    • – itis
    • inflammation
    • – logist
    • one who studies
    • – lysis
    • destruction
  • 37. Common Suffixes
    • – malacia
    • abnormal softening
    • – megaly
    • enlargement, large
    • – oma
    • tumor, mass
    • – osis
    • abnormal condition
    • – pathy
    • disease
    • – plasia
    • development, growth
    • – plasm
    • formation, development
    • – ptosis
    • drooping
  • 38. Common Suffixes
    • – rrhage
    • excessive , abnormal flow
    • – rrhea
    • discharge, flow
    • – rrhexis
    • rupture
    • – sclerosis
    • hardening
    • – stenosis
    • narrowing
    • – therapy
    • treatment
    • – trophy
    • nourishment, development
  • 39. Adjective Suffixes Pg 7
  • 40. Adjective Suffixes
    • Suffix may be used to convert a word root into a complete word
    • Translation of these suffixes is pertaining to
    • New word can then be used to modify another word
      • The part of speech that modifies a noun or other substantive by limiting, qualifying, or specifying and distinguished in English morphologically by one of several suffixes, such as -able, -ous, -er, and -est, or syntactically by position directly preceding a noun or nominal phrase.
  • 41. Adjective Suffix Example
    • To state that a patient has an ulcer in his stomach:
      • gastr/o = stomach
      • -ic = pertaining to
      • gastric = pertaining to the stomach
      • gastric ulcer = ulcer found in the stomach
  • 42. Adjective Suffixes
    • – ac
    • – al
    • – an
    • – ar
    • – ary
    • – ior
    • – ory
    • – ose
    • – ous
    • – tic
    • – eal
    • – iac
    • – ic
    • – ical
    • – ile
    Pg 7
  • 43. Surgical Suffixes Pg 7
  • 44. Surgical Suffixes
    • – centesis
    • puncture to withdraw fluid
    • – ectomy
    • surgical removal
    • – ostomy
    • surgically create an opening
    • – otomy
    • cutting into
    • – pexy
    • surgical fixation
    • – plasty
    • surgical repair
    • – rrhaphy
    • suture
  • 45. Procedural Suffixes Pg 8
  • 46. Procedural Suffixes
    • – gram
    • record or picture
    • – graph
    • instrument for recording
    • – graphy
    • process of recording
    • – meter
    • instrument for measuring
    • – metry
    • process of measuring
    • – scope
    • instrument for viewing
    • – scopy
    • process of visually examining
  • 47. Word Building
    • Putting together several parts to form a variety of terms to convey the necessary information
    • Begins with knowing the meaning of the various word parts in order to select the correct ones
    • Always remember the rules regarding the location of each word part
  • 48. Let’s dissect a word …… gastroenterology
  • 49. Interpreting Medical Terms
    • Term to be translated …. ( Dissected )
      • gastroenterology
    • Divide the term into its word parts
      • gastr / o / enter / o / logy
  • 50. Interpreting Medical Terms
    • Define each word part
      • gastr = stomach
      • o = combining vowel, no meaning
      • enter = small intestine
      • o = combining vowel, no meaning
      • – logy = study of
    • Combine the meanings of the word parts
      • study of the stomach and small intestine
  • 51. Pronunciation
    • Mispronunciations
    • Artery - the study of fine paintings
    • Barium - what you do when CPR fails
    • Benign - what you are after you be eight
    • Coma - a punctuation mark
    • Morbid - a higher offer
    • Urine - opposite of you’re out
    • Tablet - a small table
    Pg 8
  • 52. Pronunciation
    • Will differ according to place of birth and education
    • When in doubt, ask for spelling
    • New terms in the book are introduced in boldface type, with phonetic spelling in parentheses
    • Stressed syllable will be in capital letters:
      • pericarditis (per ih car DYE tis)
  • 53. Spelling
    • Only one correct way to spell a term
    • Changing one letter can change the meaning of a word
      • abduction
        • (moving away) vs. adduction (moving towards)
      • ileum
        • (small intestine) vs. ilium (hip bone)
    Pg 9
  • 54. Same Sounds Spelled Differently
    • psy psychiatry
    • cy cytology
    • dys dyspepsia
    • dis dislocation
  • 55. Singular and Plural Endings
    • Many medical terms come from Greek or Latin words
    • Rules for forming plurals for these languages are different from English
      • Plural of atrium is atria, not atriums
    • Other words will use English rules
      • Plural of ventricle is ventricles
    Pg 9
  • 56. General Rules for Plurals
  • 57. General Rules for Plurals
  • 58. General Rules for Plurals
    • Word Ends In
    • – a
    • – ax
    • – ex or –ix
    • – is
    • – ma
    • – nx
    • – on
    • – us
    • – um
    • – y
    • Plural
    • vertebrae
    • thoraces
    • appendices
    • metastases
    • sarcomata
    • phalanges
    • ganglia
    • nuclei
    • ova
    • biopsies
    • Singular
    • vertebra
    • thorax
    • appendix
    • metastasis
    • sarcoma
    • phalanx
    • ganglion
    • nucleus
    • ovum
    • biopsy
  • 59. Abbreviations
    • Commonly used to save time
    • Can be confusing
    • If you are concerned about confusion, spell out the term
    • Do not use your own personal abbreviations
    Pg 10
  • 60. The Medical Record
    • Documents details of hospital stay
      • Patient’s day-to-day condition
      • When and what services were provided
      • Response to treatment
    • All personnel with patient contact complete the appropriate report
    • Medical records department ensures that all documents are present, complete, signed, and in order
  • 61. Medical Transcriptionist Video Click here to view a video on the duties of the medical transcriptionist.
