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Endocrine System
 

Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Medical Terminology

Endocrine System Medical Terminology

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  • Hormones from the various endocrine glands affect body metabolism, blood glucose, blood calcium, and blood sodium in complementary or opposite ways.

Endocrine System Endocrine System Presentation Transcript

  • Endocrine SystemFlorida State College of Jacksonville – FSCJ Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • The endocrine system consists of glands that perform very different functions. They are related to each other because they all secrete hormones into the blood.Organs and glands of the endocrine system secrete hormones to regulate various body functions (EN-doh-kin-AWL-oh-jee)
  • Endocrine System at a Glance  Endocrineglands secrete hormones  Hormones regulate body activities  Metabolic rate  Water and mineral balance  Immune system reactions  Sexual functioning HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System at a Glance  Organs of the Endocrine System  Adrenal glands  Ovaries  Pancreas (islets of Langerhans)  Thyroid & Parathyroid glands  Pineal gland  Pituitary gland  Testes  Thymus gland  Thyroid gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for by Pearson Professionals Copyright ©2009 Healthcare Education, Inc.Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition Upper Saddle River, New Jacksonville Florida State College Jersey 07458Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L All rights reserved.
  • endocrine system HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Combining Forms  acr/o  calc/o  extremities  calcium  adren/o  crin/o  adrenal glands  secrete  adrenal/o  estr/o  adrenal glands  female  andr/o  male HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Combining Forms  glyc/o  kal/i  sugar  potassium  glycos/o  natr/o  sugar  sodium  gonad/o  ophthalm/o  sex glands  eye  home/o  sameness HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Combining Forms  pancreat/o  thym/o  pancreas  thymus  parathyroid/o  thyr/o  parathyroid gland  thyroid gland  pineal/o  thyroid/o  pineal gland  thyroid gland  pituitar/o  toxic/o  pituitary gland  poison HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Suffixes  –crine  to secrete  –dipsia  thirst  –prandial  relating to a meal  –tropin  stimulate HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Anatomy and Physiology  Collectionof glands  Secrete hormones directly into bloodstream  Chemicals that act on target organs  Increase or decrease target’s activity level  Instrumental in maintaining homeostasis  Maintain stable internal environment HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine Systemhome/o = same-stasis = condition of standing still; staying in one place
  • Types of Glands  Two types of glands in body  Exocrine glands and Endocrine glands  Exocrine glands  Release secretions into duct that carries them to outside of body  Example: sweat glands  Endocrine glands  Release hormones directly into bloodstream  Have no ducts, referred to as ductless glands  Example: thyroid gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Glands of the Endocrine System  Adrenal glands – two  Parathyroid glands – four  Pancreas  Pineal gland  Pituitary gland  Ovaries – two in females  Testes – two in males  Thymus gland  Thyroid gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Adrenal Glands  Two glands, one located above each kidney  Each gland is composed of two sections:  Adrenal cortex  Adrenal medulla HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The adrenal glands HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • adrenal gland cortex and medulla
  • Adrenal Cortex  Mineralocorticoid  Example: aldosterone  Regulates sodium (Na+) and potassium (K+) levels  Glucocorticoid  Example: cortisol  Regulates carbohydrates  Steroid sex hormones  Androgens, estrogen, and progesterone  Regulate secondary sexual characteristics HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Adrenal Medulla  Inner portion  Secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine  Epinephrine is also called adrenaline  Critical during emergency situations  Increases blood pressure  Increases heart rate  Increases respiration rate HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Ovaries  Two ovaries located in pelvic cavity of females  Secrete female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone  Estrogen is responsible for:  Female sexual characteristics  Regulation of menstrual cycle  Progesterone  Maintains suitable uterine environment for pregnancy HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The ovaries HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Testes  Two oval glands located in scrotum  Secrete male sex hormone, testosterone  Testosterone  Produces male secondary sexual characteristics  Regulates sperm production HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The testes.The testes. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pancreas  Locatedalong lower curvature of stomach  Onlyorgan that has both endocrine and exocrine functions s c rea Pan HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pancreas  Exocrine portion  Releases digestive enzymes through duct into duodenum  Endocrine sections of the pancreas  Islets of Langerhans  Produce insulin and glucagon HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pancreas  Insulin  Produced by beta cells  Stimulates cells of body to take in glucose from bloodstream  Lowers blood sugar level  Occurs after eating a meal and absorbing carbohydrates HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pancreas  Glucagon  Produced by alpha cells  Stimulates liver to release stored glucose into bloodstream  Raises blood sugar levels  Occurs when body needs more glucose HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The pancreas HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Diabetes Video HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Thyroid Gland  Located on either side of trachea  Resembles a butterfly in shape  Divided into right and left lobes HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Thyroid Gland  Thyroidhormones  Thyroxine (T4)  Triiodothyronine (T3)  Needs iodine to make hormones  These hormones:  Regulate energy production  Adjust metabolic rate HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Thyroid Gland  Also secretes calcitonin  Regulates level of calcium in bloodstream  If calcium levels in blood rise too high:  Calcitonin levels in blood increase  Increases deposition of calcium into bone  Lowers levels of calcium in bloodstream  Its action is opposite of parathyroid hormone homeostasis HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The thyroid gland is divided into a left and right lobeThe thyroid gland is divided into a left and right lobe HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Parathyroid Glands  Four tiny glands  Located on dorsal surface of thyroid gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Parathyroid Glands  Secretes parathyroid hormone (PTH)  Regulates level of calcium in bloodstream  Ifcalcium levels in blood fall too low:  Parathyroid hormone levels in the blood increase  Stimulate bone breakdown  Releasing more calcium into bloodstream HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The parathyroid glands. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine Glands of the Brain nd d gla lan al y g ine itar P u Pit HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pineal Gland  Small pine cone-shaped gland  Part of thalamus region of brain HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pineal Gland  Secretes melatonin  Not well understood, but plays a role in regulating body’s circadian rhythm  24-hour clock that governs periods of wakefulness and sleepiness HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The pineal gland is a part of the thalamus region of the brain. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pituitary Gland  Small marble-shaped gland  Located underneath brain  Divided into anterior and posterior lobes  Regulated by hypothalamus HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pituitary glandThe anterior pituitary glandproduces and secretesseven different hormones.The posterior pituitarygland stores and secretestwo hormones that areactually produced by thehypothalamus. Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Pituitary gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The pituitary gland lies just underneath the brain.The pituitary gland lies just underneath the brain. It is subdivided into anterior and posterior lobes. It is subdivided into anterior and posterior lobes. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Anterior Pituitary  Referred to as “master gland”  Secretes hormones that regulate other endocrine glands  Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)  Regulates function of thyroid gland  Adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH)  Regulates function of adrenal cortex HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Anterior Pituitary  Gonadotropins  Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)  Luteinizing hormone (LH)  FSH  Responsible for development of ova and sperm  Also stimulates ovary to secrete estrogen  LH  Stimulates secretion of sex hormones  Plays a role in releasing ova in females HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Anterior Pituitary  Growth hormone (GH)  Also called somatotropin  Stimulates cells to grow and divide  Prolactin (PRL)  Stimulates milk production in breast  Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)  Stimulates melanocytes to produce more melanin HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The different hormones and target tissues for the anterior pituitary.The different hormones and target tissues for the anterior pituitary. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Posterior Pituitary Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)  Also called vasopressin  Promotes water re-absorption by the kidney tubules Oxytocin (OXT)  Stimulates uterine contractions during labor and delivery  After birth stimulates release of milk from breast HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Thymus Gland  Located in mediastinum  Part of immune system  Also endocrine gland  Secretes thymosin HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Thymus Gland  Thymosin  Essential for growth and development of thymic lymphocytes or T cells  Critical part of body’s immune system  Present at birth and grows to largest size during puberty  At puberty begins to shrink and eventually is replaced with connective and adipose tissue HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • The thymus gland.The thymus gland. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Effects of Hormones Hormones from the various endocrine glands affect body metabolism, blood glucose, blood calcium, and blood sodium in complementary or opposite ways. Homeostasishome/o = same-stasis = condition of standing still; staying in one place Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Endocrine System Exercise Click here to review the endocrine system glands in a labeling activity. HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Word Building with adren/o & adrenal/o pertaining to adrenal –al adrenal gland –megaly adrenomegaly enlarged adrenal gland –pathy adrenopathy adrenal gland disease –ectomy adrenalectomy removal of adrenal gland inflammation of adrenal –itis adrenalitis gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • A medical term meaning the surgicalremoval of the adrenal gland is: a) adrenalectomy b) hypopituitarism c) adrenomegaly d) endocrinologist e) hyperparathyroidism HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • A medical term meaning the surgicalremoval of the adrenal gland is: a) adrenalectomy b) hypopituitarism c) adrenomegaly d) endocrinologist e) hyperparathyroidism HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Word Building with calc/o & crin/o excessive calcium in hyper– –emia hypercalcemia blood hypo– –emia hypocalcemia low calcium in blood specialist in endocrine endo– –ologist endocrinologist system endocrine system endo– –pathy endocrinopathy disease HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Word Building with glyc/o, kal/i, & natr/o excessive sugar in hyper– –emia hyperglycemia blood hypo– –emia hypoglycemia low sugar in blood excessive potassium in hyper– –emia hyperkalemia blood hypo– –emia hyponatremia low sodium in blood HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Word Building with parathyroid/o &pancreat/o pertaining to –al parathyroidal parathyroid –ectomy parathyroidectomy removal of parathyroid hyper– state of excessive hyperparathyroidism –ism parathyroid hypo– state of insufficient hypoparathyroidism –ism parathyroid –ic pancreatic pertaining to pancreas HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Word Building with pituitar/o & thym/o –ary pituitary pertaining to pituitary hypo– –ism hypopituitarism state of low pituitary state of excessive hyper– –ism hyperpituitarism pituitary –ic thymic pertaining to thymus –ectomy thymectomy removal of thymus –itis thymitis inflammation of thymus –oma thymoma thymus tumor HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Word Building with thyr/o & thyroid/o –megaly thyromegaly enlarged thyroid –al thyroidal pertaining to thyroid –ectomy thyroidectomy removal of thyroid state of excessive hyper– –ism hyperthyroidism thyroid hypo– –ism hypothyroidism state of low thyroid HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Vocabulary acidosis excessive acidity of body fluids edema excessive fluid in body tissues diagnosis and treatment of conditions of endocrinology endocrine glands exophthalmos protruding eyeballs gynecomastia development of breast tissue in males hirsutism excessive amount of hair HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • exophthalmosExophthalmos is a well-known sign ofhyperthyroidism. Edemabehind the eyeballscauses them to bulge andprotrude forward, and thelarge amount of whitesclerae makes the eyesappear to be staring.Custom Medical StockPhoto, Inc. Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • A photograph of a woman with exophthalmos. This condition is associated with hypersecretion of the thyroid gland. (Custom Medical Stock Photo, Inc.) HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for by Pearson Professionals Copyright ©2009 Healthcare Education, Inc.Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition Upper Saddle River, New Jacksonville Florida State College Jersey 07458Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L All rights reserved.