  • 62. Common Elements of the Medical Record
    • History and Physical
      • Written by admitting physician
      • Details patient’s:
        • History
        • Exam results
        • Initial diagnosis
        • Physician’s plan of treatment
    • Physician’s Orders
      • Ordered by the doctor
      • Complete list of:
        • Care
        • Medications
        • Tests
        • Treatments
  • 63. Patient Histories Video One Click here to view a video on the correct manner while taking patient histories.
  • 64. Patient Histories Video Two Click here to view a video on the wrong manner while taking patient histories.
  • 65. Common Elements of the Medical Record – Notes
    • Nurse’s Notes
      • Records the patient’s care throughout the day
      • Includes vital signs, treatment specifics, patient’s response to treatment, and patient’s condition
    • Physician’s Progress Notes
      • Daily record of patient’s condition
      • Results of physical exam, summary of test results, updated assessment and diagnoses, further plans for treatment
  • 66. Common Elements of the Medical Record – Reports
    • Consultation Reports
      • Given by a specialist when the physician asks for patient evaluation
    • Ancillary Reports
      • From various treatments and therapies
      • Such as rehabilitation, social services, respiratory therapy, or dietetics
  • 67. Common Elements of the Medical Record – Reports
    • Operative Report
      • From surgeon detailing the operation
      • Includes pre- and post-operative diagnosis
      • Specific details of the procedure and how the patient tolerated the procedure
    • Anesthesiologist’s Report
      • Relates details of drugs given to patient
      • Response to anesthesia
      • Vital signs during surgery
  • 68. Common Elements of the Medical Record – Reports
    • Diagnostic Reports
      • Results of all diagnostic tests performed on the patient
      • From lab to medical imaging
    • Pathologist’s Report
      • Report given by pathologist who studies tissue removed from patient
  • 69. Common Elements of the Medical Record
    • Informed Consent
      • Document voluntarily signed by the patient or responsible party
      • Clearly describes purpose, methods, procedures, benefits, and risks of procedures
    • Discharge Summary
      • Outline of patient’s entire hospital stay
      • Includes condition at admission, admitting diagnosis, test results, treatments, and patient’s response, final diagnosis, and follow-up plans
  • 70. Healthcare Settings
    • Acute Care or General Hospital
      • Provides services to diagnose and treat diseases for a short period of time
    • Specialty Care Hospital
      • Provides care for specific type of disease
      • Example: psychiatric hospital
  • 71. Healthcare Settings
    • Nursing Home or Long-Term Care Facility
      • Provides long-term care for patients who need extra time to recover before going home
      • For persons who cannot care for themselves
    • Ambulatory Care, Surgical Center or Outpatient Clinic
      • For patients who do not need overnight care
      • Simple surgeries, therapy, or diagnostic testing
  • 72. Healthcare Settings
    • Physician’s Office
      • Individual or group of doctors providing diagnostic and treatment services in an office setting
    • Health Maintenance Organization
      • Group of primary care physicians, specialists, and other healthcare professionals
      • Provides wide range of services in a pre-paid system
  • 73. Healthcare Settings
    • Home Health Care
      • Agencies that provide nursing, therapy, personal care, or housekeeping services in patient’s home
    • Rehabilitation
      • Provides physical and occupational therapy
      • Inpatient and outpatient
    • Hospice
      • Organized group of health workers that provide supportive treatment to terminally ill patients and their families
  • 74. Confidentiality
    • Any information or record relating to a patient is privileged
    • Moral and legal responsibility to keep all information private
    • Proper authorization must be signed by patient before any information can be released
    • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) sets federal standards to protect records
  • 75. HIPAA Video - Confidentiality Click here to view a video describing HIPAA.
  • 76. Introduction to Medical Terminology Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals HSC 1531 Instructor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L Florida State College of Jacksonville