  • Endocrine System Vocabulary excessive hormone production by hypersecretion endocrine gland insufficient hormone production by hyposecretion endocrine gland obesity having abnormal amount of fat group of symptoms and signs that syndrome combine to present a clinical picture of disease or condition HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Adrenal Gland Pathology  Two glands, one located above each kidney  Each gland is composed of two sections:  Adrenal cortex  Adrenal medulla HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Adrenal Gland Pathology hyposecretion of adrenal cortex; Addison’s symptoms include generalized weakness disease and weight loss hypersecretion of estrogen by adrenal adrenal cortex in males; develops female feminization secondary sexual characteristics like gynecomastia hypersecretion of testosterone by adrenal adrenal cortex in females; develops male virilism secondary sexual characteristics HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Adrenal Gland Pathology hypersecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include weakness, Cushing’s syndrome edema, excess hair growth, and osteoporosis hypersecretion of epinephrine by adrenal medulla tumor; usually pheochromocytoma benign; symptoms include anxiety, heart palpitations, dyspnea, and headache HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Cushing’s syndrome Cushing’s syndrome(Biophoto Associates/ Science Source/Photo Researchers, Inc.)(Biophoto Associates/ Science Source/Photo Researchers, Inc.) HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Cushing’s syndrome(a) This patient shows thecharacteristic signs ofCushing’s syndrome.Deposits of fat in the cheeksgive a moon faceappearance. Breakdown ofprotein in the connectivetissues of the skin makes theskin thin, allowing bloodvessels to show through andgive the cheeks a reddenedappearance.BiophotoAssociates/ScienceSource/Photo Researchers,Inc. Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Cushing’s syndrome(b) The abdomen is obese,while the extremities arethin and there is musclewasting and weakness.Dark facial hair andamenorrhea occur onlywith Cushing’s disease.BiophotoAssociates/ScienceSource/Photo Researchers,Inc. Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Pancreas Pathology  Chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism  Results in hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus glycosuria (DM)  Two very distinct types: - insulin-dependent - non-insulin-dependent HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pancreatic Pathologies Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Pancreatic Pathologies Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Pancreatic Pathologies Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Diabetes Mellitus Insulin-dependent Non-insulin- diabetes mellitus dependent diabetes (IDDM) mellitus (NIDDM)  Also called Type 1  Also called Type 2  Develops early in life  Develops later in life  Destruction of islet cells  Person makes enough  Person makes too little insulin, but it has lost ability insulin to regulate cells  Must take insulin injections  Do not take insulin  Treated by diet, exercise, and oral medications HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Diabetes Video HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pancreas Pathology diabetic accumulation of damage to retina; retinopathy complication of diabetes mellitus acidosis due to excess of acidic ketone ketoacidosis bodies; serious complication of diabetes mellitus peripheral damage to nerves in lower legs and neuropathy hands as a result of diabetes mellitus islet of Langerhans tumor; secretes insulinoma excessive amount of insulin HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Parathyroid Gland Pathology nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps due to tetany hypocalcemia; may be caused by hypoparathyroidism hypersecretion of parathyroid Recklinghausen hormone; causes degeneration of disease bones HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pituitary Gland Pathology chronic hypersecretion of growth acromegaly hormone in adults; causes enlargement of bones of head and extremities hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone; diabetes symptoms include polyuria and insipidus (DI) polydipsia hyposecretion of growth hormone in dwarfism children; causes short stature HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • acromegalyIncreased levels of growthhormone (GH) inadulthood cause the faceand extremities to widenrather than grow longer.The foot on the left isnormal. The foot on theright shows acromegalywith enlargement andwidening.NMSB/Custom MedicalStock Photo, Inc. Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Acromegaly. The hand on the right is from a normal person, theAcromegaly. The hand on the right is from a normal person, the hand on the left is a person with acromegaly. hand on the left is a person with acromegaly. (Barts Medical Library/Phototake NYC) (Barts Medical Library/PhototakeMedical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals NYC) HSC 1531 Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Pituitary Gland Pathology hypersecretion of growth hormone gigantism in child; results in very tall adult hyposecretion of all pituitary hormones; results in problems with panhypopituitarism the glands controlled by pituitary gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • gigantismThe tallest man who ever livedsuffered from gigantism. Hisname was Robert Wadlow. Hewas born in 1918 in Illinois andwas of average weight andlength at birth. By the time hewas 18 years old, he was 8’11”and weighed 491 pounds. Hewore size 37AA shoes that wereover 18” in length. He died in1940, at the age of 22. Thetallest living man now is BaoXishun, a herdsman in Mongolia,China. He was born in 1951 andis 7’9”.CORBIS-NY Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • panhypopituitarismpanhypopituitarism HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Thyroid Gland Pathology congenital hyposecretion of thyroid; cretinism results in poor physical and mental development goiter enlarged thyroid gland hypersecretion of thyroid; symptoms Graves’ disease include exophthalmos and goiter HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • goiterA goiter can be a mild,subtle swelling in the neck,or it can enlarge enoughto cause difficultyswallowing and breathing.Marka/Custom MedicalStock Photo, Inc. Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Palpation of thyroid glandThe anterior location ofthe thyroid gland meansthat even mildenlargement can bedetected. This physician ispalpating the edges of thepatient’s thyroid gland todetermine its size.Pearson Education/PHCollege Endocrine System | Medical Terminology for Health Professionals
  • Goiter HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for by Pearson Professionals Copyright ©2009 Healthcare Education, Inc.Medical Terminology: A Living Language, Fourth Edition Upper Saddle River, New Jacksonville Florida State College Jersey 07458Bonnie F. Fremgen and Suzanne S. Frucht Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L All rights reserved.
  • Thyroid Gland Pathology Hashimoto’s autoimmune destruction of thyroid; disease results in hyposecretion disorder hyposecretion disorder in adult; myxedema symptoms include anemia, edema, and mental lethargy marked hypersecretion; symptoms thyrotoxicosis include rapid heart rate, tremors, thyromegaly, and weight loss HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine Gland Pathology cancerous tumor in gland that produces hormones secreted by that adenocarcinoma gland; results in hypersecretion pathologies HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Clinical Laboratory Tests measures level of substances, such blood serum test as calcium, glucose, or hormones, in blood measures calcium in blood; used to total calcium diagnose parathyroid or bone disorders radioimmunoassay measures levels of hormones in (RIA) blood HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Clinical Laboratory Tests fasting blood measures glucose in bloodstream after sugar (FSB) 12-hour fast glucose measures blood sugar level over tolerance test several hours after person drinks large (GTT) dose of glucose two-hour postprandial measures blood glucose level two glucose hours after a meal tolerance test HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Clinical Laboratory Tests protein measures T4 blood level; iodine in the bound iodine hormone becomes bound to blood test (PBI) proteins thyroid measures levels of T3, T4, and TSH in function test (TFT) blood HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Diagnostic Imaging thyroid ultrasound image of thyroid gland echogram nuclear medicine image based on thyroid scan accumulation of radioactive iodine in thyroid gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Medical Treatments large dose of radioactive iodine is given chemical to kill a portion of the thyroid gland; thyroidectomy avoids surgery hormone administering replacement hormones; replacement treats hyposecretion disorders therapy HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Surgical Treatments removal of adrenal gland through laparoscopic small abdominal laparoscopic adrenalectomy incision lobectomy removal of a lobe of thyroid gland HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Pharmacology antithyroid blocks production of Tapazole agents thyroid hormones replaces adrenal cortex corticosteroids Deltasone hormones human growth replaces growth Genotropin, hormone hormone Protropin therapy HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Pharmacology treats type 1 diabetes insulin Humulin L mellitus oral decreases blood sugar Glucophage, hypoglycemic in type 2 diabetics Glucotrol agents thyroid replaces thyroid Levo-T, replacement hormones Cytomel hormone Desmopressin, vasopressin treats diabetes insipidus Vaprisol HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Abbreviations α alpha ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone ADH antidiuretic hormone β beta BMR basal metabolic rate DI diabetes insipidus DM diabetes mellitus HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Abbreviations FBS fasting blood sugar FSH follicle-stimulating hormone GH growth hormone GTT glucose tolerance test IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus K+ potassium LH luteinizing hormone HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • Endocrine System Abbreviations MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone Na+ sodium NIDDM non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus NPH neutral protamine Hagedorn (insulin) PBI protein-bound iodine PRL prolactin PTH parathyroid hormone HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L
  • HSC 1531 Medical Terminology for Healthcare Professionals Florida State College Jacksonville Professor: Michael L. Whitchurch, MHS, OT/L